Post-War Reports :

Art Looting Intelligence Unit (ALIU) Reports 1945-1946 and ALIU Red Flag Names List and Index

OSS (USS Office of Strategic Services) Art Looting Intelligence Unit (ALIU) Reports 1945-1946 and ALIU Red Flag Names List and Index 

In 1944 the US government created a special intelligence unit dealing with looted art which was formed and administered by the OSS.  In the course of 1945 and 1946, this Unit, named the Art Looting Intelligence Unit (ALIU), produced 16 printed reports. 

A Names Index listing all those individuals, dealers and agencies who appear in any of these reports is available here. The Names Index can also be searched on this site by clicking on the ‘Search’ button and typing a name into the Information Search box.  


The ALIU reports fall into three types:

One set of reports are called Detailed Intelligence Reports (DIR).  This series consists of reports dealing with the activities of various agents employed by Hitler, Göring and Rosenberg to acquire artworks for them in Axis-occupied countries. DIR No. 8 on Kajetan Muehlmann was not issued. DIR No.14 on the activities of Maria Dietrich was planned. It was not issued, but a full accounting of her activities was incorporated into Consolidated Interrogation Report No. 4.  Also, a DIR No. 15 on Rose Bauer, Muehlmann's secretary, was contemplated but not issued.  The reports are listed below:
The second set of reports were called Consolidated Interrogation Reports (CIR). This series consists of reports dealing with the art-looting activities of Göring and the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg (ERR), and with Hitler's Museum and Library in Linz. CIR No. 3 on German methods of acquisition was planned but not issued.
In May 1946 the ALIU issued a Final Report.  

Michael Hussey, Michael J. Kurtz, and Greg Bradsher at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) at Washington DC arranged and processed the ALIU records for microfilming and prepared a descriptive pamphlet about them which is available here

All Reports are available on microfilm from NARA:

To buy these microfilmed records, please click here.
To access the NARA site on Holocaust-Era Assets, click here.



Abb, Dr Gustav. Director of University Library, Berlin. 1940 appointed Director of Hauptverwaltung der Bibliotheken in Cracow. Reported responsible for looting of valuable treasures from Polish libraries.

Abels Brothers, Hermann. Cologne, Komoedienstrasse 26. Dealers. Specialists in 16th to 19th century painting and graphic arts. Active in Paris. In touch with Wuester, who was advised on purchases for Ribbentrop.

Abetz Otto. German Ambassador to France. Connected with the early seizures of Jewish art collections, particularly through the Kunsberg organisation.

Adriani Gert. Director of Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna. Contact of Miedl in Holland.

von Ahrendt, Bono. Director of Reichskammer fur Bildende Kunst. Active in Paris in 1942. In touch with Dr Epting.

Angerer, Josef (Sepp). Berchtesgaden. After Hofer, Goering’s most important buyer. Ardent Nazi, known to have had Gestapo connections. Member of firm of Quantmeyer & Eicke. Active throughout Europe, notably France and Italy. Contact of Reber, Ventura, Contini-Bonacossi, Ginori and Arturo Grassi. Was under temporary house arrest at Berchtesgaden, house of Fritz Goernnert, autumn 1945.

Apfelstaedt, Dr Hans Joachim. Dusseldorf. Karltor 1 - Cologne. Official purchasing agent for Dusseldorf and for Dusseldorf-Koln-Aachen-Bonn Gauleitung, for which he was active in France. Head of committee for research on cultural objects ‘looted ‘ from the Rhineland in previous wars. Assisted by Rademacher and Bammann.

Aubin, Dr Hermann Breslau 13, Kaiser Wilhelmstr 118. Professor of History at Breslau. Lectured in Poland 1940. One of the creators of Polish Volksdeutsch movement. Reported to have information concerning looted works of art in Cracow.

Augsburg, Dr. Berlin. Reported active in looting in Poland.

AWAG. Berlin, Leipzigerstr 126-137. Aryanised title of successor to Wertheim (shipping firm). Reported to have conducted purchases in France through Jansen.

Bachstitz, Kurt Walter. Basle The Hague, Surinamestr 11 (former). Jewish dealer, active formerly in Berlin, Munich and Amsterdam. Brother-in-law of Hofer, and his former employer. Although on bad terms, Hofer obtained an exit visa from Holland to Switzerland for him, but arranged to have his sister divorce Bachstitz, whereby aryanisation of the Bachstitz firm and/or confiscation of its assets was avoided. Hofer’s sister subsequently took over the firm, and it is possible that Hofer became part owner. Believed not to have engaged in important art looting activity. Conducted extensive business prior to the war with American dealers and collectors.

Bachstitz, Kurt Walter. Basle The Hague, Surinamestr 11 (former). Jewish dealer, active formerly in Berlin, Munich and Amsterdam. Brother-in-law of Hofer, and his former employer. Although on bad terms, Hofer obtained an exit visa from Holland to Switzerland for him, but arranged to have his sister divorce Bachstitz, whereby aryanisation of the Bachstitz firm and/or confiscation of its assets was avoided. Hofer’s sister subsequently took over the firm, and it is possible that Hofer became part owner. Believed not to have engaged in important art looting activity. Conducted extensive business prior to the war with American dealers and collectors.

Badels. Reported to have worked for ERR, Paris.

Baeumler, Prof Dr Alfred. University of Berlin. Member of ERR. Connected with confiscation of material from French libraries and archives.

Bammann, Hans. Dusseldorf, Blumenstrasse 11. Dealer, drafted into the army in 1942 and transferred to the ERR in Paris in December 1943 at the request of Lohse and Wuester. Believed to have acted as agent for art purchases in France for museums of Dusseldorf, Cologne, Aachen and Bonn. Contact of Rochlitz and Manteau. Introduced Lohse to important German museum directors and dealers.

Bange, Prof Dr E Friedrich. Designated by Hofer as a consultant on sculpture in cataloguing the Goering collection.

Baron. Reported to have worked for ERR, Paris.

Barthel (or Bartel), Dr Gustav. Took part in scientific and cultural activities of the Germans in Poland. Served in Poland and Silesia. In charge of repository at Cracow under Josef Muehlmann.

von Baudissin, Graf , Dr Wolf. Essen. Director of Volkswang Museum, Essen.  Responsible for aryanisation of Austrian museum staffs.

Bauer, Max. Reported to have received forty cases of art works from Himmler which were found in Kelheim.

Bauer, Michael. Munich. Good friend and personal assistant of Heinrich Hoffmann.

Bauer, Rose. Secretary of Kajetan Muehlmann.

Bauer, Walter. Treasurer of Amt Westen, ERR, and later head of Verwaltungsamt, ERR, Berlin.

Baumann, Colonel. SS officer. Active in removal of looted art from Italy.

Da Baume, Prof Dr Wolfgang. Danzig, Langer Markt 24. Director of Danzig Museum, reported active in Poland during occupation.

Baumgarten, Paul.German architect. Member of Reichskulturamt. Reported informed in questions of Polish loot.

Baumhoff, Karlsruhe. Reported active in art looting in Paris and Amsterdam.

Becker, Captain. German officer member,  Hermann Goering Division. Assisted in transfer of Monte Cassino archives to Spoleto.

Becker, Joseph. Berlin  NW 7, Unter den Linden 38. Director of Prussian State Library, Berlin. Member of Kulturdirektion set up in Paris for dealing with French libraries and art collections.

Becker, Josef Robert. Cologne, Amhof 37.

Dealer, reported to have received objects from occupied countries.

von Behr, Baron Kurt. As head of ERR, Paris, the individual chiefly responsible for organised looting in France. Committed suicide May 1945 at Schloss Banz.

Behrens, Dr Ewald. 1941, active in Institut fur Deutsche Ostarbeit in Cracow. Worked with Muehlmann organisation in Poland.

Benatsky, Dr. Member of ERR.

Berger, Dr Erik B. Wurzburg. Agent for Walter Paech in Germany. In touch with Haberstock, Hildebrandt and Wolfgang Gurlitt. In custody of US Military Government, Wurzburg.

Berndt, Dr. Munich. Reported protector of works of art in Czechoslovakia. Reported informed on movement of works of art from the East.

Beyer. Business manager of ERR, Paris.

Beyer, Helmuth. Muri (Bern), Florastrasese 6. Commercial Attache, German Legation, Bern. Resident representative for Goering in Switzerland. On Allied expulsion list.

Bierbach, Lars (alias Ernst). In Sweden. Former film magnate, who acted as intermediary in sales of works of art to Goebbels. Visited Paris in this connection in 1940. In touch with Dr Ott of the Propaganda Ministry and Direktor Bente of the Rhijnsche Handelsbank. Went to Sweden in 1944.

Binder, Dr Moritz Julius. Berlin. Consultant to the Goering collection.

von Bismarck, Count Eddy. Reinfeld, Post Barnow. German diplomat in Italy, reported to have assisted Prince Philipp von Hessen in purchase for Linz. Brother of Prince Otto von Bismarck.

Bleye,Willi. One of the directors of Schenker Co in Paris. Assisted by Scholze, Frl Piper, Frl Zilla Anders.

Bobrowski Lt Col. Officer in Herman Goering Division. Connected with the removal of art from Monte Cassino to Spoleto.

Bodenschatz, General Karl. Berlin. Chief of Goering’s Ministerial Office. In charge of Kunstfond.

von Boeck, Dr. The Hague. Alexanderstraat 22. Chief of the Abteilung Feind Vermoegen (Enemy Property Control), principal German confiscation authority in Holland. Gave first choice of everything which came under his jurisdiction to the Dienststelle Muehlmann.

Boedecker, Alfred. Frankfurt am Main. Dealer. Travelled in France and Switzerland. Reported associated with Neupert. In touch with Lohse. Involved in an exchange with the ERR.

Boehler, Julius Jr. Munich, Briennerstrasse 12. Grandson of the late Julius Boehler of Munich; son of Julius Boehler Sr of Lucerne. Partner of Sauermann. Close contact of Haberstock. Strong Nazi. Travelled in Holland and Italy. With Haberstock, purchased an important section of the Gutmann collection.

Boehm Dr Franz. Formerly Marburg Institute. 1942-43, archivist at Poznan, Poland.

Boehmer, Bernhard. Guestrow, Mecklenberg, Haus Beidberg. Former assistant to the sculptor Barlach, turned dealer. Active as buyer for Goebbels in Holland and Paris. Client of Petrides and Adrion. Connected with Wendland and Fischer as intermediary in sale of Degas’ Madame Camus at the Piano.

Boehringer, Prof Dr. Archaeologist. Cultural Attache at German Embassy, Athens, 1941-44.

Boekenkampf, Dr Werner. Formerly connected with the Marburg Institute. 1940-42, worked with Dr Epting at the Institut Allemand (rue St Dominique, Paris). 1944, Director, Institut Allemand, Marseilles.

Boepple, Dr Ernst. Munich, Salvatorplatz 2. Formerly head of Bayerische Kulturministerium. After 1939 Staatssekretaer in cabinet of Governor General Frank in Poland.

Boettger, Dr. Berlin. Assistant to General Bodemschatz. Administrator of Kunstfond.

Boettner, Dr. Member of ERR, Berlin.

Bogner, Michael. Munich. Assistant to Bornheim.

Borchers, Dr Walter. Schloss Kogl, Attergau. Leading art historian attached to the ERR staff in Paris. Directed Arbeitsgruppe Louvre. Under house arrest at Kogl, Attergau, summer 1945.

Bornheim, Walter. Munich, 18 Grosestrasse, Graefelfing. Art dealer. Proprietor of the Galerio fur Alte Kunst, Munich. One of Goering’s most important buyers in France.

Brabender. Cologne. Dealer who sold to Bornheim for the Goering collection. His wife was a restorer of sculpture.

Bracht, Ernst. Gauleiter of Upper Silesia. Possibly connected with art looting in Silesia.

Brandle, Frantz. Berlin, Budapesterstrasse 2. Reported to have bought furniture in Paris during occupation.

Brauchitsch, Lt Col. Chief aide to Goering and connected with his art transactions. Assisted Hofer and Gritzbach with loot from Monte Cassino. Purchased two landscapes confiscated by the ERR.

Braumueller, Dr Wolff. Together with Busse and Grube, responsible for actual confiscation operations of ERR Paris until 1943.

Breker, Prof Arno. Starnberg (Buchhof uber Pocha), Bavaria. Celebrated Nazi sculptor, often in Paris during the war. Took part in arranging tour of French artists through Germany. Active as buyer. Advised Goering through Bunjes. In touch with Wuester, Adrion, Fabre, Jansen and other French dealers.

Brethauer, Dr Karl. Member of Berlin staff of ERR, who assumed responsibility for ERR Paris following von Behr’s dismissal. Relieved as head of Paris office early in 1944.

Breuer. Editor of Die Weltkunst. Took over Wildenstein’s publication Beaux Arts through arrangements with Haberstock and Dequoy.

Bruemmer, Alphonse. Munich. Assistant to Heinrich Hoffmann.

Bruhns, Leo. Director of the Herziana Library in Rome. Civilian adviser to the German Ambassador. Worked with Degenhardt and Ringler.

Brunner, Dr. Member of Kunstschutz, Brussels.

Bruschwiller, Eugen. Munich, Lenbachplatz 1. Early Party member, close personal friend of Hitler and Heinrich Hoffmann. Became an important buyer for Linz in 1943 through the personal influence of Martin Bormann. Brother of Director of Coburg Museum (died 1943).

Buchner, Prof Dr Ernst. Pasing/Munich. Director General, Bavarian State Museum, and authority on German art, chiefly active as adviser on official purchases.

Buemming, Karl W. Erbach (Odenwald). Bookseller and antique dealer in Darmstadt. Chief representative in Germany for Fischer. An important intermediary in Hofer-Fischer exchanges, as well as many of Wolff-Hardt’s transactions for the Linz Library. Travelled frequently to Switzerland during the war. Key fiure in movement of looted works of art between Germany and Switzerland.

Buerckel. Gauleiter of Vienna, who presented the confiscated collections of Alphons and Louis Rothschild of Vienna to Hitler. Reported to have kept the best objects in the collection for himself.

Bunjes, Dr Hermann. Fell, near Trier. Served during the occupation of France as Referent fur Kunstschutz und Kultur under the German military command in Paris, and was Director of the Deutsche Kunsthistorische Forschungsstaette (German Fine Arts Institute), Paris. Goering’s first personal art agent in France during the occupation. Closely connected with the activities of the ERR and author of the official German Government paper of 18 August 1942 replying to the official French protests against the ‘safeguarding ‘ of ownerless Jewish art properties in occupied France. Extradition requested by French Government.

Busley, Dr Josef. Member of Kunstschutz, responsible for Angers and Bordeaux areas. Worked with Zimmermann and Metternich.

Busse, Fritz. Member of ERR Paris, charged with responsibility for actual confiscations (with Braumueller).

Busso, Dr. Former Director of Lodz Museum, Poland. Reported responsible for looting and destruction of libraries in Poznan and Lodz.

Choepelle. Assistant to Goernnert, head of Goering’s official staff. Concerned with transportation of art objects.

Clasen, Dr Karl Heinz. Professor at Koenigsberg and Rostock Universities.

Reported responsible for looting of collections in Poznan, Cracow and Sandemiertz. In touch with Kajetan Muehlmann.

Cloos. Reported in charge of ERR, Bordeaux.

Coblitz, Dr Wilhelm. Director of Institut fur Deutsche Ostarbeit in Cracow.

Crous, Dr Jan W. Librarian of the German Archaeological Institute in Rome (79 via Sardegna). In August 1942 confiscated goods of the Czechoslovakian Institute in Rome. In March 1944 went to Alt Aussee to arrange for storage in the salt mine of objects from Rome.

Curtius, Prof Ludwig. Director of German Archaeological Institute in Rome (79 via Sardegna). Reported to have assisted Prince Philipp von Hessen in his acquisitions for Germany.

Dauncel, Dr. Member of OKH photographic team in France, 1941. Worked with Stange and Hamann.

Degenhart, Dr Bernard. Member of ERR Central Department and in April 1945 of the Kunstschutz in Italy, where he worked with Dr Ringler and Professor Bruhns. Also worked in Holland with Dienststelle Muehlmann.

Deichmann, Prof Dr Friedrich Wilhelm. Head of Christian Archaeology Section of the German Archaeological Institute in Rome.

Demmel, Dr. Vienna. Member of Muehlman’s special commission for art confiscations in Cracow.

Demmler, Dr Theodor. Berlin C3. Director, Department of Sculpture, Kaiser Friedrich Museum. Consultant to the Goering Collection.

Deusch, Dr Werner R. Dealer, in contact with art market in Paris, Switzerland and Sweden. An editor of the art magazine Die Weltkunst.

Diesch, Dr Carl-Hermann. Koenigsberg, Kronprinzenstrasse 6. Head of State and University Library in Koenigsberg. Reported active in looting of Polish libraries.

Dietrich, SS General. Commander of Sixth Panzer Division, reported to have stored looted objects from France and other occupied countries at his residence in Saarow-Piskow (Fuerstenwald), using military trucks for transport.

Dietrich, Frau Maria Almas. Munich, Gustav Freytagstr 5. Art dealer; personal friend of Hitler, and for a time his principal buyer of works of art. One of the most important purchasing agents for Linz. Was under house arrest at Grafing, Bavaria, autumn 1945.

Dillenberg, Lt. Member of General Hanesse’s staff and paymaster in charge of Goering’s art funds in Paris.

Doelger, Prof Dr F. Munich. Professor of Byzantine and Greek history. Active in library of Mount Athos in 1941.

Dorotheum. Vienna, Dorotheergasse 17. Most important Austrian auction house. Directed by Dr Herbst, who was an active buyer in all occupied countries.

Drees, Major. Assistant to Luftwaffe General Hanesse in Paris.

Drost, Prof Dr Wilhelm. Danzig. Director of Danzig Museum. Active as buyer in Holland.

Dworschak, Dr Fritz. Vienna (?). Former Curator of Coins at Kunsthistorisches Institut, Vienna. Made Director of Institute by Baldur von Schirach. Strong Party member, who worked closely with Seyss-Inquart and Muehlmann. From 1943, in charge of Coin Collection being assembled for Linz. Assisted by Frau Dworschak.

Ebeling, Prof Dr. Member of ERR, Brussels.

Ebert, Prof. First Director of ERR, Paris.

Eckert Mueller, Captain. Reported responsible for seizure of Finally Collection from Villa Finally in Florence, July 1944.

Eggemann, Frl Dr Helga. In Switzerland (?). Member of ERR, Paris.

Eich, Hermann. Worked with the German Institute in Paris (rue St Dominique) in 1940.

Eigruber, August. Gauleiter of Oberdonau (Austria). Ordered the destruction of the works of art contained in the salt mine at Alt Aussee. Captured July 1945. Believed in custody at Nuremberg.

Epting, Dr Karl. Director of the German Institute in Paris from 1936. Returned to Paris in 1940 as chief of Franco-German student exchange. Director of the periodical Deutschland Frankreich, and as a high level intelligence propaganda officer collaborated with the Kunsberg organisation in the seizure of works of art in France in 1940. Ardent proponent of looting who opposed Metternich’s efforts to curtail confiscations. Extradition requested by French Government.

Ernst, Frl. Secretary of Hofer, 1944-45.

Ernst, Prof Richard. Vienna, Stubenring 5. Former Curator of Kunsthistorisches museum, Vienna. Active in looting in France and Holland, as member of ERR and Dienststelle Muehlmann staff.

Esser, Dr W. Member of ERR, Paris.

Evers, (Major) Prof Hans Gerhard. Professor in Munich. Member of Kunstschutz. Worked briefly for the ERR in Paris, 1941. Became head of Kunstschutz in Rome in 1943, succeeding von Tieschowitz. In Allied custody (Italy), May 1945.

Ewig, Dr Eugen. Metz. Departmental archivist for Moselle.

Fabian, Major. Connected with Baldur von Schirach in removal of Viennese works of art from Lauffen mine. In custody US Seventh Army, Augsburg, June 1945.

Fahrbach, Georg. Cologne, Neumarkt. Dealer, reported active in France as buyer of antique furniture for City of Cologne, in amount over twenty million francs.

Feiler. Reported chief of ERR, Orleans.

Feldhusen, Lt. Member of Kunstschutz, Italy. Reported to have taken two Cranachs from Olivete, which he gave to Langsdorff.

Fellner, Galerie. Linz. Active in France. Shipped through Schenker Co. In touch with Welz.

Fels, Frl. Moritzburg, nr Dresden. Successor to Oertel in 1944 as Linz assistant for painting.

Fischboeck, Dr Hans. Amsterdam, Heerengracht 410. German Commissioner of Finance and Economic Affairs in the Seyss-Inquart government. Former Nazi Minister of Finance in Austria following the Anschluss. In charge of the Devisenschutzkommando for Holland. His office took over the Lippmann-Rosenthal Bank as a depository for confiscated Jewish properties. Possibly involved in acquisitions for Goering.

