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Art and War. Destruction and Protection of Italian Artistic Heritage 1943–1945, Conference, Rome, 6 - 7 October 2014

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A major international conference reconsidering the role of the so-called "Monuments Men" in the Allied and German armed forces during World War II. How important were these military units in a conflict characterized by aerial warfare and strategic bombing? Was their role limited simply to recording the damage caused by the fighting and modern technology, or could they implement strategies for prevention and protection? Were they non-partisan or did they subscribe to a prevailing political ideology? The conference aims to answer these questions by analyzing the context from different national and disciplinary perspectives.

Program

Monday, 6 October, 14.45–19.30
Lunedì, 6 ottobre, 14.45–19.30

American Academy in Rome

14.45 Kimberly Bowes | Roma – Martin Baumeister | Roma
Welcome and greetings | Indirizzi di saluto

Lutz Klinkhammer | Roma – Carlotta Coccoli | Brescia
Opening | Presentazione del convegno

I - The Political Context – Strategic Decisions on Warfare and Bombing
Il contesto politico – decisioni strategiche su guerra e bombardamenti
Chair | Moderatore: Gabriele Ranzato | Pisa

15.30 Richard Overy | Exeter
Lecture | Prolusione: European Cities in the Bombing War: Destruction and Survival

16.30 Break | Intervallo

17.00 Maddalena Carli | Teramo
Minacciare, bombardare, ricostruire. Gli Stati Uniti e i raid aerei sull'Italia

17.25 Claudia Baldoli | Newcastle
La RAF e i bombardamenti sull'Italia

17.50 Thomas Schlemmer | München
La strategia militare e i bombardamenti: il caso tedesco

18.15 Discussion | Commenti

19.00 Poster Session: Cryptoportico American Academy

Tuesday, 7 October, 9.30–16.30
Martedì, 7 ottobre, 9.30–16.30

Istituto Storico Germanico

II - How the "Monuments Officers" were created
Le competenze dei funzionari
Chair | Moderatore: Luigi Tomassini | Bologna

9.30 Carlo Gentile | Köln
Tra reportage e propaganda. I fotografi militari tedeschi in Italia 1943–1944

9.55 Marta Nezzo | Padova
Il ruolo delle soprintendenze durante la Seconda guerra mondiale

10.20 Christian Fuhrmeister | München
'Art Protection3'. German, Italian, and Allied Actions, Interactions, Goals, and Problems

11.00 Break | Intervallo

11.20 Ilaria Dagnini Brey | New York
La Roberts Commission e la formazione dei Monuments Officers negli Stati Uniti

11.45 Carlotta Coccoli | Brescia
'The Land of Treasures'. L'equipaggiamento culturale dei soldati alleati nella Campagna d'Italia

12.10 Discussion | Commenti

13.00 Break | Pausa

III - Principles of Protection and Case Studies
Principi di tutela e casi emblematici
Chair | Moderatore: Umberto Gentiloni | Roma

14.15 Lutz Klinkhammer | Roma
Modelli di tutela e di distruzione del patrimonio artistico italiano durante l'occupazione tedesca in Italia

14.40 Michela Morgante | Bologna
Danni di guerra 1943–45: la produzione fotografica degli esperti di tutela, tra documento e propaganda

15.05 Nigel Pollard | Swansea
Military Necessity and Monuments Protection at a Crossroads? The Allied Bombing of Pompeii, August–September 1943

15.30 Discussion and conclusions
Commenti e conclusioni

Conference venues | Sedi dell'incontro

American Academy in Rome
Via Angelo Masina, 5
I-00153 Roma
www.aarome.org

Deutsches Historisches Institut in Rom
Istituto Storico Germanico di Roma
Via Aurelia Antica, 391
I-00165 Roma
www.dhi-roma.it

To access the flyer of the conference, click here.

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