Fischer. Reported chief of ERR, Troyes.

Fresacher, Dr Walter. Villach or Klagenfurt. Reported responsible for looting of archives in the Adriatic military zone.

Frey. Reported chief of ERR, St Germain.

Frey, Dr Dagobert. Breslau, Menzelstrasse 77. Art historian. Director of Art Historical Institute, Breslau. Specialist in Polish art. Visited Poland several times before the war, and was in close contact with Polish art historians. Probably most important historian responsible for looting of Polish art treasures. Chose medieval works of art from the Museum at Cracow for transportation to Germany. Wrote section on history of art in the German Government guide book of Poland.

Friedlaender, Prof Max J. The Hague, Oostduinlaan 68. Internationally known German art historian and authority on Flemish painting. Fled to Holland in 1939 because of Jewish persecutions, and through Goering’s intervention was able to take all his household effects, library etc. In 1940 imprisoned for a short time at Osnabruck; freed through intervention of Hofer. Became centre of Dutch collaborationist art circles, and in spite of being a refugee was well treated by the Germans. In close contact with Hofer, Lohse and Muehlmann. His chief assistant and friend was Vitalo Bloch. Also in close contact with Paech and Lutjens.

Fritzsche, Alfred. Breslau. Director, German Library, Cracow.

Frodl, Dr Walter. Kunstschutz official, Italy. Reported to have sent confiscated property from Trieste to Klagenfurt Museum. Worked with Frau Erika Hanfstaengl.

Fuchs, Dr Siegfried. Deputy Director of German Archaeological Institute, Rome. Reported responsible for seizure of Czechoslovakian Archaeological Institute in 1942, and for transfer to Germany of the Archaeological Institute and the Herziana libraries. Assisted by Dr Hoppenstedt. Reported to be SS Gruppenfuehrer and to have remained in Rome attached to the SD.

Fuehrmann, Dr Hans. Chief, Photographic Section, German Archaeological Institute, Rome.

Fulnmann. Official of the German Archaeological Institute, Rome. Reported to have seized Czechoslovakian archives.

Geibel. SS officer in Warsaw. Reported connected with looting of Polish art.

Geisenhofer. Reported Chief, ERR, Dijon.

Gense. Reported head of Kulturamt, Lwow.

Gerch, Heinrich. On Goering’s staff. In charge of Military Fund. Worked with Frau Kornatski, Frl Linberger and Hofer.

Gerdemann, Frl. Reported active in German libraries in Poland.

von Gerkan, Prof Arnim. Director, German Archaeological Institute, Rome.

Gerlach, Prof Dr Werner. Consul General and head of Kulturpolitische Abteiling in German Embassy, Paris, 1944. Reported member of GIS.

Gerstenberger, Galerie. Chemnitz, Rossmarkt 11. Dealers. Sold to Linz. Headed by Grosshennig.

Gerum, Josef Karl. Munich. Member of GIS. Reported in charge of confiscated Jewish art in Munich since 1938. In Allied custody, May 1945.

Gieraths, Guenther. Berlin NW7, Dorotheenstrasse 48. Reported responsible for seizure of Prague Military Academy library.

Giese Gallery. Zurich, Eschorgasse 12, Liuth. German dealer, resident in Switzerland. Sold to Hofer.

Gillhausen, Frau Maria. Munich, Leopoldstrasse 38. Dealer and intermediary. Formerly with Gasparri. Active in Paris. In touch with Lawdry, Alfred Pacquement, Buchner and Bornheim.

Goepel, Dr Erhard. Leipzig, Stieghtstrasse 76. Official Linz agent and buyer in Holland under Posse and Voss. Bought extensively in Holland and also travelled frequently in Belgium and France. Negotiated the forced sale of the Schloss Collection in Paris. Chief contacts: Vitale Bloch (Holland), Wuester, Wandl and Holzapfel (Paris).

Goernnert, Dr Fritz. Member of Goering’s personal staff. In charge of the four Special Trains used to transport art to Germany. Goering’s official secretary and liaison with Bormann and the Party.

Gottfriedsen. Berlin. Foreign Office official in charge of von Rippentrop’s art collection.

Grau, Prof Dr Wilhelm. Member, ERR, Paris. Reported as responsible for looting of Paris libraries.

Greiner, General. Member of Kunstschutz, Italy. Reported responsible for removal of several art deposits in Italy.

Greinke. Replaced Kroske as business manager of ERR, Paris.

Gritzbach, Dr Eric. Plattling (Niederbayern). Chief of Goering’s personal staff, and in charge of all business connected with his art purchases.

Grosse, Dr R. Berlin, Bellevuestrasse 16. Dealer. Active in France. Shipped through Schenker Co.

Grosshennig. Chemnitz, Rossmarkt 11 Annaberg (?). Director of Galerio Gerstenberger. Active as buyer in France. Held Linz certificate signed by Voss. In touch with Postma, Fabiani, Mandl, Boehler and Plietzsch.

Grube. Together with Busse and Braumueller, was responsible for confiscation operations of ERR, Paris.

Gruenberg, Dr. Reported director of Ethnographical Museum, Lodz, Poland.

Grundmann, Guenther. Lecturer at Breslau University. Active in Poland as director of the Silesian Museum at Beuten, and in Cracow.

Grunsky, Dr Alfred. Munich University. Member, ERR. Active in France.

Grusse. Munich. Archivist of Military Museum, Munich. Active in looting of Czechoslovakian libraries.

Guetmann, Prof Dr. Member, ERR, Brussels.

Gurlitt, Hildebrandt. Schloss Poellnitz, Aschbach (nr Bamberg). One of the chief official Paris agents for Linz, 1943-45. Partly Jewish, he had difficulties with the Party and was placed in a difficult position as an agent for Linz. He therefore used Hermssen as his front. (Hermssen died late in 1944.) Under house arrest on the estate of Baron von Poellnitz.

Gurlitt, Wolfgang. Bad Aussee, Austria. Cousin of Hildebrandt Gurlitt. Former Berlin dealer. Close contact of Voss. Not seriously implicated in looting transactinos or purchases for German officials.

Haas, Dr. (Rome). Member, German Embassy staff. Reported to have assisted members of the German Archaeological Institute in the transfer of works of art from northern repositories to Rome.

Haberstock, Karl. Berlin, Kurfurstenstrasse 59 Nuremberg. The leading Nazi art dealer. Involved from 1933-39 in the campaign against ‘degenerate ‘ art and sold such paintings at great profit outside of Germany. Became Hitler’s dealer in 1936 and was directly responsible for the appointment of Posse to the directorship of Linz. The most prolific German buyer in Paris during the war and regarded in all quarters as the most important German art figure. In custody, US Chief of Counsel, Nuremberg.

Haendler, Frau. Alt Aussee, Austria. Chief assistant to Dr Reimer of Linz staff.

Hagemeyer, Prof Johann Gerhard. Berlin-Zehlendorf, Onkeltomstrasse 107. Member, ERR. Active in French libraries and archives.

Hagenow. Berlin, Jorchstrasse 81. Picture restorer used by Goering.

Ham, Frl. Berlin. Assistant to Frl Limberger. In charge of Goering Collection photographic file.

Hamann, Prof Dr Richard. Marburg, Wilhelmstrasse 50. Director, Marburg Institute. In charge of Fine Arts Photographic Commission under OKH in France, 1940-41.

Hamann-MacLean, Dr Richard. Marburg, Wilhelmstrasse 50. Son of Richard Hamann, Marburg Institute director. Appointed to staff of Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, 1940. Member, German Photographic Fine Arts Commission.

Hampe, Dr. Member, Kunstschutz for Crete and Salonika. Worked with Dr Jansen.

Hanesse, General Karl Friedrich. Commanding General of the Luftwaffe Paris, in charge of special Goering funds from which he paid all agents. Arranged for storage and transportation of art objects intended for the Goering collection. Personal friend of Goering.

Hanfstaengl, Frau Dr Erika. Munich or Berlin. Member of Kunstschutz for Italy. In charge of operations at Udine and Venezia Giulia. In touch with Himmler, Dr Frodl and Maria Dietrich.

Hartmann. Member of Devisenschutzkommando in Paris.

Hasembalg, Werner Grote. Paris, 5 ave Julien Pottin, Neuilly sur Seine. Tapestry and Oriental carpet dealer. Buyer in Paris for German museums and government officials. In Allied custody, 1945.

Hausen, Dr Edmund. Director of Kaiserslautern Museum. Director of Metz Museum during occupation.

Heck, O. Director Staatliche Bildstelle, Cracow.

Heidelberg. Architect, reported active in art looting in Warsaw.

Heim, Dr. Official in Bormann’s office. Often in Paris. In contact with Lohse, Wolffhardt, Holzapfel and Brueschwiller.

Hein, Karl. Professor at Konigsberg University. Active in removal of works of art from Poland to East Prussia.

Heinecke, Ernst. Berlin. Employee of Wendland.

Heinecke. Member of Goering’s staff. In charge of transporting Rothschild jewellery collection to Berlin.

Heintze, Frl Ursula. Member of ERR, Paris.  Assistant to Dr Borchers.

Heldrich. German officer. Reported implicated in looting of Chateau de la Tour, belonging to Count de la Moussaye, August 1944.

Hendricks. Frankfurt. Dealer who did business with Miedl.

Herbert, Dr. Member of ERR.

Herbst, Dr Hans. Vienna, Dorotheergasse 17. Director of the Dorotheum Auction House, Vienna. One of the chief buyers for Linz in Holland and in Paris, particularly after 1943. Close contact of Frl Hegeer and Lagrand.

Hermann, Dr Kurt. Berlin, Unter den Linden 67. Purchased part of the Rothschild jewellery and silver collection from Goering.

von Hessen, Prince Philipp. Sweden (?). Chief agent in Italy for purchases of works of art for Linz from 1940-42. Descended from Frederick III and also from Queen Victoria, he married Princess Mafalda, second daughter of King Victor Emmanuel of Italy. Internationally educated, practising architect and cultivated dilettante. Early Fascist and Nazi Party member, SA Gruppenfuhrer. According to an inventory of May 1942, a total of 40,179,742 lire (5,022,467.80 Reichsmarks) was expended by him in Italy for Linz.

Heydenreich, Dr Ludwig Heinrich. Berlin-Schoeneberg, Innsbruckstrasse 37. Director of German Institute, Florence, 1944. Worked with Evers, Lansdorff and Heise.

Hildebrandt, Major. SS member and alleged friend of Himmler, who is reported to have looted books from the communal library at Velletri and from the library of Princess Ginetti.

Himpsl, Rudolf. Munich, Schwanthalerstr 73. Photographer at Fuhrerbau of all objects received for Linz.

Hinkel, Hans. Berlin-Zehlendorf, Duppelstr 3. SS Gruppenfuhrer, in charge of propaganda for the troops. Specialist in Eastern European Jewish questions. Reported to have information regarding looting of Jewish art treasures from Poland.

Hinrichsen, Johannes. Alt Aussee, Austria, Villa Wassermann. Former partner of Lindpaintner and an early buyer for Goering. Close contact of Bornheim, through whom he sold objects to the Goering Collection.

Hirsch, Alfredo. Buenos Aires, 25 de Mayo 501/Casilla Correo 977. German/Jewish banker in correspondence with Frau von Pannwitz and contact of Miedl who may have sold pictures for his account. GIS connections.

Hirschberg, Baron. Reported to have received confiscated Jewish property in return for the use of his castle which was occupied by Mussolini.

Hirschberg, Frl Ilse. Member of ERR, Paris; secretary to von Behr.

Hoeckner, Walter. Zwenhau/Leipzig, Leipzigerstrasse 191. Represented Wolffhardt in Prague. Connected with attempted confiscation of Lobkowitz Music Collection.

Hoermann, Dr. Member of Kunstschutz, France. Responsible for St Germain area. Worked with Dr Kuetgens and Metternich.

Hofer, Frau. Wife of Walter Andreas Hofer. Official picture restorer for the Goering Collection.

Hofer, Walter Andreas. Nuremberg. Director of the Goering Collection, and Goering’s chief purchasing agent. In custody of US Chief of Counsel, Nuremberg.

Hoff, Dr Erwin. Reported active in looting of Cracow University.

Hupp, Dr H W. Official of Dusseldorf Museum, active as buyer in France.

von Ingram, Lt Hermann. Business manager of ERR, Paris, 1941. Later responsible for administration of entire art staff of ERR.

von Ingram, Frau (Frl Anne-Marie von Tomforde). Member of Paris ERR staff, who subsequently married Lt von Ingram.

Jerchel, Dr Heinrich (deceased). Active in ERR, Paris.

Jessel. Berlin, Unter den Linden 67. Representrative of the German Goldsmiths’ Workshops, in charge of the appraisal of the Rothschild jewel collection confiscated by Goering.

Kahlert. Berlin, Wilhelmstrasse. German manufacturer, reported to be one of Theodor Fischer’s principal contacts in Germany.

Kalbhen. Reported chief of the ERR branch in Le Havre.

Kalnein, Prof Count. Member of Kunstschutz in France. Worked with Dr Kuetgens.

Karlinger, Dr Hans. Munich, Knoebelstrasse 16. Professor in Munich Polytechnical Institute. Active in Poland in 1942.

Kattengel. Assistant to Goernnert; concerned with transportation and Goering’s special trains.

Keller. German architect, reported active in demolition and removal of installations from Polish Library, Paris.

Kerlen, Marline. Reported scientific assistant on OKH photographc team in France, 1941.

Keutmann, Major. Assistant to Lt Col Brauchitsch, Goering’s chief aide.

Kieslinger, Dr Franz. Vienna, Perchtsoldsdorf, Hochstrasse 133. With Plietzsch, chief professional member of the Dienststelle Muehlmann; chiefly active in Holland, also occasionally in France and Italy. Catalogued the Mannheimer Collection. Believed to have been interrogated by the Dutch services.

Kirsten, Dr (alias Alt). Member of Kunstschutz, Athens, 1941-44.

Kleinschmidt, Frl. Secretary to General Hanesse, Goering’s resident representative in Paris.

Klement, Dr. Reported to have visited Holland for ERR, January 1941, and later to have been active in Paris.

Kletzel, Dr Otto. Reported active in Prague, Poznan, Goluchow, Kornik and Liege.

Klihm, Dr Hans Helmut. Munich, Marziusstrasse 6. Worked with Bornheim.

Knab, Frl Anneliese. Secretary to Borchers and Lohse in the ERR, Paris. Believed in Allied custody.

Knauer, Gustav. Paris, 8 rue Halevy. Packers and shippers who, together with Schenker, shared the burden of removal of looted art from Paris to Germany. Main office Berlin, with subsidiaries in Breslau and Vienna. Director of the Paris office was a certain Depta.

Knothe, Dr. Secretary of the German Embassy, Paris and reported to have worked with Wuester on art matters for von Ribbentrop and possibly Goebbels.

Koch, Erich. Gauleiter of East Prussia and Commissioner of the Ukraine who not only gave Goering several pictures, but purchased confiscated art from the Goering collection.

Koehn, Lt Dr Heinz. Assistant to Rosemann in Kunstschutz, Brussels.

Koester, Hans. German Consul General in Venice, who acted as Goering’s resident representative.

Koettgen, Franz. German architect, active in Cracow in 1940, and reported to have removed valuable art works from the Royal Castle, Cracow, to Berlin.

Konrad, Karol. Nazi propaganda official, reported to have been responsible for the removal of books from Fort St Quentin in September 1944.

Kornatsky, Frau Grundtmann (deceased). Goering’s secretary before Frl Limberger. Died August 1942.

Koviak, Franz. Berlin, Ulhandstrasse 78. Shippers, semi-official forwarding agents for the German Foreign Office and the Nazi Party. Bombed out in 1944. Reported to have handled large quantities of looted art from the Occupied Territories of the East, i.e. Poland, Russia, notably the archives of Vilna.

Kraft. Karlsruhe, Swarzwaldstrasse 24. German ministerial counsellor. Reported responsible for the removal of religious art objects from the Diocese of Strasbourg, May 1944.

Kraft, Prof Dr Georg. Director, Prehistorical Museum, Freiburg. Reported to have worked with EBLE on Roman excavations in France during occupation.

Kraiker, Major Dr W. Head of Kunstschutz, Athens.

Krallert. German official reported responsible for looting works of art and documents of scientific interest in Russia and Italy.

Kramer, Brig Gen Eckhardt Richard. German Military Attache at Madrid, reported to have helped Miedl bring paintings into Spain.

Kraus, Dr Karl. Reported to have assisted in the removal of archives and engravings from Warsaw, in collaboration with Muehlmann.

Kress, Karl. Alt Aussee, Austria. Photographer for ERR, Paris and later active at the Alt Aussee deposit. Under house arrest, September 1945.

Kressin. Assistant to General Hanesse, Goering’s resident representative in Paris. Connected with storage of art objects.

Kreuter, Dr A. German financial counsellor in France, reported to have been involved in transfer to Germany of a Titian. A friend of Frl Eggemann of the ERR.

Kreuter, Major Lambrecht. Commanding officer, staff of Luftgau for Belgium. Goering’s resident representative in art matters.

Kribben. Secretary to the German military staff in Paris; reported to be connected with transport of works of art in Paris. Reported in French custody.

Krochmann, Frl. Assistant to Frl Limberger, Goering’s secretary and at one time in charge of photographic files of the Goering Collection.

Kroenig, Dr Wolfgang. Member of Kunstschutz, Belgium.

Kroske, Werner. Business manager of ERR, Paris before Greinke.

Kruckenberg, Major. Paris, Hotel Crillon (former). Resident in Paris at the beginning of the German occupation, and reported connected with art looting.

Krueger, Oberst. Commander of 71st Infantry Regiment and member of German Kunstschutz in Italy. Reported responsible for return of Oliveto deposit to Florence and connected with attempted theft of the Cranach Adam and Eve.

Krueger, Wolfgang. Berlin, Nikolassee, an der Rehwiese 4 Koelpinsee, Insel Usedom, Pommern. Former director of Lepke auction house, Berlin who became an independent dealer. Active as buyer in Paris. Used Schenker Co as shipper.

Kruess, Prof Dr Hugo Andreas. Berlin, Unter den Linden 38. Reported member of the German Kulturdirektion for French libraries and museums.

Kudlich, Dr. Reported member of the German Commission for the Seizure and Safeguarding of Treasures of Art and Culture in Cracow.

Kuemmel, Prof Dr Otto. Berlin-Dahlem, Arnimalle 23. Former General Director of Prussian State Museums. Active in ‘safeguarding ‘ works of art in France and Poland.

Kuetgens, Dr Felix. Aachen, Heinrichsallee 18. Member of Kunstschutz, Paris. Mentioned as also in charge of Kunstschutz in Serbia and Greece. Assisted by Wuester in art purchases in Paris.

Kuhne. Dresden. Industrialist, reported to have purchased the Goya Portrait of a Man from the Jaffe Collection, supposedly for the Grosshennig Gallery.

Kulig. Active in Warsaw. Reported connected with transfer of Polish art works.

von Kunsberg, Freiherr Johann. Berlin, Goeringstrasse 6. Commandant of the German Secret Police ((Feldpolizei) and Director of the Service Kunsberg (Colonne Kunsberg), the organisation formed on 17 July 1940 by Ambassador Abetz for the confiscation of works of art in France, preceding the ERR. Collaborated with Epting. Extradition requested by French Government.

Kuntze, Dr Friedrich Franz. Member of ERR, Paris.

Kunze, Prof Dr Emil. Professor of archaeology, Strasbourg University, 1941.

Kunze, Dr Herbert. Erfurt, Herderstrasse 40. Director of Staedteschen Museum, Erfurt. Reported active in France during occupation.

Kupers (possibly Kupper). Reported in charge of administration of the German Archaeological Institute in Rome; probably participated in the plan to transfer the German libraries from Rome.

Kuttlich. Tropau. Director of Tropau Museum. Worked with Barthel under Josef Muehlmann in repositories at Cracow.

Lammers, Dr Hans Heinrich. Berlin, Wilhelmstrasse 78. President of the Reichschancellery, Berlin, with the title of SS Obergruppenfuhrer. Responsible for financial transactions of the Linz Collection, and issued many of the official decrees relative to the confiscation of works of art.

Lang, Dr Gottfried. Reported archival adviser to Kunstschutz in Italy after January 1944.

Lang, Dr Ludwig. Grundlsee, Oberdonau, Austria. In charge of the staff of the Linz Library. The card catalogues for this library still exist in the Villa Castiglione, chief repository of the library.

Lange, Hans W. Berlin/Zoelendorff, Kleiststrasse 6. Successor to the Jewish dealer Paul Graupe, now in the US. Director of the important Berlin auction house which bears his name. Prominent in purchases and auctions of works of art acquired in occupied countries. Close contact of Haberstock, Lohse, Dietrich and other key figures. Father, Hans Lange, resident of Alt Aussee, Austria, Rischendorf 64. Secretary Anita Kahn at same address. In Russian custody, in a Luftwaffe hospital, Berlin.

Langeloh, Frau. Cologne. Dealer, active in France. Friend of Bornheim.

Langsdorff, Dr Alexander Dietrich. German archaeologist and one of the heads of Kunstschutz in Italy, 1043-44. Reported responsible for the removal of Florentine collections to German territory against the wishes of Italian authorities. In Allied custody, Italy, June 1945.

Leibbrandt, Dr Georg. Reported chief of Eastern Section of ERR, Berlin, and active in exploitation of Polish, Russian and Armenian cultural material.

Leiner, M. Constance (?). Curator of the Museum of Constance. Reported to have made numerous trips into Switzerland; possibly smuggled art objects into Switzerland for the SS.

Lempertz. Cologne. Art dealer who worked with Miedl. Bornheim once worked under him.

Lengerke, Frl. Secretary to General Hanesse and Lt Dillenberg. Concerned with administration of Goering’s art purchases in France.

von Lepel, Freiherr Dr Burkhard. Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Museum, Krefeld. Reported to have bought actively in Paris.

Leporini, Dr Heinrich. Vienna I, Augustiner-Bastei 6. Curator of the Albertina, Vienna. Reported to have removed anti-Nazi staff members and modern works of art from the Albertina.

Limberger, Frl Gisela. Nuremberg. Goering’s personal secretary. Detained as a (voluntary) witness by US Chief of Counsel, Nuremberg.

Lindpaintner, Paul. Berlin, Bellevuestrasse 5. Amateur art dealer with broad official and aristocratic connections throughout Europe. Former German cavalry officer. Wife stated to be distant relative of Portuguese premier Salazar. Paris agent of Possenbacher. Travelled extensively during war from Germany to France, Switzerland, Spain and Portugal. Contact of Alexander von Frey and pre-war partner of Hinrichsen. Mentioned in various shipments of antique furniture made by Schenker Co.

von Loehr, Prof Ritter. Vienna, Kunsthistoriches Institut. Director of all the collections of the Kunsthistoriches Institut after May 1945. Trustee of most of the Linz Coin Collection at present.

Loewenisch, Albert. Cologne Paris, 8 ave Victor Massel. Purchasing agent for the Gauleitung Dusseldorf-Koln-Aachen-Bonn, and one of the official representatives of German museums in France. Contact of Hermssen, Wuester, Weinmueller and Lange. Partner of Toulinot and agent for Bornheim.

Loffler, Fritz. German adviser for fine arts in the Department of Propaganda of the General Government at Cracow. Reported to have information regarding Polish art treasures taken from the Royal Castle and the Lasienki Palace.

Lohmann, Paul. Paris, Hotel Scribe, Room 611. Reported to have confiscated private libraries, and to have been concerned with the storage of libraries in Paris since 1940.

Lohse, Dr Bruno. Nuremberg. Deputy Chief of ERR, Paris. In custody of US Chief of Counsel, Nuremberg. Recommended for transfer to French custody for further interrogation and confrontation with French accomplices.

Martin, Dr Kurt. Karlsruhe, Stephanienstr 13. Former Director of the Kunsthalle, Karlsruhe and Director of all the museums in Alsace during the German occupation. Personal expert for Abetz. Active in Paris in acquiring works of art for German institutions by purchase. Widespread reputation as a man of integrity and strong anti-Nazi leanings. According to one authoritative source, however, he played a double game. Present whereabouts possibly Pfullendorf, on Lake Constance.

Matthiesen, Galerie. Berlin, Viktoriastrasse 33. Run by Heinz Mansfeld and Margarethe Noble, identified as part owner of Goudstikker Collection.

Matz, Dr Werner. Head of the German Institute in Rennes, 1942-44. Formerly head of the German Institute in Barcelona.

May, Frau Wismer. Zurich, Seefeldstrasse 90. Colleague of Wuester in the art section of the German Embassy, Paris. Ardent Nazi and well connected in high Party circles. Considered harmless by a British art looting investigation officer.

Meerkamp. Reported in charge of packing and shipping for ERR, Paris.

Meiners, Major. Brussels. Succeeded Major Kreuter as Goering’s representative in Belgium.

Merveldt, Count. German painter, reported to have been active in Kunstschutz, Rome. Not known to be involved in any looting.

Metternich, Prof Count Franz Wolff. Bonn, Blucherstrasse 2. Appointed in May 1940 by the German High Command as Director of Kunstschutz for France. In 1942, placed in charge of all Kunstschutz activities in France, the Netherlands, the Balkans and Italy. Universally regarded as having acted at all times with complete integrity, and as having shown the greatest sense of responsibility for the preservation of works of art. Opposed vigorously all German efforts to confiscate art of the occupied countries.

Meuren. Munich (?). Secretary and odd job man with Bornheim until April 1944.

Meyer. Munich, Planottastrasse. Dealer. Formerly with Lippmann, Berlin. Active in Prague. Sold to Linz and the Munich museum. In contact with Boehler, Buchner, Posse and Oertel.

Meyer, E I. Berlin, Jaegerstrasse 55. German bank used by Miedl.

Michel, General Ministerialrat. Head of the financial section of the German military government, and friend of Goering. Ordered the Devisenschutzkommando for France and Belgium to place its facilities at Goering’s disposition.

Miedl, Alois. Madrid Amsterdam, Heerengracht 458 (former). Bavarian financier and speculator. Personal friend of Goering and Heinrich Hoffmann. Purchaser of the Goudstikker Collection, of which 22 pictures were deposited in the Free Port of Bilbao, Spain by him in 1944. On Allied Expulsion List (Spain).

Mittel, Franz. Bremen, Am Sielwall 40. SA Sturmfuhrer and Kreisleiter of Bremen. Reported buyer of works of art and furniture in Holland. Possibly in Stettin.

Moebius, Prof Dr Hans. Member of Prehistory and Archaeological Section of Kunstschutz, Paris (1940-41), with rank of Oberleutnant. Reported captured in Normandy, June 1944.

Moeckel. Brussels, 31 rue de la Loi. Oberinspektor in charge of Brussels office of Devisenschutzkommando. In contact with Hofer.

Moellhausen. German Consul in Rome, reported to have worked with members of the German Archaeological Institute to protect Italian art treasures.

Mohl, Dr. Alleged Gestapo agent, reported to have been connected with the seizure of Baron Cassel’s collection.

Mohnen, Wilhelm Jacob. German national. Captured in Rome, 5 February 1945, after taking refuge in the Vatican. Minor Embassy official and espionage agent. Attached informally 1941-43 to the staff of Wuester in Paris. Some activity as intermediary in German art purchases and looting. Contact of Lohse, von Behr, Haberstock, Lange and Engel, and in social contact with the most prominent German museum officials and purchasing agents in France. Proceeded to Italy in 1943 on a mission unrelated to art activity. Uninformed on German purchasing or looting in Italy. In Allied custody, Rome, summer 1945.

Moltke, Lt Dr Count J Wolfgang. Reported to have been Referent fur Kunstschutz for Belgium.

von Mosch, Hans Georg. Captain. Reported to be notorious German agent in Switzerland. Under observation by Swiss authorities. In touch with Wendland.

Muechow, Dr. Responsible for all ERR activities in Western Europe from February to August 1944.

Muehlmann, Josef. Zell am See, Austria Berlin, Unter den Linden 27 (former). Half-brother of Kajetan Muehlmann, his agent and accomplice in Poland and his representative in Paris. Also active in Brussels, where he collaborated with Lagrand. Personally responsible for a substantial amount of organised looting activity in Poland. Recommended by this Unit for trial as a war criminal.

Muehlmann, Kajetan. Peuerbach, Austria. Austrian national. Leading early Nazi who held the position of Staatssekretaer and Fine Arts Minister under the Seyss-Inquart Anschluss government. Head of the official bureau for ‘securing and safeguarding of art and cultural treasures ‘ in Poland and Holland under Frank and Seyss-Inquart. Director of the Dienststolle Muehlmann. SS officer and the individual most responsible for organised German art looting in Holland and Poland.  Recommended by this Unit for trial as a war criminal, and for exploitation by the French, Polish and Dutch governments in connection with restitution matters. In American custody, 20 September 1945 at Civilian Internment Camp 7A, Peuerbach/Linz, Austria.

Mueller, Dr Georg Hermann. Director of Archives, Dresden. Reported to have information on Polish archives removed from Warsaw to Dresden.

Mueller, Dr Johannes. Reported active in France as scientific assistant on OKH photographic team, 1941.

Mueller, Karloman. Member of ERR. Reported to have served at Jeu de Paume just after the occupation and again in 1943-44.

Mueller, Dr Kurt. Gottingen, Dahlmanstrasse 10. German archaeologist, thought to have information regarding art objects removed from Polish archaeological collections.

Mueller, Dr Walter. Dresden, Reissingenstrasse 18. Director State Museum, Dresden. Reported to have information on looted Polish art works removed to Dresden.

Mueller-Scheld, Wilhelm. Oslo, Indremisjonshotellet, Staffolsgt 5 (former). German journalist and Nazi propaganda leader reported to have been head of Art Section, Propaganda Division, of the occupation government of Norway (1940-43). Chief of Cultural Division of the German Propaganda Office (1944).

Muewes. Paris, 5 rue Pillet Will (former). Inspector in Paris office of Devisenschutzkommando, 1940. Froze Renders collection in Belgium.

Muschal. Reported head of ERR branch office in Rouen.

Muthmann, Dr. Director of Museum of Krefeld. In contact with Wuester, Paul Cailleux, Dr Kurt Martin and Dr Hopp.

Nadolle. Berlin. German architect who purchased four Guardis from Frau Dietrich, presumably on behalf of Dr Robert Ley. Dietrich had acquired the pictures from Fabiani for Linz, but Voss rejected them as forgeries.

Neuffer, Dr Edward. Archaeologist from Bonn; reported head of Prehistory and Archaeological Section, Kunstschutz, Paris (1940-41).

Neugebauer, Prof Dr Karl Anton. Berlin/Dahlem, Koenigen-Luise-Str 670. German archaeologist of the State Museums, Berlin, who acted as consultant and cataloguer on Middle Ages for the Goering Collection.

Niedermeier. Administrator of property seized by the Reich in France. Connected with the purchase of the Mannheimer Collection.

Noack, Dr Werner. Specialist in architecture and sculpture of the Middle Ages, and Director of the Municipal Collections at Freiburg. Worked as art expert for ERR, Paris.

Nowotny, Dr Karl Anton. Reported to have been active in the Prehistorical Section of the Institut fur Deutsche Ostarbeit, Cracow, and alleged to have information concerning the removal of Polish prehistoric collections.

Nuss Reported to be a member of ERR, Paris. Connected with the removal of the David Weill Collection.

Oberg. SS Gruppenfuhrer and police leader in France, 1944. Reported to have attempted to obtain possession of the Bayeux tapestry. Believed in Allied custody.

Oertel, Dr Rudolf (deceased). Assistant in charge of paintings for the Linz Special Commission. Between the death of Posse in December 1942 and the succession of Voss in March 1943, he shared with Reimer the administration of the Commission. Called to military service in 1944 on the Russian front, and not heard of since.

Offer, Prof. Permanent finance officer of ERR, Paris who fled Neuschwanstein with Utikal in April 1945, reportedly for ‘unoccupied portion of Silesia ‘.

Otto, Prof Georg. Reported to be a member of ERR, Berlin and later in charge of card indices for ERR, Paris.

Paetow. Kassel. One-time member of ERR, later transferred to Rosenberg Office for Folk Studios.

Palezieux, Wilhelm Ernst. Neuhaus, Bavaria. Swiss national. Replaced Kajetan Muehlmann late in 1943 as official head of the ‘safeguarding ‘ activities of the Nazis in Poland.

Papritz, Dr J. Berlin/Dahlem, Archivstr 12-14. German archivist reported to be responsible for some of the damage inflicted upon documents and manuscripts from Polish libraries.

Pat-Zaade, Dr Robert. Berlin/Zehlendorf. Collector-dealer, active in Paris and Berlin. Sold to Lohse and in contact with Voss.

Paulsen, Dr Peter. Kiel, Kronshagenerweg 120. Professor of Prehistory and GIS member, who assisted Josef Muehlmann in establishing repositories for confiscated Polish collections in the National Museum and in Wilanov Palace, Warsaw.

Petersen, Dr Ernst. German history professor at Rostock University. Reported to have been active in removing Polish libraries, and to have been appointed Curator of Museums in Poznan and Pomerania.

Pevetz, Major. Vienna (?) Former professor at School of Fine Arts, Vienna who is reported to have been incharge of an art repository in France.

Pfannstiel, Arthur. Paris. German painter and dealer, resident in Paris before the war. Member of staff of ERR, Bordeaux and of GIS.  Friend of von Behr, for whom he is said to have acted as an informer. In touch with Wuester. Believed under indictment for espionage. Now in Fresne Prison, Paris in custody of Seine Tribunal.

Pfitzner, Dr Carl Heinz. Bonn, Koblenzstr 36 (1936). Member of Kunstschutz, Paris, 1940-41. Reported to have been connected with the seizure of the Wildenstein collection.

Pinder, Prof Wilhelm. Berlin, Neue Bayreutherstr 4. Professor of art history at the University of Berlin. Reported to have been in Cracow, and later at Lwow, 1942.

Planiscig, Leo. Florence, Via Masaccio 183. Art historian, dismissed from Kunsthistorisches Institut, Vienna by Dworschak. Fled to Italy, where he was in contact with Bellini and Hofer.

Plietzsch, Dr Eduard. Berlin, Meineckestrasse 9. Art historian and specialist in Dutch painting. Author of a book on Vermeer. With Kieslinger, most important professional member of the Dientstelle Muehlmann in Holland. Consultant for Dutch and Flemish painting to the Goering Collection, and reported involved in the confiscation of the Mannheimer Collection and the sale of the Mendelssohn Collection. Buyer and adviser to Seyss-Inquart. In custody in British Zone, September 1945. Believed interrogated extensively by the Dutch services.

von Poellnitz, Baron. Schloss Poellnitz, Aschbach (nr Bamberg). Wealthy Luftwaffe officer stationed in Paris during the occupation. Intimate friend of Haberstock, and his Paris representative. Helped Haberstock aryanise the Wildenstein firm; he provided lorries to move the paintings to Paris before the ERR could seize them. His mistress, Mme Jane Weyll, also was active in Haberstock’s behalf. Contact of Dequoy, Gurlitt and Lohse. Under arrest at Bamberg, autumn 1945.

von Pohl, Frau. Tegernsee, Bavaria. Assistant to Bornheim. In charge of some of his personal possessions.

von Pohl, General. Luftwaffe commander in Italy. Goering’s resident representative for art matters. Supplied agents with funds.

Pohl, Max. Assistant to Prof Karl Schmidt of Kunstschutz in NE France, stationed at Lille (1940-44).

Polhammer, Prof Dr Karl. Vienna, Albertina Museum. Austrian art historian and picture restorer, reported to have taken part in the looting of Polish collections and libraries.

Pommerhanz, Frau. Kaernton (?). Sister of SS General Globotschnik (deceased) who was in charge of Trieste zone. Employed as informer during confiscation of Jewish property in Trieste.

Posse, Prof Dr Hans (deceased). Formerly Director of the State Picture Gallery, Dresden. Was appointed by Hitler as Director of the Special Commission for Linz in 1939, and became the most important official purchaser of works of art for Germany from 1939 through 1942. Died Dresden, 7 December 1942. Succeeded by Voss.

Possenbacher, Fritz. Munich, Jahnstrasse 45. Art dealer, possibly active with two brothers, Anton and Otto, on behalf of Nazi Party for procurement of furniture in France, Belgium and Holland. Represented in Paris by Lindpaintner.

Pudelko, Georg. German art historian and son-in-law of G F Heber. Active in Florence before the war, and in Lausanne during the war. Reported in 1944 to be a member of the German propaganda organisation in Norway.

Puhl, Emil. Senior Director of the Reichsbank, and alternate on the Board of Directors of the Bank for International Settlements, Basle. Reported to have offered art objects valued at 150,000,000 Swiss francs in Switzerland as collateral for a loan.

Putz, Frl Ilse. Member of ERR, Paris. Secretary and mistress of von Behr.

Quantmeyer & Eicke. Berlin, Kronenstrasse 61. Importers of rugs, furniture and works of art. Angerer was chief purchasing agent and a director of the firm.

Rademacher, Dr Bernard. Bonn. Assistant at the Landesmuseum, Bonn. Agent for art purchases in France. Dealt with Leegenhoek, Postma and Rochlitz. In touch with Wuester and Plietzsch.

Radig, Prof Werner. Archaeologist, active in the Institut fur Deutsche Ostarbeit in Poland. Reported to have information concerning the looted State Archaeological Museum in Warsaw.

Rahls, Major. Officer of Hermann Goering Division. Reported connected with removal of art from Monte Cassino in Spoleto.

Randt, Dr Erich. Stettin, Birkenallee 8a. Reported to have been Director of German State Archives, Cracow and responsible for reorganisation of Polish archives.

Reber, Gottlieb Friedrich. Former German national, collector and art dealer, long resident in Switzerland. Hofer married his secretary’s sister. Deprived of German citizenship because of activity as a Freemason in 1943. Proceeded to Italy in 1941 as principal agent for Hofer on behalf of Goering. His wife still resides in Switzerland, although he has been refused a Swiss re-entry permit. Under house arrest, Naples, Italy, May 1945.

Reger, Hans. Munich, Central Collecting Point, Verwaltungsbau. Architect in charge of the Fuhrerbau, Munich (1938-45). Received and catalogued all works of art for Hitler’s museum, Linz.

Rehbock, Walter. Member of ERR, Paris. Succeeded Lohse in 1944 as head of art staff. Connected with Bammann and Apfelstaedt.

Reidemeister, Prof (Lt Col). Deputy Director of Kunstschutz, Italy. Responsible for the removal to German territory of Florentine art collections.

Reimer, Dr Gottfried. Dobeln, Saxony, Grimaisschestrasse 23. Administrative assistant to the Director of the Linz Commission from June 1941 until the end of the war, first under Posse, later under Voss. Not a Party member, and involved in only one known looting operation.

Reinerth, Hans. Berlin, Margaretenstr 17. Professor of archaeology, Berlin University. In contact with Prof Radig in Cracow (1942). Reported to have information about looted Polish prehistorical collections.

Reinhardt, Hedwig. Brussels. Member of Brussels office of ERR, January 1941.

Reusch, Dr. Metz. German architect, originally from Cologne, reported to have conducted Gallo-Roman excavations near St Pierre during the occupation.

von Richthofen, Freiherr. Berlin, Kurfurstendamm 52 Schloss Goerlsdorf, nr Angermuende. Reported to have bought numerous works of art in Paris, 1940-44.

Rieckmann, Oswald. Chief courier of the German Legation, Bern. Goering’s resident representative for art matters in Switzerland.

Ringler, Prof Dr J. Austrian superintendent of Monuments and Galleries for Bolzano and Trieste. In contact with Reidemeister and Bruhns. Reported trustworthy by Italians.

Rissmann. Secretary to the German Consul in Florence, Dr Gerhard Wolf. Goering’s resident representative in art matters.

Rittich, Dr Werner. Deputy editor of Kunst im Deutschen Reich. Connected with ERR. Assistant to Robert Scholz.

Rochlitz, Gustav. Art dealer, active in France prior to and during World War II in the interests of the Third Reich.  Chief participant in exchanges of paintings confiscated by the ERR, and important recipient of loot. Personal belongings and dealer’s stock stated to be at Todtmoos/Baden (in French Zone of Occupation), in the house of Edward Schupp. Possibly removed by Lt Loos of the French Army to Loerach-Schopfheim. Apart from Rochlitz’s many contacts in Paris, his two most intimate friends were E Ascher (rue Jacques Callot, corner rue de Seine) and M de Beurry (42 rue Ernest Cresson) formerly of the Paris police. Rochlitz has been indicated by the French Government (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier) and is presently confined at Fresne Prison, Paris.

Roehlig, Frl. Brussels. Member of Brussels office of ERR, October 1940.

Rosemann, Prof Dr Heinz Rudolf. German art historian in charge of Kunstschutz in Belgium. Concerned with protection of Michelangelo’s Virgin and Child, but reported not involved in its removal.

Rosner, Karl. Berlin. German dealer, active in Germany and Paris on behalf of Goering and the Nazi Party.

Rosskamp, Dr Werner Dietrich. Member of ERR, Paris. Later succeeded by Bammann. Reported also active in Russia. In Allied custody at Kogl.

Rudolph, Dr Hans. Berlin, c/o Lange, Bellevuestrasse 7 Berlin, Luetzewufer 13. Buyer for Linz who visited Holland frequently. In contact with Frank and Muehlmann.

Rudolph, Dr Herbert. German art historian who lectured at University of Strasbourg during the occupation (1942-44).

Ruehle, Dr Siegfried. Danzig-Oliva, Blucherstr 45. Art historian, director of museum in Poznan and member of Institut fur Deutsche Ostarbeit, Cracow. Reported responsible for looting and destruction of cultural material in Cracow University.

von der Rupp. Reported member of ERR, Paris, legal section.

Ruprecht, Dr Leopold. Expert for the Linz Armour Collection and Curator of Armour at Kunsthistorisches Institut, Vienna. Under detention at Zell am See, Austria.

Ruscheweyh, Rudolf. Sahaan, Lichtenstein. German national. Friend of Buehrle, and reported one of his agents for works of art in Paris. On Allied Proclaimed List for management of agency in Germany for Werkzeugmaschinen Fabrik Oerlikon, Buehrle & Co. SS officer.

Sarpok, Dr Gerhard. Berlin/Dahlem. Author and historian, active in the General Gouvernement. Collaborator of Dr Frey. Reported Gestapo agent.

Sauermann, Dr Hans Martin. Munich, Briennerstrasse 12. Director and partner in Boehler firm. Son-in-law of Julius Boehler Sr. Active in German art market during war, but not established as involved in looting transactions or purchases for German officials. Possibly in Switzerland.

Sayn-Wittgenstein, Dr Franz, Prince of. Reported member of OKH photographic team in France. Connected with Dr Stange and Hamann (1941). Assistant to Bunjes (1942-44).

Schacher. Chancellor of German Consulate, Palermo. Reported responsible for seizure of effectse from Czechoslovakian Legation, Rome.

Schahe. Berlin, Stabsamt, Leipzigerstr 3. In charge of architectural repairs and installations of sculptures and monuments of the Goering Collection.

Schedelmann. Reichenhall, nr Salzburg Vienna, Elizabethstrasse. Art dealer, active for Ruprecht in the acquisition of armour for Linz.

Scheibert, Dr. Art historian, reported member of the Fine Arts Commission in Rome (1944). Reported SS stormtrooper. In contact with Prof Evers.

Schweidwimmer, Jakob. Munich, Wagmuellerstrasse 15. Art dealer. Contact of Bornheim.

Schellenberg, Dr Karl. Hamburg, Bogenstrasse 43. German art historian, appointed head of National Museum and Library in Warsaw. Reported to have information regarding removal of Polish works of art.

Schemmel, Frau. Dresden (?). One of the secretaries of the Linz Commission.

Schenker & Co. Berlin, Ritterstrasse 98/99 Paris, 5 rue Mayran. Shipping firm of international reputation, with branches in the principal European countries. The most important German firm utilised for the packing and removal of looted art and art purchased by the Germans in the occupied countries. Directors of the Paris agency were Willi Bleye and Hans Wiederholt. Extensive documentation of its activities is available in the files of this Unit.

Schertel von Burtenbach, Kurt. Reported connected with Gestapo in Paris, and to have stolen some Fragonards there. Also reported active in Greece.

Schieder. Nazi. Reported connected with Galerie Fischer and to have exported works of art from Germany to Switzerland, and possibly to Argentina.

Schiedlausky, Dr Guenther. Fuesson, Bavaria & Berlin/Zehlendorf, Morchingersstrasse 121A (former). Art historian. Member of ERR, Paris. Chief custodian of ERR deposits in Germany. Under house arrest at Hohenschwangau/Fuessen, Bethanienheim, September 1945.

Schiel, Dr Hubert. Frankfurt am Main, Schutzonstrasse 2. German librarian, reported in Poland during the occupation.

Schille, Prof. Reported member of ERR, Brussels and Paris, 1940.

Schilling, Georg. Zurich, Spuelgenstrasse 6 Cologne, Komoedienstrasse 39 Markelfingen/Bodensee. Art dealer. Chief buyer for Linz in Belgium under Voss, who gave him a Linz certificate. Also active as agent for Goering.

Schinnerer, Prof. Schleissheim/Munich. A Breughel Ice Skaters, acquired by Weinmueller from Kajetan Muehlmann, reported to be in his house.

Schirmer, Prof Dr. Connected with ERR in Holland.

Schlag, Dr Gottfried. Bonn, Art Historical Institute. Reported member of the OKH photographic team in France under Stange and Hamann.

Schlegel, Colonel. Officer of the Hermann Goering Division. Reported connected with removal of art from Monte Cassino.

Schleier. German Consul General. Reported to have purchased works of art in France.

Schleiermacher, Dr Wilhelm. Archaeologist, member of the Kunstschutz organisation for France (Prehistoric and Archaeological Section), 1940-41.

Schmidt, Ernst. Berlin. Friend of Voss, active in acquiring objects for Linz in Germany.

Schmidt, Fritz. Berlin, c/o Quantmeyer & Eicke, Kronenstrasse 61. Chief assistant to Angerer. Suspected of moving securities and objects of art from France to Switzerland, and active in Switzerland and Holland on behalf of Goering.

Schmidt, Dr Karl. Tubingen, Waldhauserstrasse 43. Director of Kunstschutz in Northern France and Pas de Calais area (1940-44). Reported to have sent members of the ERR to the museum at Lille in 1942 to remove works of art.

Schmidt, Frl Marietta. Worked for Bornheim, 1937-45. Formerly employed by Weinmueller.

Schmidt, Dr Robert. Berlin, Schloss Museum. Tapestry expert and adviser to Hofer on the Goering Collection catalogue.

Schmidt-Staehler, Dr Albert. Director of the Western Holland branch of ERR and a member of the Berlin staff. Responsible for general confiscation, with no particular emphasis on art properties.

Schnath, Dr Georg. Archivist on Kunstschutz staff in Paris until 1944. Reported to have returned to Berlin archives removed to Paris by Napoleon.

Schnorr von Carolsfeld, Prof Dr Ludwig. Staff member, Schloss Museum, Berlin and advisor on porcelain for the Goering Collection catalogue.

von Schoenebeck, Dr Hans Ulrich. German specialist on classical art. Reported Director of Kunstschutz for Greece (1941-43). Reported in Paris with rank of Major (1944).

Scholz, Frau Johanna (nee Grossmann). Member of ERR, Berlin. Secretary to Dr Robert Scholz, whom she married in 1944. Under house arrest at Kogl, July 1945.

Scholz, Dr Robert. Peuerbach, (nr Linz), Austria. Director of the Office of Pictorial Art of the ERR, and after Utikal the individual chiefly responsible for the initiation and execution of policy for the art confiscations undertaken by the Rosenberg organisation. In custody 3rd US Army at Internment Camp 7A, Peuerbach (nr Linz), Austria.

Scholz, Rudolf. Chief photographer for ERR, Paris. Nephew of Dr Robert Scholz.

Scholz, Frau Ursula (nee Schoenemann). Member ERR, Paris, as photographer’s aide. Married Rudolf Scholz in 1944.

Scholz, Frl Vicki. Secretary to Gerhard Utikal.

Schrade, Hans. Reported chief of special mission section of the Reichskulturkammer. SS Standartenfuhrer.

Schrepel. German Consul at Milan. Goering’s resident representative in art matters.

Schroder, Dr Albert. German Director of the Alsatian Museum of Mulhause. Reported to have removed several paintings from this museum.

Schroeder, Prof Dr Hans Friedrich. Lubeck, St Anne Museum Lubeck, Schwartaner Allee 7. Reported Director of the Kunstschutz organisation for Russia.

Schrotter. Berlin. Assistant to Dr Gritzbach, chief of Goering’s personal staff.

Schubert, Dr Franz. Cataloguer of the Linz drawings and prints, and assistant at the Dresden Kupferstich Kabinett.

Schuhmann, Dr. In charge of the architects and contractors working on the Polish library in Paris. Reported to have sent furniture from there to the German Institute at Chartres and at Paris.

Schultz, Richard. Hausmeister of Carinhall. Only person besides Goering having access to his personal safe where his most valuable jewellery was kept.

Schultze. Berlin. Secretary to Dr Gritzbach, chief of Goering’s personal staff.

Schwartz, Dr. Reported assistant at German Art Historical Institute in Paris under Bunjes (1943-44).

Schweide, Prof. Member of ERR staff, Berlin.

Schweitzer, Hans (alias Mjoelnir). Potsdam, Albrechtstrasse 4. Connected with Deutsche Institut fur Ostarbeit, Cracow.

Schwinkowski, Walter. Reported Director of German Institute, Bordeaux (1943).

Seiberl, Dr. Vienna, Rennweg, Salsianerinnekloster. Connected with the Viennese Institute for the Protection of Monuments, and later employed at the art deposit at Alt Aussee.

Sieder, Karl. Alt Aussee, Austria. Berlin picture restorer, in charge of physical condition of all art works stored at Alt Aussee.

Simokat, Heinz. Member of the ERR Paris photographic staff for a short time. Returned to active military duty voluntarily.

Soheja, Dr Georg. German art historian reported to have been in Cracow and Lwow in the spring of 1942.

Speidel, Lt Col. German officer reported to have been connected with the seizure of works of art in France (1940). In contact with Abetz.

Sprockhoff, Prof Ernst. German archaeologist concerned with protection of monuments and fine arts in Norway and with German excavations there (1942-43). Believed in Allied custody.

Staffeldt. Paris, 5 rue Pillet Will. Chief of the Devisenschutzkommando for France and Belgium. Responsible through this authority for sequestering many private art collections in France. Active on behalf of Goering.

Stampfuss, Dr Rudolph. Member of ERR, Brussels.

Stange, Dr Alfred. Bonn University. 1935, member of Board of Directors of German Institute for History of Art in Paris. Assisted by Prof Hamann on the Photographic Commission. Member of Kunstschutz for France. Worked with Dr Hannema and Dr C Roell. Reported to have acquired tapestries for Goering, and to have been in touch with Rosenberg and Bunjes.

Stelzer, Dr. Reported active in organising Germanic museums in Poznan, Poland.

Stoehr. Alleged to have seized paintings and prints in France on behalf of the ERR.

Straus-Negbauer, Albert (or Tony). Berlin. Jewish friend and protege of Hofer. Sold some wood sculpture to Hofer for Goering in September 1942.

Strenger, Dr. Worked briefly with the ERR in 1941, cataloguing art objects. Previously connected with OKH special photographic team in Paris.

Stubbe, Dr Wolf. Hamburg, Kunsthalle. Keeper of Prints, Hamburger Kunsthalle. Interpreter with military administration in Paris (1944).

Stuebner, Frl Erna. Secretary to Lohse. At Fuessen (Bavaria), April 1945.

Teske, Major. Berlin. Assistant to Lt Col Brauchitsch, chief aide to Goering. Purchased from Goering a picture and some rugs acquired from the ERR.

Thomas, Bruno. Vienna. Custodian, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna (armour collections). Reported active in Poland.

Thorak, Prof Josef. Baldheim, near Munich. Sculptor, prominent under Nazi regime. Reported buyer of tapestires for Goering in France.

von Tieschowitz, Baron Bernhard. Griefswald, Georgenstrasse 6. Deputy chief of Kunstschutz under Metternich, and succeeded as director in Italy 1943. Pre-war record as founder of the Marburg History of Art Institute. Lecturer on scientific photography and not a Nazi. With Metternich, opposed vigorously organised confiscation proceedings in France and Italy and was consistently conscientious in his efforts to protect the art treasures of the occupied countries from destruction and looting.

Tintelnot. Reported assistant to Prof Dagobert Frey in Kunstschutz, Cracow.

Tost, Captain. Official historian of ERR, active principally in Berlin; occasionally in Paris. Brother-in-law of Utikal. Left Fuessen with Utikal in

Troost, Frau. Amateur dealer. Widow of the architect of the Fuehrerbau. Active as purchaser for Linz and personal adviser in art matters to Hitler.

von Troschke, Dr (Freiherr) Asmus. Reported conservator of art treasures in Cracow, and also head of Oswiecim concentration camp. Collaborator of Muehlmann.

Turner, Dr Harold. Used the Kunstschutz organisation, Paris, for early confiscation of Jewish property, in collaboration with Goering. But Hofer, Angerer, and Fritz Schmidt in touch with repositories where Jewish collections were stored.

Uhlworm, W. Restorer for the Schloss Museum. Worked for Georing collection.

Unger, Dr. Reported connected with ERR and to have been assisted by the Kunstschutz in Italy.

Unger, Alfred. Dresden. Restorer of newly acquired art for the Linz collection.

Unverzagt, Dr Wilhelm Hermann. Berlin, Prehistorical Museum. Prehistorian and consultant for antiquities for the Goering collection catalogue.

Urban, Gotthard Cornelius Karl. Berlin, Halensee, Paulsbornestrasse 92. Reported chief of staff to Alfred Rosenberg in ERR, Berlin.

Utikal, Gerhard. Head of ERR, Berlin. and chiefly responsible for policy concerning all art confiscations. in Allied custody (ISFET, Frankfurt), December 1945.

Valentin, F.C. Stuttgart, Koeningsbau, Schliessbach 613. Art dealer and German espionage agent. Contact of Hofer, Frau Schmidlin and Frl Schultess.

von Veltheim, Col. Air attache at German Embassy, Rome and Goering’s resident representative for art matters in Rome. Employer of Mohnen.

Vieweg, Frau. One of the secretaries of the Linz Commission at Dresden.

Vogel, Frl Dr. Member of ERR, Brussels.

Vollbach, Dr Wolfgang Fritz. Keeper of Early Christian antiquities in the Vatican and contact of Hofer.

Vollmer, Dr Bernhard. Dusseldorf. Director of State archives, DŸsseldorf. Archivist of Kunstschutz, Brussels.

Voss, Dr Hermann. Munich. Director of the Linz Special Commission, the Linz Musuem, and the Dresden Gallery from May 1943. Involved in the Schloss and Mannheimer collection (forced) sales, and the official chiefly responsible for Hitler’s looting and purchasing policies after 1945. In custody US 3rd Army, Munich, September 1945.

Waechter, J. Mayor of Cracow in 1939-40 under the occupation fovernment. Reported heavily involved in the looting of Polish museum s and churches and to have used looted objects ot decorate his own home. His wife an accomplice.

Waetzold, Wilhelm. Halle, Lafontainestrasse 33. Professor at Univeristy of Halle. Reported active in France and Italy during occupation.

Wagner, Prof. Dr Karl Heinrich Friedrich. Munich, Kellerstrasse 9l. Archaeologist. Reported active at University of Ghent, 1941.

Waldner, Josef. Art dealer, employed occasionally as agent by Voss. Contact of Mohnen. Active in France.

von Waldthausen. In charge of interior decoration of the German Embassy, Paris, 1940. Assisted by Wuester, 1942.

Waldum, Inspector. Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Institut. In charge of catalogue and records of the Linz gold coin collection, together with Franz Wieser.

Walther, Werner. Madrid, Zurbano 31. Reported to have bought art works in Spain, possibly for the account of the GIS.

Wankerl, Frl. Secretary to Borchers. Sent from Paris to ERR Dienststelle at Morano, Italy.

Weber, Frl Dr. Kogl. Research assistant in ERR, Paris. Friend of Scholz. In American custody at Schloss Kogl, Attergau, Austria, July 1945.

Weber, Walter. Bonn. Wealthy collector and close friend of Voss. Held a Linz travel certificate. Purchased six minor pictures in Paris for Linz.

Wegener, Dr Hans. Reported active in looting of private collections in Metz.

Weidhaas, Dr Hermann. Potsdam. Reported active in Cracow.

Weigand, Prof Edmund. Munich, University of Munich. Archaeologist. Reported active in Prague and at Mount Athos, Greece (1943). Worked with Prof Doelger.

Weinmueller, Adolf. Tegernsee, Bavaria Rosenstrasse 74 (Nov 1944). Owner of art auction houses at Munich and Vienna, through which passed many objects of art confiscated by the Dienststelle Muehlmann in Holland. Associate of Bornheim.

Welz, Friedrich. Salzburg, Galerie Welz. Baldur von Schirach’s personal agent for art purchases in France. Contact of Mohnen.

Welter, Prof Otto. Archaeologist. Reported member of Archaeological Institute, Athens (1944).

von Werden, Prof Dr. Reported member ERR, Holland (Jan 1941).

Werner, Joachim. Prehistorian. Professor of Archaeology, Strasbourg University (1943). Also active with Kunstschutz in Belgium.

Weyll, Mme Jane. Aschbach/Bamberg, Schloss Poellnitz Paris, 178 bis Blvd Berthier. Alsatian-born mistress of Baron von Poellnitz. Acted as purchasing agent for Haberstock in Paris.

Wickel, Major F Wilhelm. Counsellor of the German Legation at The Hague. Middleman for Posse in purchases for Linz, including the Lanz Collection


Wiederhold, Hans. Paris, 5 rue Mayran. Director of the French branch of the Schenker Co. Worked in close contact with the German Embassy, Paris.

Wieser, Franz. Vienna, Kunsthistoriches Institut. Together with Waldum, in charge of catalogue and records of the gold coin collection of Linz.

Winter, Dr Georg. Berlin. Archivist. Head of German Military Commission for Archives in France (1941). Reported member of ERR in Kovno, Poland.

Wirth, Dr Hans Ulrich. Fuesson, Bavaria. Art historian and photographer. Member of Kunstschutz and later ERR, Paris. Worked with Stange, Hamann and Schiedlausky.

Woehlermann, Major. Berlin. Assistant to Lt Col Brauchitsch, aide to Goering. Purchased from Goering a picture acquired through the ERR.

Woernike, Peter. Brussels. Member ERR, Brussels.

Wohlrabe. Dresden, Zoschaustrasse 6. Reported to have bought works of art in France during the occupation.

Wolf, Dr Gerhard. German Consul in Florence and Goering’s resident representative in art matters.

Wolff, Dr. Berlin, Deutsche Reichsbank. Architect connected with the Deutsche Reichsbank. Reported to have purchased various art objects in Paris during the occupation.

Wolff, SS General Karl. Responsible for the removal to German territory of Italian public and private collections. In Allied custody, June 1945.

Wolffhardt, Dr Friedrich. Grundlsee, Oberdonau, Villa Castiglione. SS Hauptsturmfuhrer. Librarian for Linz Museum.

Wordelman, Kurt. Chief courier of the German Consulate, Milan and Goering’s resident representative for art matters.

Worma. Reported head of ERR branch office at Bayonne.

Wrede, Dr Walther. Archaeologist. Director Archaeological Institute, Athens (1938). Reported head of all Nazi organisations in Greece.

Wuester, Adolf. Bernau, Bavaria Bonn Schloesel. Painter and amateur dealer, long-time pre-war resident of Paris. Chief agent in France for acquisition of works of art for Ribbentrop. Intimate contactws with von Behr and Lohse. Acted as expert for ERR on French 19th century painting. Appointed art adviser to the German Embassy on 16 July 1942, with the rank of Consul. Involved in two exchanges with the ERR. With Rochlitz, probably the leading intermediary for German official buyers in the Paris art market. Close contact of Bornheim, Dietrich, Bammann (among German dealers); Martin, Rademacher, Kuetgens and Goepel (among German museum buyers). Supplied with works of art primarily by Schoeller, Mandl, Leegenhoek, Raphael Gerard and Hotel Drouot. Close contact of Goetz, Rochlitz, Schoeller, Pfannstiel, Avogli-Trotti and the Duc de Trevise. Travelled in Switzerland, Sweden and Spain, purchasing works of art. Extradition requested by French Government.

Zahn, Dr Robert. Berlin. Archaeologist and consultant on antiquities for the Goering Collection catalogue.

Zaunkeller, Emil. Todtmoos/Baden. Works of art reported to have been found stored in his house. Possibly engaged in smuggling pictures into Switzerland.

Zeichel, Dr (or Zeitschel). Reported to have been connected with seizure of art objects in France, as a member of the German Embassy staff.

Zeiler. In charge of storing part of the Goering Collection in a large shelter in the Berchtesgaden office of Goering’s Stabsamt, in the final days of the war.

Zeiss, Dr. Member of ERR, Berlin, who temporarily replaced Brethauer early in 1944 as head of ERR, Paris.

Ziegler, Prof Adolf. Munich, Akademiestrasse 2. President Reichskammer fur Bildende Kunst, 1934-43.

Zimmermann. Berlin. Art historian. Consultant on French 18th century painting for the Goering Collection catalogue.

Zimmermann, Dr Ernst Heinrich. Nuremberg. Director, Germanic National Museum, Nuremberg. Reported in charge of Dijon and Bordeaux areas for Kunstschutz, France, 1940-43.

Zimmermann, Prof Francis Xavier. Representative of the Institute for Carinthian Research. Reported responsible for removal of archives from Gorizia. Believed in Allied custody.

Zinckgraf. Formerly bookkeeper and manager of the Bernheimer Gallery, Munich. Later became its owner. Sold to Voss for Wiesbaden.

Zischow. Antwerp. Head of ERR, Antwerp.

Zobel. Administrative officer in the Kunstschutz, Italy, reported to have taken two Cranachs, Adam and Eve, from Oliveto to Verona, where they were delivered to the Director of the Pitti Gallery. Reported also responsible for the transfer of the Gordon Craig Theatrical Archives from Verona to Alt Aussee, 1944.

Zopp. Librarian of Institute for Carinthian Research, reported to have arranged for transport of confiscated libraries from Trieste to Klagenfurt, July 1944. In Allied custody at Klagenfurt, July 1945.


Ader, Etienne. Paris, 16 rue Favert. Dealer who worked for the Germans during the occupation. Sold to Haberstock. Documentary evidence in Unit files.

Adrion, Philippe. Paris, 9 rue Bochart de Savon Villier sur Marne, 41 rue Dr Filloux. Dealer reported to have worked in the German Propaganda Office, Paris. Connected with Gurlitt, Rochlitz, Hoffmann and Petrides. Indicted by French Government (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier).

Aguilar-Lemonnier. Cannes, 109 rue d’Antibes. Spanish dealer resident in France, who worked with Lohse and Josef Muehlmann and possibly with Brueschwiller.

Albin, Marie. Paris, 145 blvd St Germain. Schenker Co documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Allais, J. Boulogne-Billaucourt, 1 rue Alfred Laurent. Schenker Co documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Allard, Baron Olivier. Paris, 59 blvd Exelmans. Close friend of Lohse, who tried to sell some of his pictures to Dr Rademacher and to Lange.

Altounian, Edgard. Paris, 17 rue Clapeyrou. Armenian dealer, active in France, specialising in Greek, Roman and Egyptian art objects. Dealt with Bornheim.

Ameublement Occasion. Paris, 7 rue du Bac. Schenker Co documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Andre. Paris, 15 rue Defreney. Schenker Co documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Andre, Pere. Paris, 35-37 rue de Seine. Reported to have assisted in the packing of 1,500 paintings which were sent from home of Postma to Germany.

Andrey. Paris, 78 rue de Rennes. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

d’Andria. Paris. Head of tapestry branch of Jansen firm. Reported to have sold two Aubusson carpets to the Germans.

Anet. Paris, 1 place de Breteuil. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Argontir, Prince. Paris. Sold to Haberstock; documentary evidence in Unit files.

Armilhon, M. Legal head of Bureau of Claims of the Commission for Jewish Affairs, Vichy. Reported involved in the Schloss Collection affair.

Art Ancien. Paris, 27 rue du Fbg St Honore. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Au Chevalier d’Assas. Paris, 1 place Alphonse-Deville Paris, 51 blvd Raspail. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

d’Atri. Paris, 23 rue de la Boetie Rome, 28 via Lima. Italian dealer and middleman, resident in Paris for many years. Dealt with Hofer and Muehlmann, and was in contact with G F Reber in Switzerland.

Aubry. Paris, 2 rue des Beaux Arts/68 rue Madame. Dealer, known through several sources including the Schenker Co files, to have dealt with the Germans during the occupation.

Bagues. Paris, 57 ave Raymond Poincare. Sold furniture to Germans for shipment to Cologne. Documentary evidence in Schenker Co files.

Baillet. Paris, 22 rue de Grenelle. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Balay, Roland. Paris, 58 rue de Vauzirard. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers. Associated with Louis Carre until 1940 when the partnership ended suddenly.

Ball, Alexander. Paris, 9 rue Royale Aix en Provence New York (?). German Jewish refugee dealer. Intermediary for Haberstock in the sale of pictures from the unoccupied zone. Also believed to have informed on the whereabouts of prominent Jews, notably Guy de Rothschild. Believed to be in the United States.

Barba (or Barbe). Paris, 55 rue des Saints-Peres. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Barreiro, A. Paris, 30 rue de Seine. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Bary, Madame. Paris, 25 rue de la Boetie. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Baudoin, Henri. Paris. Sold to Haberstock. Documentary evidence in Unit files.

Bayle, Marc. Paris, 76 rue d’Assas. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

de Beauperthuys, Simone le. Paris, 6 ave de la Grande Armee. Secretary of Alexander Ball and intermediary for Ball with Haberstock, to whom she offered pictures of doubtful origin. Also represented Fischer, for whom she signed a receipt to Bornheim in Paris, July 4 1941.

Beaux-Arts, Galerie des.  Paris, 10 rue des Beaux-Arts. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Bellagamba, Mlle. Paris, 3 quai Voltaire. Specialist in tapestries who acted as one of Hofer’s guides in Paris.

Beltrand, Jacques. Paris. French artist, appointed in 1940 by Goering, with the reported concurrence of the Louvre and on Bunjes’ recommendation, as ‘official appraiser ‘ for the French Government. Indicted by French Government (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier).

Benatov. Paris, 26 rue Campagne-Premiere. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Benazit, Henri. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Benedetti. Paris, 10 rue Belloni. Dealer. Connected with Goering’s art transactions (1942-44).

Benier. Paris, 36 blvd Haussmann. Assistant in the art firm of Stora. Took over the business in 1943 after Stora was forced to leave because of Jewish persecutions. Said to have been in constant touch with Stora after the latter’s departure. Prior to 1943 Stora had worked with Angerer, Hofer and Bornheim.

de la Beraudiere, Comtesse. Paris, 5 ave Montaigne. Extremely active amateur dealer, who sold to Hofer and Bornheim. Would accept only cash in payment. Introduced to Hofer by Reber. Frau Hofer had restored pictures for her in Paris in past years. On 4 April 1941, sold five paintings, one statue and one clock to Bornheim for FF 2,250,000.

Bernard, Mme. Paris, 15 quai Bourbon. Widow of the painter Bernard, who had a collection of her own and sold other objects on commission. Sold to Bornheim.

Bernard, Jacques. Paris, 12 rue Montolivet. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Bernheim Jeune. Paris, 3 rue Dosne. Well-known Jewish art firm whose collections were seized by the Germans. It is reported that two million French francs, two Renoirs and a Cezanne were sent by Jean Bernheim to Switzerland in 1944 through the Japanese diplomatic pouch.

Bernier. Paris, 73 rue Notre Dame des Champs. Reported to have bought in 1941 a Matisse apparently from the looted Rosenberg collection. Reported interrogated by French Government.

Bignou, Etienne. Paris, rue de la Boetie. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Birtschansky, Zacharie. Paris, 281 rue du Fbg St Honore. Dealer. Dealt with Hofer, Lohse, Josef Muehlmann and Dietrich. Partner of Mandl and Rochlitz. Indicted with Klein by French Government for receiving stolen goods (Seine Tribunal, Judge Jaquinot).

Bisson, E. Paris, 72 blvd Courcelles. Partner and ‘front’ for Hugo Engel, who was not permitted by the French authorities to maintain an art dealing establishment in Paris.

Blanc, Pierre. Paris, 5 rue Monge. Art expert. Worked for the Germans denouncing collections. Dealt with Haberstock. Escaped possibly to Switzerland; possibly to Turin, Italy.

‘La Bleviniere’. Nogent le Roi. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Blot. Paris. Dealer, dealt with Wuester.

Boitel, Achilles (deceased). Paris, 6 rue de Teheran/11 bis rue Ampere. Wealthy French industrialist and speculator, who acted as Wendland’s French agent after the Swiss made it impossible for him to leave that country. Chief financial figure in the Wendland, Lohse, Perdoux art dealing syndicate. Worked with Lohse and Hofer, and was a good friend of von Behr. Connected with Hofer in exchanges of Swiss and French francs. Open collaborator who was often in Germany before the war and spoke fluent German. Assassinated by the French Resistance.

de Bolli, Marquis Robert. Paris, 75 rue de Longchamps. French (?) national; part-time resident of Switzerland. Reported to have a group of French Impressionist paintings of questionable origin secreted somewhere in Switzerland.

Bonjean, Mme J. Paris, 29 bis rue Pierre Demours. Reported to have sold a picture by Manet from her private collection to Prof Foerster of the Wallraf-Richartz Museum of Cologne.

Bonnard, Abel. Minister of Education under Laval and fervent partisan of Franco-German collaboration. Conducted negotiations on behalf of the French government with Bunjes for an exchange of objects in the Louvre and the Goering Collection. Also collaborated in the seizure of the Schloss Collection. Reported in French custody.

Bonnefoy. Paris, ‘Au Vieux Paris ‘, 4 rue de la Paix. Reported to have had important collection of Russian Imperial silver, formerly owned by Mr Helft, antique dealer now in USA. Collection sequestrated by the French Government. In prison for complicity in another transaction.

Boris, Mme. Paris, 12 rue de l’Etoile. Friend of Wendland, and used by him as Paris contact.

Bosc, Mlle. Paris, 17 rue Jean Mermoz. Sister-in-law of Petrides. Reported to have held pictures from Jewish collections sequestered by the Germans.

Botton, Mlle Lucie. Paris, 8 rue de la Paix. Former employee of Seligmann Bros. Guided Hofer, Angerer and Fritz Schmidt to the French repositories where Jewish collections were stored. Also believed to have dealt with Hofer.

Boudin. Meulon, 5 bis rue Nouvelle. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Bouet. Paris. Dealer who sold to Bornheim.

Bourdariat, Albert. Paris, 100 rue de l’Universite. Specialist in decorative arts, reported to have served as an expert adviser to the Germans. In prison for collaborationist activity.

Bourdeau, Philippe. Paris, 3 rue Jacob. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Bregere. Paris, 1 bis rue Charcot. Tapestry restorer. Connected with Wendland, and acted as contact for Hofer in Paris.

Brimo de la Laroussilhe. Paris, 58 rue Jouffroy. Dealer who specialised in tapestries and objets d’art of the Middle Ages. Worked principally with Bornheim, and also with Angerer, Hofer, Josef Muehlmann, Dietrich and Haberstock. Acted as guide to Bornheim on his trip through unoccupied France in May 1941.

Broglio, Dr Carlo. Paris, 2 rue Cognac Jay. Paris contact of the Italian dealer, Commendatore, Luigi Bellini, whom the latter put in touch with Hofer.

Brosseron Marchand. Paris, 132 blvd Haussmann/45 ave Georges V/17 rue de la Bienfaisance. Specialists in 18th century French art who acted as intermediaries between Bornheim and many French dealers and collectors.

Brouard & Lagneau. Paris, 17 rue St Sulpice. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Brummer, E. Paris, 126 rue du Fbg St Honore. Operated the Paris branch of the Brummer firm during the occupation. Sold a 15th century stone Madonna to Bornheim. Brother of the New York art dealer.

Bryon, Pierre. Paris, 5 rue de Grenelle.  Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Buvelot. Paris, 9 quai Voltaire. Reported to have sold furniture to the Germans for shipment to Cologne. Documentary evidence in Schenker Co files.

Cabell, Serge. Paris, 66 bis rue Sebastian Mercier. Tried through von Poellnitz to sell works of art to Haberstock.

Cabrouste. Paris, 18 blvd E Quinet. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Cachouk, Joseph. Paris. Sold to Haberstock; documentary evidence in Unit files.

Cailleux, Paul. Paris, 136 rue du Fbg St Honore. Dealer in contact with Rochlitz, Wuester, Frau Dietrich, Haberstock. Knew Lohse, who claims to have freed his wife from a concentration camp. Authority on 18th century French art. President of the Art Dealers Association, Paris.

Calloigne. Paris, 4 rue de la Mission. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Camoin, Andre. Paris, 9 quai Voltaire. French art dealer who specialised in 18th century furniture and objets d’art. Dealt with Hofer and Angerer.

Carillon, J. Paris, 59 rue du Cherche-Midi. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Carlhian, Andre. Paris. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers. Reported to have been associated with Wildenstein.

Carre, Louis. Paris, 10 ave de Messine. Art dealer who specialised in French contemporary art and Negro sculpture. Dealt with Goering through Hofer. Met Hofer through Santo de Semo.

Catelineau. Paris, 6 rue Fertile Haine. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Chaleyssin. Nice, 1 rue de France. Reported to have dealt in stolen property.

Chalom. Paris, 38 rue du Fbg St Honore. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Champagne, Jean Marc. Paris, blvd Raspail. Art critic reported to have collaborated with the German Propaganda Section in Paris. Reported associated with Petrides.

Charpentier, Jean. Paris, 76 rue du Fbg St Honore. Sold to Germans through Josef Muehlmann. An exhibition held in March 1941 at his gallery was sold out to Goering. Angerer exhibited tapestries there at the same time which were also sold.

Chauvin. Paris, 33 rue du Dragon. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

du Chesne, Mme Chesnier. Paris, 83 rue de la Convention. Small dealer specialising in tapestries. In contact with Wendland, Angerer and Hofer.

de Chevreuse, Hotel. Paris, 18 bis rue d’Armille. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Claude, Galerie. Paris. Sold one or more of the pictures from the Schloss Collection for Postma, at auction at the Hotel Drouot, Paris.

Cloots, F G. Paris, 14 rue de l’Abbaye. Small dealer specialising in 17th century Dutch painting. In contact with Wuester and Hofer. Husband of Alice Manteau.

Cloup. Police agent who, with Lefranc and Favier, is reported to have presented the order for the confiscation of the Schloss Collection.

Coeffe, Maurice. Paris, 31 blvd Raspail. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Colin, Pierre. Paris. Occasionally acted as agent on commission for Frau Dietrich.

Comoglio. Paris, 22 rue Jacob. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Constance. Paris, 11 quai Voltaire. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Coquenpot. Paris, 6 rue des Eaux. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

da Costa, I. Neuilly. Sold to Haberstock; documentary evidence in Unit files.

Coupechoux. Paris, 15 quai Voltaire. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Cuvellier. Paris, 3 blvd Pereire. French dealer who sold to Goering through Bornheim.

Daber. Paris, 109 blvd Haussmann. Reported to have indicated to the Germans the whereabouts of Jewish collections in France. Alleged to have held a German pass which permitted him to travel throughout France during the occupation.

Darboy, Mme Rosie. Paris, 25 quai Voltaire. Took over the business of the dealer Schutz, formerly at above address. Sold to Bornheim and Hofer and worked with Angerer and Josef Muehlmann. Specialist in textiles.

Decour, A. Paris, 28 rue Francois Premier Rolleboise (nr Bonniere, Seine et Oise). Architect and interior decorator, reported in contact with many German architects, and to have sold the Bagatelle Ceiling by Fragonard and Grouze to Bornheim.

Dehoux. Paris, 54 rue Bonaparte. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Delcleve, Louis. Nice. Sold to Haberstock; documentary evidence in Unit files.

Delprat. Paris, 15 rue du Cherche-Midi. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Demandolx, Count. Marseille. Sold a Fouquet to Hildebrandt Gurlitt for Linz through Hermssen for FF 800,000 of which Hermssen received FF 300,000.

Dequoy, Roger Louis Adolphe. Paris, 57 rue de la Boetie/140 rue du Fbg St Honore. Pre-war employee of Wildenstein & Co, who took over the Wildenstein interests at the time of the firm’s ‘aryanisation ‘ as Dequoy & Co in May 1941. Acted as intermediary between Georges Wildenstein and Haberstock in effecting the change of legal ownership. Closely connected with Haberstock, Fabiani, Engel, Destrem, Boitel and Jane Weyll. One of the most important collaborationist dealers. Recognised as such widely through his participation in the sale of the two Nicolas Rembrandts to Haberstock for Linz. Indicted by French Government (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier).

Destrem, Georges. Paris. Worked with Dequoy in attempting to acquire the Schloss Collection for Haberstock, and involved with Dequoy in the sale of two Rembrandts belonging to Nicolas to Linz via Haberstock. Indebted to Haberstock for his efforts in behalf of Destrem’s stepson, Palitzyne, a prisoner of war.

von Dinglage. Paris, 18 rue Auguste Vacquerie. Cousin of von Behr who was used by Wendland and Boitel to inform the ERR of the whereabouts of some of the Jewish art collections in France. Not directly connected with ERR.

Donath, Etienne. Paris, 14 rue Milton. French dealer who worked with Bornheim and Josef Muehlmann.

Doucet. Paris, 94 rue du Fbg St Honore/27 rue du Fbg St Honore/place Beauveau. 94 rue du Fbg St Honore/27 rue du Fbg St Honore/place Beauveau

Drouand David. Paris, 52 rue du Fbg St Honore. A painting from the Paul Rosenberg collection was reported to have been seen in his gallery during the occupation.

Drouot, Hotel. Paris, 6 rue Rossini. Most important art auction firm in Paris, which was allowed to operate during the occupation. Used by the Germans and collaborationist French dealers.

Dubourg, Jacques. Paris, 126 blvd Haussmann. Schenker Co documents indicate sales to German buyers. Possibly a member of the French Surete Nationale, who was reported to have indicated Jewish collections to the Germans in Paris.

Dubreuil, J. Paris, 33 blvd Raspail. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Ducher. Paris. Legal Commissioner for Judicial Delegation. Reported in February 1945 to have been suspended from his job for collaboration with the ERR, and to have destroyed all his records, containing lists of works taken by Goering, in August 1944.

Dupont. Paris, 4 rue de Rome. Used by von Behr to put up certain pictures from the ERR for auction at the Hotel Drouot in 1943. Reported associated with the Vicomte Foret-Divonne.

Dupuy. Paris, 4 rue Jacob. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Durand-Ruel. Paris, 37 ave Friedland. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Duthey, Jean Paul Louis. Paris, 9 rue Crevaux. Involved with Dequoy in the disposition of a Goya portrait from the Jaffe collection which he claimed to have exchanged with Rochlitz. Indicted by French Government (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier).

l’Elysse, Galeries de. Paris, rue du Fbg St Honore. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Engel, Herbert. Nice, 70 blvd Francois Grosse (formerly blvd Gambetta) Switzerland (?). Austrian Jewish refugee dealer, son of Hugo Engel. Acted as agent in unoccupied France for Haberstock and his father Hugo Engel. In contact with August L Mayer, Arthur Goldschmidt, O Simon. Probably now in Switzerland; whereabouts known to his sister, Dolly Feierabend.

Engel, Hugo. Paris, 22 blvd Malesherbes/72 blvd des Courcelles. Austrian Jewish dealer, active in France and Switzerland in official German interests. Close collaborator of Wendland and Loebl, and Haberstock’s chief Paris agent. Associated in Switzerland with Max Glant; father of Dolly Feierabend of Zurich. Ran Paris shop through Bisson, a Frenchman.

Engrand (Lengrand?). Paris, 124 ave Victor Hugo. Reported to have purchased from Lefranc a Pissarro from the Bauer collection.

Erlich, Andre & Jacques. Brothers. Alleged Vichy and German agents. Reported to have fled to Geneva after the Allied occupation of France, and to have returned to France in the autumn of 1944. Reported to have sold a collection of modern French paintings belonging to the Wertheimer brothers, to Fabiani, who in turn sold it to the Germans at a great profit.

Fabiani, Martin. Paris, 26 ave Matignon. Corsican adventurer, gigolo and race track tout, who married the daughter of a wealthy banker. Became a friend and protege of Ambrose Vollard, who named him an executor of the estate, a large part of which he still owns. With Dequoy, the arch-collaborationist of the Paris deler milieu. Received looted objects from the ERR by undetermined means. Has personally returned 24 pictures to Paul Rosenberg, from whose collection they were looted by the ERR. When last interviewed, stated that his relationship with Rosenberg was now (January 1946) on a ‘new basis ‘ because they had come to an agreement which concerned Fabiani’s property in the USA. Indicted by the French Government for embezzlement of the Wertheim collection and for attempts against the security of the state. In January 1946 fined FF 146,000,000 (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier).

Fabre. Paris, ‘Au Joli Bibelot ‘, 81 blvd Raspail. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Feral, J. Paris, place Vendome. Had a close business connection with the French art dealer Pierre Dandry, who worked with Bornheim and Lohse.

Feuve, R. Paris, 20 rue de la Chaise. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Foret Divonne, Raoul Vicomte de la. Paris, 44 rue du Bac Vineuil St Firmin. Amateur dealer who sold extensively to the Germans during the occupation. Is believed to have been a receiver of looted works of art passed on to him clandestinely by the ERR. Worked with Charles Mignonet and M Dupont. Dealt with Bornheim.

Fouloux. Paris, 23 rue Boissy-Angles. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Frank. Paris, 8 rue Ernest Renan. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Gaillard. Paris, 8 rue Ernest Renan. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Gairac, Georges. Paris, 17 rue de Seine. French art dealer who sold to Wuester and Bornheim.

Garin, Ernest. Paris, 9 rue de l’Echelle. Formal proprietor of the Galerie E Garin, aryanised in this name by Ali Loebl. The Garin firm actually succeeded Kleinberger’s and under Loebl becamse centre of the informal dealers’ syndicate composed of Wendland, Perdoux, Boitel, Dequoy, etc. Garin personally played a relatively minor part in the business of the firm during the occupation. Indicted by French Government (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier).

Geladakis, B. Paris, 1 rue Milton. Dealt with Bornheim. Specialist in sculpture and objets d’art. Sometimes sold on commission.

Gerard, Mme Dr. Paris, 20 rue Petrograd. Dealer who sold only on commission. Met Hofer through Santo de Semo.

Gerard, Raphael Louis Felix. Paris, 4 ave de Messine. Dealt in confiscated pictures; main source of supply to Wuester and other German buyers. Indicted by French Government (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier).

Gerard, Mme Renee. Paris, 14 rue de St Simon. Widow of the architect Dreyfus and specialist in tapestries, who acted as intermediary between French collectors and the Germans. In daily contact with Bornheim. Also worked with Lohse, Hofer, Josef Muehlmann and Frau Dietrich.

Ghirardi. Paris, 33 blvd Raspail. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Gillet, Mme. St Germain, 6 rue de l’Echaude. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Gobbert. Paris, 6 rue Rochebrune. Police officer reported to have been attached to ERR.

Gobin, L H. Paris, 97 rue du Bac. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Gobin, R Maurice. Paris, 1 rue Laffitte. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Goldschmidt, Arthur. Havana, Cuba. German Jewish refugee dealer, resident in Cannes from July 1940 to August 1941, when he left for Spain and Cuba. Contact of Haberstock, Fischer, Loebl and Wendland, to whom he is known to have sold.

de Gourko, D. Paris. Sold to Haberstock, documentary evidence in Unit files.

Gouvert. Paris, 18 rue Fourcroy. French dealer specialising in sculpture and expert consultant to the Louvre. Dealt with Hofer, Bornheim, Angerer and Josef Muehlmann, and visited personally by Goering.

Graefin. Sold to Haberstock; documentary evidence in Unit files.

Gras, E. Accountant and administrator of the Wildenstein collection who is reported to have given Engel access to the collection.

Grassier, la Maison. Paris. Reported to have supplied packers to ERR, Paris, 1942.

Grosvallet, Edouard. Paris, 128 blvd Haussmann. Report from French source states collection of art objects seized by the Germans in July 1944. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Gruel, Leon. Paris, 148 rue du Fbg St Honore. Specialist in rare bookbindings, and occasional dealer in art. Dealt with Erhardt of the Offenbach Leather Museum and with Bornheim.

Guichet, L. Paris, 62 rue du Ranelagh. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Guidoux, Mme. Le Chesnay, Seine et Oise, 1 ave Belle Vue. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Guiraud Freres. Paris. Sold to Haberstock; documentary evidence in Unit files.

Guynot, Henri. Neuilly Paris, 178 rue du Fbg St Honore. Gallery directed by Perdoux. Dealt with Hofer and Lohse. Sold to Haberstock; documentary evidence in Unit files.

Halim Bey, Melhame. Paris, 113 rue de Grenelle. Dealer and middleman, who dealt with Bornheim and Josef Muehlmann. Offered Goya portrait to Haberstock through Dequoy.

de Haucke, Cesar Monge. Paris, 14 rue du Cherche-Midi. Dealer active in Paris and New York before the war. Active in Paris during the occupation; in contact with Wuester, Haberstock and Hofer; documentary evidence in Unit files.

Heim, Mme Georges. Paris, 3 rue Dugnay-Trouin. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Helfer, Henry. Paris, 17 rue Louis David. Restorer who occasionally had pictures on commission. Worked for Wendland, and in contact with Hofer.

Herel-Eudeline, Mlle Jeanne. Neuilly, 3 bis rue du General Delanne. Relative of Lefranc from whom she is reported to have purchased a dozen pictures from the Bauer collection.

Hermssen, Theo Jr (or Derek) (deceased). Paris, Entel Jersey, 5 rue de la Grande Bateliere The Hague, Zeestraat 55. Dutch dealer, resident in Paris. Acted as agent for Hildebrandt Gurlitt. Knew Engel and Ward Holzapfel. Associated with Arturo Reiss, Leegenhoek and Lagrand. Died in 1944 in Paris.

Hindamian. Paris, 14 rue des Pyramides. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Holzapfel, Ward. Paris, 45 ave des Peupliers Vaucresson, chateau des Grands Huguenots. German American collector-dealer. Worked consistently throughout the war in the German interest. Expert in Dutch painting of the 17th century. Accomplice of Bruesch-Willer. Close contact of Hofer, Gurlitt, Plietzsch, Heim, Yousoupff and Mohnen. Adviser to Goepel on purchases for Linz. Married (1) Elsie Schmidt, separated; (2) Marie Trew. Left France for New York on 9 October 1945, having given order to ship his collections to the USA. These have been blocked provisionally by the French Government.

Indjoudjian, M A M. Paris, 26 rue Lafayette. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Isarlow, Georges. Paris, 15 rue Jacob. Art historian. Maintains a complete file of all paintings in the world. Has complete records of all art auction sales. During the occupation worked with Hofer and Katz.

Jacquin. Paris, 110 blvd de Clichy. French police inspector reported to have worked for ERR.

Jaime, Gil. Paris, 5 rue Liancourt. Miedl’s chauffeur at Hendays. Reported to have been interned briefly but now liberated and living in Paris.

Janningk van Heek, E. Member of well known Dutch family, involved in banking activities in Paris during the occupation. Reported to have sent two Corots from the looted Bernheim collection to his mother-in-law, Mme Veraguth, in Zurich.

Jansen. Paris, 9 rue Royale. Internationally known firm of decorators, headed by Stephan Boudin. Reported to have sold FFr42,432,418 worth of antique furniture to German interests, and to have redecorated the Reichsbank in Berlin.

Jansson, Mme Margot. Prominent collaborationist, instrumental in obtaining works of art for German purchase.

Jonemann. Paris, 24 rue d’Enghien. Transport firm, reputed to have removed 48 cases of art works for the ERR from Rothschild house at 14 rue Leroux, Paris.

Joret. Paris, 30 rue des Sts Peres. Small dealer specialising in medieval art. Sold to Muehlmann for Goering.

Josephine, Mme. Paris, 1 rue Bonaparte. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Jurschewitz, Paul A. Neuilly, 77 rue Charles Laffitte. Russian refugee middleman for Dietrich, Bornheim, Muehlmann, and Haberstock. Believed to have worked on commission.

Kalebjian, Irene. Paris, 52 bis ave d’Iena. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers. One of Wuester’s chief sources.

Kellermann, D. Paris, 13 square de Port Royal. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Kennedy et Cie. Paris, 33 rue Bonaparte. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Klein. Paris, rue Pantievre. Bought several ERR-confiscated paintings from Rochlitz. Indicted with Birtschansky by French Government for receiving stolen goods (Seine Tribunal, Judge Jaquinot).

Knoedler et Cie. Paris, 17 place Vendome/22 rue des Capucines. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Kruger, Mme. Paris, 53 ave Foch. Sister-in-law of Petrides. Reported to have hidden pictures he obtained from the Germans.

Kuehne & Nagel. Paris. Shipping firm used by Rochlitz.

Lamarthonie. Bordeaux, 17 cours du Chapeau Rouge. Shipper reported to have been hired by Paul Rosenberg before his departure for America to hide paintings and objects at Floirac la Souys near Bordeaux.

Lamberg, Mme. Paris, 1 rue Chardin. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Landry, Pierre. Paris, 1 rue Chardin. Dealer, worked with Bornheim and Lohse. Had close business connections with J Feral. In contact with Plietzsch and Rochlitz. Used Loebl and others for concealment.

Larcade, Edouard. Paris, 38 ave du General Joggre St Germain en Laye, 39 rue de Mantes. Collector. Nephew of Mmr Lelong. Worked with Hofer and Bornheim.

Lebrun. Paris, 155 rue du Fbg St Honore. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

de Leche, Alain. Paris, 34 rue la Fontaine. Agent and middleman between French collectors and German buyers. Knew Mme Boris. Worked with Wendland.

Ledoux, M & Mme. Floirac la Souys, naer Bordeaux. Owners of castle where part of the Paul Rosenberg collection was hidden. Suspected of participation in its disposal.

Leegenhoek, M O. Paris, 1 rue de Rennes/230 blvd Raspail. Belgian national. Prominent restorer and subsequent dealer who sold extensively to Hofer, Lohse, Wendland, Wuester, Dietrich, Haberstock, Miedl, Goepel and the great majority of important German purchasers. Formerly associated with Lagrand, and connected with van der Veken and Renders in Belgium. Believed still to be in Paris. Possibly active in Wendland’s behalf.

Lefranc, Jean Francois. Paris, 9 quai Voltaire/26 ave du President Wilson. Leading collaborationist dealer. Vichy-appointed administrator of the Schloss Collection, and personally responsible for its liquidation; also for the liquidation of the Simon Bauer collection. Close contact of Lohse, Goepel and Postma. Informant and intermediary for other German buyers. Indicted by French Government (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier) and under arrest in Paris.

Leleu, J. Paris, 65 ave Victor Emmanuel II. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Lemaire, Charles. Paris, 7 rue Caumartin. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Lematte, Mme. Paris, 14 rue St Sulpice. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Lenthal. Paris, 32 ave Matignon. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Leonardi, Edouard. Paris, 8 ave de Friedland/blvd Haussmann. Architect and dealer. Worked with Hofer, Lohse, Josef Muehlmann and Bornheim, through whom he sold several pieces to Goering collection. Worked on commission for Gruel and other dealers. Indicted by French Government (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier).

Leonardi, Leon. Paris, 29 blvd Raspail. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Lequay. Paris, 4 rue des Bourdonnais. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Leroux, Henri. Paris, 4 ave Mirabeau. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Leroy. Paris, 4 rue du Fbg St Honore. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers. Reported in contact with Wendland and Fisher. Possibly now in Switzerland.

de Lestang. Paris, 44 rue du Bac. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Leurele, Alfred. St Ouen, 99 rue des Rosiers. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Levy, Mlle. Paris. Dealer. Bought ERR-confiscated paintings from Rochlitz, 1941-42.

Lienhardt. Collaborationist Paris commissioner of police. Reported involved in Goering’s activities. In French custody at Drancy (November 1944).

de Loddere, F. Paris, 26 blvd Raspail. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Loebl, Ali (Allen). Paris, rue des Pyramides/9 rue de l’Echelle/34 quai de Passy. Dealer, of Austro-Hungarian Jewish descent. Director and leading spirit of the firm Kleinberger & Co, ‘aryanised ‘ under the name of E Garin during the war. Centre of the informal art dealing syndicate comprising Wendland, Perdoux, Mandl, Boitel, Dequoy, Engel. Sold chiefly to Lohse, Hofer and Haberstock, for whom he travelled as agent in unoccupied France. Contact of Mohnen, Landry, Mestrallet. Indicted by the French Government (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier).

Loebl, Manon. Paris, 9 rue de l’Echelle. Brother and partner of Ali Loebl. Twice freed from a concentration camp through the efforts of Lohse.

Longy. Neuilly sur Seine, 80 rue de Longchamps. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Louviot. Neuilly sur Seine. Reported to have bought several Bauer Collection pictures from Lefranc.

‘Lustrerie d’Art et Lumiere ‘. Paris, 137 rue de Sevres. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Makowski. Paris. Associate of Birtschansky and Mandl. Dealt with Lohse and the German museums.

Mandl, Victor. Paris, 9 rue du Boetie. German refugee dealer, formerly active in Berlin. Highly important figure in German art purchases in Paris. Close contact of Wendland, Dietrich, Voss, Goepel, Muehlmann, Lohse, Loebl, Perdoux, Birtschansky and Wuester. Indicted by French Government for collaborationist activity.

Mann. Commissaire General de la Correze. Reported involved in confiscation of the Schloss Collection.

Manteau, Alice. Paris, 14 rue de l’Abbaye. Small dealer. Personal contact of Hofer, Postma and Lange. Related to Louis Manteau of Brussels. Wife of F G Cloots.

Maquet. Paris, 69 rue des Sts Peres. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Maratier, Georges Charles. Indicted by French Goverment (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier) for collaboration with the Germans in art transactions.

Martin, Lucien. Paris, 5 rue Duparre. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Mathey, Jacques. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Matis. Paris, 5 ave Montaigne. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Matzneff, Nicolas. Indicted by French Government (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier) for collaboration with the Germans inart transactions.

Mauler. Paris, 2 rue Rotrou. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Mayer, August L (alias Antoine, Henri) (deceased). Well known Jewish art expert and authority on Spanish painting. Consulted by Lohse, Wendland, Herbert Engel and others on purchases. Disappeared in 1944. Believed murdered by the SS in the gas chambers. Used cover name ‘Antoine ‘ for negotiations with the Germans.

Mayeux, Roland (alias Mahieu, Jules Alfred). Secretary to Boitel. Agent for Hofer. Presently under interrogation by the French.

Meder. Paris, ‘Au Moyen Age ‘, 27 blvd des Batignolles. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers. Worked with Bornheim and Josef Muehlmann.

Meller, Prof Dr Simon. Paris, 3 rue du General Appert. Hungarian art historian and dealer, long resident in Paris. Specialist in drawings. Worked with Bornheim and Josef Muehlmann. Knew Hofer through Wendland. Sold to Haberstock; documentary evidence in Unit files.

Mestrallet, F. Paris, 22 ave Matignon. Small dealer in contact with Lohse; worked through Loebl; sold to Hofer.

Meunier-Batifaud, Mme. Paris, 38 blvd Raspail. Well known tapestry dealer. Worked with Bornheim, Angerer and Josef Muehlmann. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Michel, Charles. Paris, 12 ave de Tourville. Dealer. Large concern, specialising in 18th century furniture and painting. Reported by French and German sources to have dealt extensively with the Germans during the occupation. Believed to have been one of the financial backers of the Wendland-Boitel-Loebl group. Sold two Bronzino portraits to Haberstock for FFr2,000,000. Ali Loebl and Garin served as intermediaries. Also sold important items to Maria Dietrich. Has been interrogated by the Police Judiciare but not indicted.

Middegaels, R. Paris, 12 blvd Raspail. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Mignonet, Charles. Paris. Dealer. Associated with Dupont and Foret Divonne in clandestine sale of ERR objects received from von Behr, stored in a rue de Tilsitt warehouse.

Mioche. Paris, 42 rue Bonaparte. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Mockers. Nice, ave de la Victoire. Worked for Brueschwiller. Bought from Thierry.

Moinot, Paul. Paris, 7 rue Bonaparte. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Monni. Paris. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Montag, Charles. Sevres Meudon Val Fleury, 72 rue de Paris. Swiss; naturalised French. Artist and dealer. Strongly implicated in German activity in Paris. Associate of Dequoy. Close contact of Wuester and Wendland. Involved in the ‘aryanisation ‘ of the Bernheim Jeune and Wildenstein firms, and believed to have been in frequent contact with Buehrle and a number of Swiss dealers. Instrumental in the sale of several looted pictures to Swiss clients. Former drawing master of Winston Churchill and has professed strong Allied sentiments.

Moreno, Lucas. Paris, 28 rue de la Victoire. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Mueller, R. Paris, 11 rue Jean Ferandi. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Nasenta, Raymond. Paris, 78 rue du Fbg St Honore. Director of Charpentier Gallery.

Nesling. Paris, 14 bis rue Jean Mermoz. Bought three Bauer Collection paintings from Lefranc.

Neuville & Vivien. Paris, 90 rue du Fbg St Honore/place Beauveau. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Nicolas, Etienne. Well known wine merchant who sold his two Rembrandts to Haberstock for Linz, through Dequoy and Destrem, in April 1941 for FF 60,000,000. The French Government fined him that amount and confiscated the pictures in question in January 1946.

Nogatch. Paris, 29 rue de Richelieu. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Olivier, G. Rouen, 49 rue de Meridienne. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Oppenheim, Jean. Paris, rue du Fbg St Honore. Small dealer. Dealt only with Bornheim.

Oster, Mme. Paris, 8 rue Alfred Roll. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Pacquement, Alfred. Paris, 80 blvd Malesherbes. Reported to have sold Renoir Cariatides to Frau Maria Gilhausen for FF 360,000 through Landry.

Paquet, Henri. Paris, 1 rue des Beaux Arts. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Pado. Paris, 6 rue de Tocqueville. Dealer. Sold to Goering Collection through Bornheim. Knew Hofer.

Pantschoulidseff. Paris, 23 rue de la Pepiniere. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

de Pellepoix, Darquier. Madrid. Vichy Commissioner for Jewish Affairs, 1942-44. Fled to Madrid, 1945. Worked with von Behr. Involved in confiscation of the Schloss Collection.

Peliter. Paris, 21 ave Friedland. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Perdoux, Yves. Paris, 178 rue du Fbg St Honore/6 rue de Teheran/6 blvd Flandrin. Operated the Galerie Guynot. One of the most active collaborationist dealers. Close associate of Wendland, Boitel and Loebl. Ardent Nazi, constantly in touch with Dietrich and other German buyers. Interrogated in 1945 by the Police Judiciaire. Reported ill and near death in January 1946.

‘Petit Bonheur ‘. Paris, 78 rue des Sts Peres. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Petrides, O. Paris, 6 ave Delcasse/153 rue la Boetie. Born in Cyprus. British subject, naturalised French. One of the most active collaborationist dealers. Worked with Adrion, through whom he sold Renoir bronzes and a Rembrandt to Boehmer, and Rosner and Rochlitz, from whom he acquired paintings looted by the ERR from the Paul Rosenberg collection, and which he later sold to Zervos. In touch with Borchers, Schoeller and Cailleux. Reported to have assets concealed under the name of Mme Kruger (sister-in-law, 53 ave Foch) and Mlle Bosc, also a sister-in-law (17 rue Jean Mermoz). Indicted by French Government (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier).

Pedwinetz, F I. Paris.  Sold to Haberstock; documentary evidence in Unit files.

Poissonnier, Bernard. Paris. Sold to Haberstock; documentary evidence in Unit files.

Poliet & Chausson. Paris, 125 quai de Valmy. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Polliakoff, A. Tried through von Poellnitz to sell works of art to Haberstock.

Popoff, Alexandre et Cie. Paris, 86 rue du Fbg St Honore. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers. Sold to Haberstock; documentary evidence in Unit files.

Postma, Cornelius. Paris, Hotel de Nice/4 bis rue des Beaux Arts. Dutch dealer active in Paris. Formerly employed by de Boer in Amsterdam. In contact with Lange, Lohse, Hofer and Dietrich. Connected with Lefranc in selling part of the Schloss Collection.

Pottier. Paris, 14 rue Gaillon. Shipping firm used by Goering.

Poucet. Paris, ‘Chez Touzain ‘, 27 quai Voltaire/rue de Baune. Reported connected with looting of Seze Collection for Goering. Brother-in-law of Mme Touzain.

Poumay. Paris, 27 blvd de Clichy. Dealer. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers. Connected with Leegenhoek.

Radzewill, Princess (Mrs Dean). Paris. Sold to Goering Collection through Bornheim.

Raphael. Paris. Restorer. Worked for Wendland.

Raton, Charles. Paris, 14 rue de Marignan. Sold to the Germans, including Bornheim. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Rebain. Paris, 45 rue du Cherche-Midi. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Renand, Georges. Paris, 30 quai de Bethune. Sold to Ribbentrop through Wuester. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Renou et Colle. Paris, 165 rue du Fbg St Honore. Firm of art dealers who handled looted art, notably from the Paul Rosenberg Collection. Contact of Gurlitt and Skira. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Rescher, Mme. Paris, 7 quai Voltaire. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Roblin. Paris, 29 quai Voltaire. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Rocherand, Charles Marie Leon. Indicted by French Government (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier) for collaboration with the Germans in art transactions.

Rosner, Isador (or Ignacy). Paris, 230 (?) blvd Raspail. Dealer. Received loot from Rochlitz and Petrides. Fled to Provence. Indicted by French Government (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier).

Rostand, Mme Paul. Paris, 30 bis rue Bergere. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Rotil, J. Paris, 279 rue St Honore. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Roy Soeurs, L & C. Paris, 69 rue des Mathurius. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

‘Royale Decoration ‘. Paris, 38 rue du Fbg St Honore. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Rudier. Paris, rue Malakoff (?). Bronze casting firm. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Sabatery, Mlle S. Paris, 35 rue Boissy d’Anglas. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Saigne, Marcel. Paris, 44 rue des Mathurius. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

‘Saisies-Warrants ‘. Paris, 86 rue d’Amsterdam. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Salamon, Mme. Paris, 3 rue Mathis. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Salsky, Boris. Indicted with his wife, Mme Anne Salsky (nee Roudner-Wasserov), by French Government (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier) for collaboration with the Germans in art transactions.

Sambon, Arthur. Paris, 7 rue du Dr Lancereaux. Sold to Haberstock and German museums; documentary evidence in Unit files.

Santo Bey de Semo. Paris, 18 rue Marignan. Middleman/dealer with extensive contacts in Paris. Worked with Hofer, Bornheim, Holzapfel, Carre and Mme Gerard.

Sarrazin, Mlle. Paris, 76 ave Raymond Poincare. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Sauteur. Paris, 43 blvd Magants. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Schidloff. Paris, 61 ave Victor Emmanuel II. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Schmit, Jean. Paris, 22 rue de Charonne. Important antique dealer and decorating concern. Dealt with Bornheim, Angerer, Haberstock and other Germans brought to him by Wuester. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Schoeller, Andre. Paris, 13 rue de Teheran. Well known expert in French 19th century painting. President of the Art Editors Syndicate and appraiser for the Hotel Drouot. Appraised paintings confiscated by the ERR. Sold extensively to Wuester, Brueschwiller and Lohse. Possibly involved in the Schloss Collection confiscation, as informer.

Semail. Paris. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Simon, O. Nice, 17 blvd August Raynaud. Industrialist (?) and agent who worked with the Germans before the war. Offered several pictures to Haberstock through Herbert Engel.

Simon, Dr Victor. Pais, 217 rue du Fbg St Honore. Collaborationist Secretary-General of the French Art Collectors Association. Indicted by French Government (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier).

Souffrice, Jean. Paris, Galerie Voltaire, 33 quai Voltaire. Dealer. Worked with Hofer, Bornheim, Angerer and Josef Muehlmann. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Soyer, Mme (alias Thierry, Mme). Villefranche sur Mer, Villa ‘Le Miradou ‘, ave Gauvin Paris, 75 rue d’Auteuil (Dec 1944). Connected with Thierry and Brueschwiller.

Stora. Paris, 36 blvd Haussmann. Dealer. Worked with Angerer, Hofer and Bornheim. Fled Paris in 1943 because of Jewish persecutions. His business taken over by Benier, an assistant.

Suess. Paris, Hotel Ritz. Director of the Hotel Ritz during the occupation. Acted in Haberstock’s behalf as middleman and informer. Arranged contacts with other Germans visiting Paris for Haberstock.

Surjon. Paris, 15 rue de l’Etoile. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Taillemas. Paris, 17 quai Voltaire. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

‘Les Temps Difficiles ‘. Paris, 11 rue de Luynes. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Terris, J J. Nice, 3 rue Prorana. Appraiser. Reported to have worked with the Germans and to have grossly undervalued the Jaffe Collection.

Terrisee, Georges. Paris, Cambaceres Galerie, 15 rue la Boetie. Small dealer-auctioneer. Worked with Hofer, Lohse and Bornheim.

Tesnier et Germond. Paris. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Thierry. Villefranche sur Mer, Villa ‘Le Miradou ‘, ave Gauvin Paris, 75 rue d’Auteuil. Collaborationist dealer, active in Paris and Nice. Worked with Brueschwiller, Ward Holzapfel and Mme Soyer, his mistress. Sold to Rochlitz, Perdoux, Aguilar, Moebius, and others.

‘Tissus d’Art ‘. Paris, rue St Honore. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Toulinot (Toulino). Paris, 8 ave Victor Massel. Small dealer. Partner of Loewenisch. Occasionally agent for Bornheim. In contact with Wuester and Hofer.

Tournadre, Mme. Paris, 1 rue de l’Universite. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Touzain, Mme. Paris, 27 quai Voltaire. Sister-in-law of Poucet. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

de Trevise, Duc. Paris. Pre-war sponsor and friend of Rochlitz and Wuester.

Trotti, Count Rene Avogli. Paris, 1/88 rue de Grenelle. Well known art dealer of Italian birth; in touch with many German art agents during the war, particularly Wuester, an old friend. Also did business with Haberstock. Indicted by French Government (Seine Tribunal, Judge Frapier).

Vandermeersch. Paris, 23 quai Voltaire. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Vatchnadze, Princess Therese. Paris, 14 rue de Marignan. Russian refugee. Worked for Maria Dietrich and Haberstock on commission.

Veillard, E. Orleans, 39 rue Notre Dame de Recouvrance. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Velay, Alexandre. Paris, 7-9 rue de Penthievre. Shipping firm, occasionally used by Bornheim.

Verdelet. Paris, 1 square de Tocqueville. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Verne, Henri. Paris, 4 ave du President Wilson.

Former director of the Musees Nationaux. Turned middleman/dealer during the occupation. In contact with Wendland, Lohse, Postma and Larcade.

Le Viel. Paris, 19 quai Malaquais. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

‘Aux Vieux Aubussons’. Paris, 58 rue Bonaparte. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

‘Au Vieux Paris’. Paris, 4 rue de la Paix. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers. Bonnefoy of this firm now in French custody.

Vignier. Paris, 4 rue Lamennais. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Vincent. Paris, 68 ave Montaigne. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Visconti. Paris, rue de Seine. Reported to have indicated Jewish collections to the Germans, who supposedly rewarded him with pictures.

Voltaire Galerie, Paris, 33 quai Voltaire. See Souffrice, Jean.

Waldner, Josef. See Germany.

Walser. Paris, 4 rue de Sfax. Schenker documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Wannieck Paris, 29 rue de Monceau. Schenker Co. documents indicate sales to German buyers.

Welz Friedrich. See Germany.

Wendland Hans. See Switzerland.

Weyll Mrs Jane. See Germany.

Wildenstein Paris, 57 rue de la Boetie, (New York, 19 East 64th Street). In touch with Haberstock in 1942. Possessed full knowledge Dequoy’s transactions subsequent to ‘aryanization ‘ of the Wildenstein firm. In contact with Fabiani, summer 1945, who occupied his suite at the Dorchester in London.

Wilkinson Tudor Paris, 18 Quai d’Orleans.American expatriate. Amateur dealer, resident in Paris since shortly after the first World War. In contact with Angerer, to whom he sold a tapestry, and for whom he appears to have kept a watch on the Paris market. His house visited by Goering, who obtained the release of Wilkinson’s wife from the German internment cap at Vitelle. Interrogated by the Police Judiciare. As a result, of the investigation it was found that Wilkinson had been in the Resistance and was highly regarded by the authorities for this reason.

Wuester Adolf. See Germany.

Yousoupoff Prince. Paris. White Russian. Collector-dealer. Reported to have been an active intermediary for German purchases in Paris. Contact of Hofer and Holzapfel..

Zeman Gourbaud. Paris, 8 rue Montyon. Schenker Co. documents indicate sales to German buyers.


Baszanger, Lucien. Geneva. Art dealer and jeweller. Suspected of dealing in stolen art. Aided by Louis Guillaume, British agent, and the brothers Jacques and Andre Erlich, alleged Vichy agents.

Bauer, Frl P. Zurich. Secretary to Frau Maria Schmidlin.

Baumeler, Josef. Lucerne. Customs agent who received some works of art from Germany in 1941 on behalf of Fischer.

Bernoulli, Christophe. Basle. Well known younger art dealer, of good family with strong connections. Six ERR-confiscated pictures passed through his hands. See Allied List. Close friend of Burchardt, the Swiss Ambassador to France for whom he made several trips to Paris in 1945, to arrange for redecoration of the Swiss Embassy. Reported also by French Police to have transacted business in Paris on Wendland’s behalf.

Boehler, Julius Sr. Lucerne, Hotel Bellevue. Son of Julius Boehler of Munich, who died about 1935. Of German birth; active in Switzerland since 1910. Became naturalised Swiss about 1935. Financed after loss of his fortune in 1929 by Kleinberger and subsequently by Fischer. Partner of Steinmeyer. Believed not to have engaged in significant looted art activity.

Bornant, Gustave. Launay, Aux Peupliers. Believed to have in his possession a Matisse, Woman with a Parasol, from the Paul Rosenberg collection which he purchased for FF 400,000 from Metkey, proprietor of the Galerie de l’Elysee, Paris.

Bronner. Basle. Shipping firm. Handled works of art imported from, and exported to, Germany.

Buehrle, Emil. Oerlikon (nr Zurich). German munitions magnate, resident in Switzerland for twenty years. Believed naturalised Swiss. Owner of the Oerlikon arms factory. Important recipient of looted works of art by purchase from Fischer and Wendland. Advised principally by Natman and Montag. Direct purchases in Paris from Dequoy.

Caillier, Pierre. Geneva. Partner in the firm of Editions d’Art Albert Skira SA, Geneva and suspected of trafficking in loot.

Cemin. Montreux, Villa Bella, Chernex. Reported to have been an active Nazi propagandist. Has received pictures from Germany, subsequently forwarded to Spain and Portugal.

Colin, Alexandre. Lausanne (?). Friend and contact of Menten and Pacetti. Commercial counsellor of Romanian origin.

Dreyfus. Zurich, Grossmunsterplatz 2. Small dealer in furniture and objets d’art. Active on behalf of Hofer and Reber.

Dubied. Neuchatel. Received and resold a painting by Sisley, The Banks of the Seine, looted by the ERR from the Levy-Benzion Collection. Received this painting (No 22 on the Allied List) from Fischer.

Duval, Raymond (alias Colomas, or J B Lesda). Geneva, 4 rue Massot. Intermediary with his brother for the Germans in frontier traffic between France and Spain.

Epoques, Galerie. Zurich, Staedelhoferstrasse 26. Small art gallery owned by Frau Wyler. Opened at the beginning of the war and believed to have served the GIS. Later sold to a M de Crue.

Feierabend, Frau Dolly. Zurich, Stampfenbuchstrasse 109. Daughter of Hugo Engel who used her address for all business transactions in Switzerland. Wife of Fritz Freierabend, ski manufacturer. Possibly holding funds for Engel. Should know whereabouts of her brother, Herbert Engel.

Feist-Wollhel, Dr Hans. Zurich, Asylstrasse 21. Owned a collection of furniture, carpets, bronzes etc which was auctioned at Galerie Fischer in 1941. Contact of Simeon Hirschland.

Fischer, Theodor. Lucerne, Haldenstrasse 17. The most important Swiss dealer. Owns a large establishment which did a considerable volume of international business prior to World War II. Two sons, Arthur and Paul (?), active with him. One of them was recently reported in France (late 1945). Fischer is the focal point in all looted art transactions in Switzerland, and recipient of the greatest number of looted paintings located to date. Conducted extensive business with Haberstock, Hofer, Wendland, Buenning and all Swiss art dealers. On Allied Proclaimed List. Has given up over thirty looted pictures to the Swiss authorities for return to rightful owners. Allied and Swiss authorities conducting continued investigation of his activities.

von Frey, Count Alexander. Lucerne, Hotel Eden. Art dealer of German birth and Hungarian citizenship; married originally to the daughter of a Hungarian industrialist. Divorced in 1936 and remarried to a German. In art dealing since about 1920. Involved in several important looted art transactions in France and Switzerland and, although he did not do a great deal of business, is perhaps second only to Wendland in the Swiss art trade in the strength of his official German contacts. Closely connected with Wendland, Lohse, Rochlitz and other key looting figures. Believed to have brought works of art illegally into Switzerland through Romanian diplomatic channels. Participated in an exchange of loot with the ERR. Professes strong pro-Allied sentiments. Has had possession of 57-60 of the Allied List. Has maintained contact throughout the war with the New York art trade.

Frick, Dr Wilhelm. Zurich, Stadthausquai 13. Notorious pro-German lawyer, who was involved in the case of the Niedermehr-Miedl paintings.

Gilhofer, H. Lucerne. Art dealer, connected with sale of the Toepfer Library to Linz through Buemming.

Glant, Max. Bern, Hotel Bellevue. Art dealer, of German-Jewish origin, and former business associate of Hugo Engel. Suspected of dealing in loot.

Grassi, Dr. Zurich. Official of the Schweizer Kantonal Bank. Special contact of Wendland.

Graupe, Paul. New York, Hotel Navarro, 112 Central Park South. German-Jewish refugee dealer, resident in France from 1936 to 1939, and in Switzerland from May 1939 to December 1940, when he went to the US via Lisbon. Former partner of Arthur Goldschmidt and close contact of Wendland, against whom he has now instituted legal proceedings for the return of pictures owned jointly. Not positively implicated in any questionable transactions.

Heilbronner, Dr Raoul. Geneva, 8 rue Charls Bonnet. German refugee dealer, expert on medieval art.

von der Heydt, Baron. Ascona. German national. Wealthy collector, particularly of Chinese art, with strong international, notably British, connections. Possibly contact with Wendland and Hofer.

Hirschland, Simeon. Geneva. Berlin banker and art collector. Active as agent of Dr Feist-Wollhel for sale in Switzerland of pictures from Holland and Germany. In contact with United States. In August 1945, attempted to obtain Argentine passport for Hans Wendland.

Jahn, Carlos. Lugano, Via Montarin 12. German national with strong Nazi connections. Suspected of having disposed of looted pictures from Italy in Switzerland.

Joerin, Paul. Basle, Starenstrasse 20. Purchased from Fischer a painting by Sisley, The River Loing near Moret, confiscated by the ERR from the Levy-Benzion collection.

Jouvet, R. Lausanne, 1 ave Florissant. Correspondent of Wendland.

von Kreibig, Erich. Ascona, Casa Heil. German national; strong Nazi. Contact of Lindpaintner, von Frey and Fischer. Possibly implicated in looting transactions.

Lugt, Fritz. Glion-sur-Montroux. Dutch national and owner of famous drawing collection. Part owner of certain items in the Goudstimmer collection.

Maier, Julius. Baden. Shipper. Handled Menwen’s affairs in Switzerland. Correspondent of Hofer.

Maritsch, Frau Hanna. Zurich, Untere Saune 7. Painter and amateur art dealer. Connected with Hofer, Reber and Dreyfus.

Martin, Andre. Zurich, Signaustrasse 9. Received looted pictures from France. Contact of Stoecklin, Neupert and other Swiss dealers. Offered the Matisse, Open Window, which had been looted by the ERR from the Paul Rosenberg collection, to the Kunstmuseum Berne for Swiss Francs 10,000. He had received it from Stoecklin.

Mattas. Geneva, quai du Mont Blanc. Nationality undetermined. Active in Switzerland, France and Spain. Suspected of disposing of loot.

Nathan, Dr Fritz. St Gallen, Rorschacherstrasse 25. German refugee art dealer in Switzerland since 1935. Adviser to Buehrle, and intermediary between Fischer, Hofer and Buehrle. Has denied knowledge that paintings and drawings acquired by Buehrle from Fischer were looted; all evidence to the contrary.

Neupert, Galerie. Zurich, Bahnhofstrasse 1. Father and son art dealers, in contact with Hofer, Haberstock, Lohse and Fischer. Conducted several transactions involving looted paintings.

Pfisterer, Dr Robert. Zurich, Bahnhofstrasse 31. Art expert, employed by Fischer for the preparation of auction catalogues. Contact of Hofer.

Polack. Vevey. Reported to have been retained by Wendland as an informant.

Raeber, Dr Willi. Basle, St Albans Anlage 68. Prominent art dealer. Vice president of the Swiss syndicate of art dealers and its most active member. Involved in various looted art transactions. Possessed certain paintings on the Allied List. Contact of Hofer and Wuester.

Ranschburg, H. Lucerne. Art dealer. Connected with sale of the Toepfer Library to Buemming for acquisition by Linz.

Ruegg, E. Lausanne, 5 place St Francois. Small dealer. Dealt with Hofer and Angerer, whom he met through Reber. Sold five Flemish tapestries to Angerer for the Goering Collection in 1941.

Schmidlin, Frau Maria. Zurich, Bahnhofstrasse 5. German national, married to a Swiss army officer. Important contact of Hofer. Tried for espionage by Swiss government in connection with the activities of a German dealer.

Schneeberger, Fritz. Bern, Christoffelgasse 3. Small pro-German dealer. Friend of Hofer.

Schneider, Dr Hans. Basle, Angersteinerstrasse 22 The Hague, Mauritshuis Museum. Swiss national, believed naturalised Dutch. Former curator of the Mauritshuis at The Hague. Went to Basle in 1941. Remained there throughout the war. Frequently visited in Switzerland by Hofer, whom he advised, and on one occasion by Lohse. Acted as intermediary between Katz and Hofer. Friend of Paech and Baumstitz.

Schultess, Frl Margrit. Basle, Aeschen Vorstadt 36. Small dealer and intermediary between Hofer, Reber, Schneyder, and Katz. Pro-German. Sold a number of paintings to Hofer for the Goering Collection, but is not known to have dealt in loot.

Schwegler, Frau Dr A. Zurich, Etzelstrasse. German or Swiss national of Italian birth (nee Corti), sometime resident of Berlin; believed married to a Swiss but divorced. Nazi. Allegedly friend of Himmler. Contact of Frau Schmidlin and involved in art looting transactions.

Seira, Albert. Geneva, 4 place du Molart. Owner of publishing firm ‘Editions d’Art ‘; on British and American Proclaimed Lists. Partner of Pierre Cailler and son-in-law of Lionello Venturi, celebrated Italian anti-Fascist art historian, long resident of France and the United States. Imported a large number of works of art from France during the German occupation, and upon request, submitted lists to the British and French diplomatic missions in Switzerland to prove that all objects were acquired and imported legitimately. Suspected strongly of having smuggled additional objects into Switzerland through diplomatic channels (possibly South American) and illicit border activity. Purchased from Renou et Colle, Fabiani, Raphael Gerard, Carre and a group of sixteen less important Parisian dealers. Contact of von Frey. Believed to be playing a double game with earlier strong connections in the French underground. No claims pending against him on the part of the French Government, but appears to be an unsolved case of potential importance.

Steinemann, L. Zurich, Drusenbergstrasse 21 Lugano, Clinica San Rocco. Reported to have offered pictures from the Jaffe collection in Nice for sale in Switzerland in 1944.

Stoecklin, Max (deceased). Swiss national, recently executed by the French Government as a German agent. Involved in the importation into Switzerland in 1943 of the Matisse Open Window, confiscated by the ERR from the Paul Rosenberg Collection. Also involved in two exchanges with the ERR.

Tanner. Zurich, Bahnhofstrasse 39. President of the Federation of Swiss Art Dealers. Involved in the traffic of looted works of art having sold a Renoir, Girl with a Fishing Net, confiscated by the ERR from the Paul Rosenberg Collection. The painting was received by Tanner from Neupert of Zurich. May have other looted objects. Possibly involved in the disposal in Switzerland of the two paintings by Corot confiscated by the Germans from the Bennheim firm in Paris in 1940, and most recently held by Frau Veraguth of Zurich.

Truessel, Dr Fritz.  Bern, Beautusstrasse 32.  Was offered the Matisse Open Window confiscated by the ERR from the Paul Rosenberg Collection, by Martin. Purchased the Courbet, Woman Asleep At Table confiscated from the Paul Rosenberg collection by the ERR.  This painting was imported into Switzerland in April 1942 by German diplomatic bag, given by Wendland to Fischer for sale, then passed into the hands of Willi Raeber and finally to Truessel,  Max Stoecklin was also involved. 

Valotton, Paul. Lausanne, 7 rue du Grand Chine. Sold several French tapestries to Angerer in 1941 for the Goering Collection. Introduced to Hofer and Angerer by Reber.

Veraguth, Frau Klara. Zurich, Kinkelstrasse 28/Gladbachstrasse 90. Received two Corot paintings from the looted Bernheim Jeune collection through her son-in-law, Engbert Janningk, via Montag in Paris in 1941 (according to a member of the Bernheim firm) which she brought to Zurich. Tanner also involved.

Weder, T. Lucerne, Haldenstrasse 15. Small art dealer, German national, resident in Switzerland since 1920. Contact of Fisher, Hofer and Reber.

Wendland, Charlotte. Versoix/Geneva. Wife of Hans Wendland. Former mannequin in shop of Paul Daunay, dressmaker in Geneva. Reported by the French to be the former mistress of Khedive Abbas-Hilmi and to have a police record.

Wendland, Dr Hans. Versoix/Geneva. German national. Art dealer, resident alternately in France, Switzerland, Italy and Germany since World War I. Partner of Reber until about 1930. Probably the most important individual engaged in quasi-official looted art transactions in France, Germany and Switzerland in World War II. Acted as intermediary between Hofer and Fischer, and as Fischer’s chief purchasing agent. Frequently in Paris during the occupation; close contact of Lohse, Rochlitz, Loebl, Petrides, Mandl, Wuester, etc. Has never sold works of art directly to private purchasers; always working as dealers’ expert and agent. His activities presently under close scrutiny by the Swiss government. On Allied Expulsion List and Proclaimed List.

Wiederkehr, Dr Arthur. Zurich, Bahnhofstrasse 98. Attorney who held six looted pictures from Miedl’s account, five of which were from the Paul Rosenberg Collection. Offered one of them, the Van Ghogh Self Portrait, for sale to Buehrle. On Allied Proclaimed List.

Wotruba. Vienna (?). Austrian sculptor, resident in Switzerland during World War II. Friend and contact of Wendland for whom he may have engaged in certain business transactions in Paris.

Wyler, Frau Marguerite. Zurich, Staedelhoferstrasse 26. Proprietress of Galerie Epoques. Suspected of having been involved in disposal of looted art.


Armstedt, Dr. The Hague. Director of Devisenschutkommando, which took over the Lippmann-Rosenthal Bank at The Hague for use as a repository for confiscated Jewish property.

Aubing, Dr. Voluwe. Curator of the Kroeller-Mueller Museum.

d’Autrech. The Hague, Nordeinde. Dealer specialising in Dutch 17th century painting. In touch with Myrtol Frank and the Dienststelle Muehlmann.

Backemund. The Hague. German middleman and restorer resident in Holland. Worked for the Dienststelle Muehlmann.

de Bary Bank. Amsterdam. Bank used by Miedl and other Germans in purchases of works of art.

Batenburg, J B. The Hague, de Kuyperstraat. Shipping firm used by Goering and the Dienststelle Muehlmann.

Bauer, A P. Amsterdam, Koninginon Bldg. Lawyer. Reported to have information concerning Mield’s banking activities and connections in the Buitenlandsche Bank, and about Herrendorf and H F W Meyer.

Beets, Dr. Amsterdam, Nicholas Maesstraat 122. Middleman/dealer and former art historian who sold to the Dienststelle Muehlmann and to Hofer.

Begeer, Frl Rudolpha. Veerschoten. Strongly pro-German Dutch collaborationist. Sister of Begeer, well known silversmith. Active in behalf of German purchasing agents in Holland, as guide and intermediary. Close contact of Kieslinger and Jan Dik Jr. Accompanied Herbst to Paris during 1943 in connection with purchases for Linz. Helped prepare catalogue of Mannheimer Collection.

von Beuningen, D G. Dutch coal merchant and industrialist.

Bignell. The Hague, Lange Veerhout 58. Owner of Van Marle & Bignell, auction house. Reported to have dealt extensively in confiscated works of art. His firm expanded during the German occupation. Auctioned the Chabot collection on 9 January 1942. Associated with Dr M H H Franssen. In contact with Mumm and Kramer.

Bloch, Dr Vitalo. The Hague, Sweelinkstraat 61. Art historian of Polish or Russian Jewish origin, who acted as purchasing agent and adviser to Muehlmann, Goepel and others for protection against the anti-Semitic laws. Intimate friend of Friedlander. Close contact of Hofer and Lohse. After Friedlander, most improtant figure in Dutch collaborationist art circles.

de Boer, Pitt. Amsterdam, Heerengracht 512. Important and active dealer. President of the Dutch Dealers Association since Goudstikker’s death. Acquired Swiss as well as Dutch nationality early in the war, and visited Switzerland during the occupation. Discovered the first in the series of false Vermeers by van Meegeren. Close contact of Hofer, Muehlmann, Posse, Voss, Lohse and Miedl.

van Bohemen, C. The Hague. Pre-war restorer. Reported to have bought pictures from Jewish collections during the occupation.

Brack. Amsterdam. Dealer. Worked with Hoogendijk and Miedl.

Bredius, Dr A (deceased). Well known authority on Dutch painting who resided in Monaco for some time prior to his death in March 1946. Gave expertise to German buyers, notably Lohse.

ten Broeck, Ario Albertus. Amsterdam, Heerengracht 458. Assistant in Goudstikker firm in which he had worked for many yeras. Signed sales contract of the firm with Miedl and Hofer.

Brokke, H. Amsterdam, Calverstraat 98. Dealer in clocks and objets d’art, who sold to Gritzbach for the Goering Collection.

Buitenweg. Dealer, reported active in Holland and France as a buyer for the Commission for Jewish Affairs, and connected with the Schloss affair. There are reasons to believe that he is a fictitious personality used by Lefranc to cover his operations.

Buitenlandsche Banvereeniging NV. Amsterdam, Heerengracht 268. Mield’s bank.

Busch, Otto. Amsterdam, Heerengracht 512. Middleman. Representative of de Boer, the dealer. Knew Hofer in Berlin before the war.

Cassirer, Paul. Amsterdam, Kaizersgracht 109. Dealer. Absent from Holland during the war. Represented by Dr Lutjens during the occupation.

ten Cate. Almelo or Twenthe. Textile manufacturer and collector. Sold pictures to Goering and Seyss-Inquart during the occupation.

Christiansen, General Friedrich. Laaren or the Hague. General in command of Luftwaffe in Holland during the occupation. Acted as Goering’s representative.

Cramer, Gustav. The Hague, Javastraat 38. Dealer, formerly in Berlin. Refugee in Holland where he worked mostly on commission. Specialist in objets d’art. Believed to have been backed by Muehlmann or Goepel. In touch with Hofer.

van Dam, Prof Jan. Amsterdam, Murillostraat 5. Professor at the University of Amsterdam and Secretary General of the Department of Education. Ordered anti-Semitic pressure against Jewish artists and their works in all Dutch museums.

Delaunoy, Etienne. Amsterdam, Rokin 118. Dealer. Made purchases from confiscated collections during the occupation. Goering visited his shop and Hoffmann bought from him.

Denijs, Frl J. Amsterdam, N Spiegelstraat 32 or 29/Kaisersgracht. Member of Dutch Art Dealers syndicate (Vereeniging van Handelaron in Oudo Kunst). Active during occupation. In contact with Hofer. Assisted Miedl in liquidation of Goudstikker firm. Worked with Jan Dik Jr.

van Deventer, Dr. Director of Kroeller-Mueller Museum.

Dik, Jan Sr. Amsterdam, Heerengracht 257. Restorer. Employee of Goudstikker firm with whom he had been for many years. Stayed on and collaborated with Miedl. Is said to have become wealthy during the war. Co-author with ten Broeck of a letter explaining terms and conditions of the sale to the Dutch Government.

Dik, Jan Jr. Amsterdam, Heerengracht 257. Began as assistant to his father; later became independent dealer and middleman for the Germans. Received 5,000 gulden for information relative to the acquisition for Linz of the Chabot Rembrandts. Close contact of Lohse, Wiedt, Hermssen, Hofer. Partner of Modrczewski.

Dingjan. The Hague, Kortekade. Photographer employed by the Dienststelle Muehlmann.

Douwes, Evert. Amsterda, Rokin 46. Dealer. Worked with Posse and possibly Muehlmann.

Duits Gallery. London, 6 Duke Street. Dutch dealer. Part owner of several Goudstikker paintings.

van Embden Bank. Embden and Amsterdam. Bank used as repository for works of art. Plietzsch bought pictures from it for the Goering collection.

Erasmus, Dr. Hilversum Geldern bei Haarlem. German middleman/dealer, formerly in Berlin. Escaped to Holland shortly before the war. In contact with Plietzsch, Miedl, Katz, Modrczewski.

Flesche, Dr. German director of Lippmann Rosenthal Bank during the occupation.

Frank, Myrtel. The Hague, Hilversum, Frans Halslaan 18. German Jewish refugee and active middleman in the collaborationist art market. Important unofficial agent of the Dienststelle Muehlmann. Contact of Jageneau, Vermeulen, Herbst, Weinmueller, Bloch, etc.

Frequin. The Hague, Breitnerlaan. Small dealer. Worked for the Dienststelle Muehlmann.

Frequin. The Hague, Elizabethstraat. Photographer employed by the Dienststelle Muehlmann. Brother of the dealer Frequin.

van Gend en Loos. Amsterdam. Shipping company reported to be the most important of the three Dutch companies which handled art objects during the occupation.

von Goschenen. Amsterdam. Reported by Wiederkehr to have visited him in Zurich on Miedl’s authority to examine the latter’s pictures. Said to have been in touch with Nathan Katz and Dr Hans Schneider (denied by both).

Goudstikker, J (deceased). Amsterdam, Heerengracht 458. The most prominent of the Dutch art dealers before the war. Killed while escaping from Holland by ship at the time of the German advance. His family escaped to America. His business was taken over by Alois Miedl.

de Gruyter. Amsterdam, Franz van Mieris Straat. Shipping firm used by the Dienststelle Muehlmann and by Goering’s agents.

de Gruyter. Hertogenbosch. Industrialist and art collector. Connected with Begeer and Kieslinger. Sold to Goering through Muehlmann.

Gusten, Theodore. Amsterdam, Zomerdykstraat 22. Director of Cinetone Company. In contact with Miedl. Reported anti-Nazi.

Handels Trust West. Amsterdam. German-owned bank, through which payments for art objects were made.

Hannema, Dr Dirk. Rotterdam. Ex-director of Boymanns Museum. Principal collaborator in Dutch art world. Member of Seyss-Inquart organisation. Adviser to Goering on art exchanges with Kroeller-Mueller Museum. Believed to be in Dutch custody (May 1945).

Hansel. Amsterdam. Appointed manager of Simon and Woudstra firms by the Germans. Later replaced by Herbert Wiedt.

Heinz, E. Director of I G Farben. Leader of Dutch Nazi Party. Business associate of Miedl.

Herrendorf. Amsterdam. Director of Buitenlandsche Bankvereeniging NV, owned by Miedl.

Heydenrijk. Amsterdam, Rokin 105. Framemakers. Worked for Hofer and the Dienststelle Muehlmann.

Hoogendijk. Amsterdam, Kaizersgracht 640/Roemorvischerstraat 34. Prominent dealer who sold to Miedl, Hofer, Posse, Muehlmann and Voss during the occupation. Close friend of Friedlander and Schneider. Contact of Nathan Katz. Goering frequently visited his shop.

Hoppe, Frl. Amsterdam. Former secretary to Miedl. Now secretary to Captain Joop van Amstel.

Jageneau, L. The Hague, Nordeinde 152. Dealer. Dealt with most of the German buyers. Worked with the Dienststelle Muehlmann through Myrtel Frank and Kieslinger.

Jansen, J. Amsterdam, Rokin 108. Worked with the Germans. Assisted in the liquidation of several Jewish art firms. Reported son-in-law of D Katz.

de Jonge. The Hague. Son of a Dutch art dealer. Intermediary for the Dienststelle Muehlmann and other German buyers.

Joost. Dealer. Sold to Adolf Weinmueller.

Kalb, Josef. Amsterdam, Rokin 70. Connected with Lippmann Rosenthal Bank. Made manager of Jacob Stodel firm by the Germans.

Kaminski, Alfons. Winschoten, Wilhelmsingel 14. Amateur dealer. Connected with Dr Hermann Siebold of Berlin.

Katz, Nathan. The Hague, Lange Voorhuit 35 Dieren, bei Arnhem. Prominent dealer. Worked principally with Hofer, Posse and Miedl, as well as Lange, Haberstock, Boehler and other German buyers. Two brothers in the Western Hemisphere: Benjamin Katz, Hotel Dauphin, New York and Abraham Katz, 18 Pietermaai, Wilhelmstad, Curacao.

Koenigs, Franz (deceased). Well known German collaborator, resident in Holland during the war. Sold his collection to Miedl.

Kramer. Lawyer. Enemy Alien Property Custodian in Holland. Reported connected with sale of confiscated Jewish property.

Kroneg, Josef. Former assistant to Bredius at The Hague. Accompanied him to Monaco and acted in the German interests in soliciting expertise from Bredius. His private collection of minor Dutch paintings was confiscated erroneously by the ERR in Paris, but returned to him by Lohse.

Kurt, Frau Nelly. The Hague or Haarlem, Aardenhout. Austrian Jewess, refugee in Holland. Acted as intermediary on the Dutch art market.

Lanz, Dr Otto (deceased). Former Swiss Consul in Holland. Sold his collection to Posse for Linz in 1941 at a large price.

Legat. The Hague, Zeestraat 59. German art dealer, resident in Holland since 1935. Worked with Myrtel Frank and the Dienststelle Muehlmann.

Lisser Rosencranz Bank. Amsterdam. Private bank, largely owned by Miedl.

Lutjens, Dr. Amsterdam, Kaizersgracht 109. In charge of Holland office of Paul Cassirer & Co. Dealt with Hofer and the Dienststelle Muehlmann through Plietzsch.

Mak, A. Dordrecht, Vischstraat 17. Dealer, auctioneer. Reported to have worked for the Germans and to have sold confiscated Jewish art works.

Markus, Fritz. Amsterdam. Son-in-law of Andriessen the banker. Acted as intermediary in sale of the Koenig’s collection to Miedl.

van Marle & Bignell. The Hague, Lange Veerhout 58. Auction house used by the Dienststelle Muehlmann.

Martin, Prof Dr Willi. Wassonaar. Director of the Mauritshuis Museum at The Hague. Frequent lecturer in Germany during the war. Long known to Hofer. Consulted by Plietzsch.

van Meegeren, Hans. Amsterdam. Painter. Forged ‘Vermeers ‘ and other Dutch ‘masterpieces ‘ which he sold at high prices to the Dutch museums and to Goering through Miedl. Imprisoned by the Dutch Government in 1945.

Mensing. Amsterdam, Nieuwe Doelen Straat 16. Owner of the auction house Frederick Mueller & Co. Dealt with Posse, Miedl and the Dienststelle Muehlmann.

Modrcszewski, Victor. Amsterdam, Michelangelstraat 25. Dealer. Jewish refugee from Berlin. Partner of Jan Dik Jr. In contact with Hermssen, Wiedt, Friedlander, Lohse and Hofer.

Muehlmann, Dienststelle. The Hague. German buying organisation, established by Seyss-Inquart in 1940 to acquire works of art for Hitler. Headed by Kajetan Muehlmann.

Muelder. The Hague, Nordeinde. Dealer. Associate of Herbst and Weinmueller. Dealt with the Dienststelle Muehlmann through Myrtel Frank.

Mueller & Co, Frederick. Amsterdam, Nieuwe Doelen Straat 16. Auction firm owned by Mensing.

Mumm. The Hague. Banker. Formerly in America. Founder of firm Heim in Holland. Reported to have sold Jewish confiscated household property to the Germans. Connected with Bignell and Kramer.

Oelze. Amsterdam, Heerengracht 623. German bank employee from Bremen. Amateur dealer. Knew Hofer and Plietzsch.

Paech, Walter. Amsterdam, Rokin 57/Diepenbroekstraat 9. German dealer-artist, resident for many years in Holland. Not accepted for membership in Dutch syndicate of art dealers before the war. Close contact of Wieth, Jan Dik Jr, Hofer, Miedl, Muehlmann and Schilling. Also believed to have sold to Posse.

von Palm, Dr F. Amsterdam, Heerengracht 170. German banker. Heir to the van der Heydt fortune through his wife. Sold a Loehner to Goering through Hofer and Gritzbach.

von Pannwitz, Frau Catalina. Ascona, Switzerland Heemstede bei Haarlem. Wealthy German, resident in Holland. Sold part of her collection to Hofer. Has interests in Argentina and holds an Argentinian passport. Believed presently to be in Switzerland.

Parry. The Hague, Nordeinde. Dealer. Active in Holland, Belgium and Paris. Worked for Seyss-Inquart. In contact with Muehlmann, Myrtel Frank and Weijers.

Phillips Company. Eindhoven. Internationally known manufacturers of radio and electrical appliances. Sold to Hofer.

von der Ploeg. Amsterdam. Small dealer. Sold to Muehlmann and Hofer.

Proehl, Ernst. Amsterdam, Heerengracht 456/Koningslaan 17.  Banker. Sold to Goering through Hofer and Miedl.

Rosenthal. Amsterdam, Michelangelstraat. German Jewish refugee dealer, formerly associated in Berlin with Erasmus and Modrczewski. In occasional contact with Hofer.

Rouff, W. German. Formerly in business in Amsterdam. Headed a cultural relations section in the Seyss-Inquart government.

Schmidt-Muenster. German occupation official. Arranged purchase of Lanz collection for Linz.

Schretelen, M F. Amsterdam, Heerengracht 390 Laaren, Diepenbrockla. Small dealer. In contact with Hofer through VItalo Bloch.

Schullein. The Hague, Reijewijk. German refugee art dealer. Sold drawings and coins to the Dienststelle Muehlmann.

Seekatz. Director of Fokker Works. Close friend and intermeidary of Goering in Holland.

Simons, . Amsterdam, Rokin 18. Jewish dealer whose firm was ‘aryanised ‘ and managed first by Hansel, later by Herbert Wiedt.

van der Sloot, A C. Amsterdam, Kaizersgracht 561. Small dealer. Dealt with Hofer.

Staal, A. Amsterdam, Rokin 18. Jewish dealer who escaped to England in 1942. Dealt with Hofer and Muehlmann through Plietzsch. Worked for Bachstitz before the war.

Stechow, Baron. The Hague, Muiderschans 71. In charge of a specialist art department of the Lippmann-Rosenthal Bank under the Devisenschutzkommando.

Telder, Frau. The Hague. Intermediary. Active for the Dienststelle Muehlmann.

Tietje, Dr Hans W C. Amsterdam, Koningslaan 42. German industrialist and art collector. In contact with Miedl, Paech and Heinrich Hoffmann. Friend of Goering. Believed in Dutch custody.

Ulimer. Amsterdam. Bought several Bauer collection paintings from Lefranc.

van Valkenburg, M. Laaren. Rotterdam lawyer and collector. Sold three pictures to Miedl.

Vermeulen. The Hague, Nordeinde. Dealer. Worked with the Dienststelle Muehlmann through Myrtel Frank,.

Volz, A W. The Hague. Collector. Known to Hofer, Friedlander and Bachstitz. Not reported to have sold anything from his collection.

Vossisk. The Hague, Lange Houtstraat. Employee of Melier Elte, book dealers. Worked with the Dienststelle Muehlmann.

Warnas. The Hague, Nordeinde. Furniture dealer. Occasionally sold pictures to the Dienststelle Muehlmann.

van Weij, Thomas Mak. Amsterdam, Rokin 102. Official appraiser of art for the Enemy Property Control. Worked also for the Dienststelle Muehlmann.

Weijers. Tilburg. Collector. Dealt with the Dienststelle Muehlmann. Knew Parry.

Wetzlar, A. Amsterdam. German Jewish refugee dealer. Contact of Muehlmann and Plietzsch.

Wiedt, Herbert. Amsterdam, Vijzelsstraat 58. German dealer, long resident in Holland. Connected with Lohse, Jan Dik Jr and Modrczewski. Appointed manager of several Jewish firms confiscated by the Enemy Property Control (Feind Vermoegen Stelle).

de Wild. The Hague, Laan van Meerdeveert. Dealer-restorer. Son of a well known restorer. Worked for the Dienststelle Muehlmann. Did business with Miedl. Has a brother in the United States.

Wolff, Daniel and Marcel (brothers). The Hague, Wassenaar, ‘Great Haesebroek ‘. Bankers. Sold the Cinetone Company and the Polnischer Kommerzbank to Miedl, as well as some paintings. Knew Hofer.

Zwaan, de Kleiweg. Amsterdam. Part owner of several Goudstikker paintings.


Cheruy, Marcel Aime Nestor. Brussels, 62a rue Moris. Intermediary for sale of pictures. In contact with Jorda, Sola and Sweerts.

Cosmos. Antwerp, 50 quai Kipdorp. Shipping firm directed by Hans Rohrbach. Had branches in Brussels, Mannheim, Hamburg and Paris.

Duprez. Brussels, 200 rue Royale. Dealer. Owner of Galerie Royale. Dealt with Hofer and Paech.

van Gelder, Frau M. Uccle, 44 rue Saturn. Collector. Sold pictures to Posse, Hofer and Schilling.

van Gelder, Smit. Antwerp, ave de Belgique. Paper mill owner and art collector. Collaborationist who sold pictures voluntarily to Muehlmann and Plietzsch.

de Heuval. Brussels, 68 rue Coudenberg. Dealer. Contact of Plietzsch, Paech, Hofer and Muehlmann.

Huelens, Dr Franz. Auderlecht, 5 rue d’Aumale. Owned Breughel’s birthplace. Knew Paech and Hofer, van der Veken and Friedlander.

Jeromin. Brussels. Reported head of ERR regional office.

Jorda, Francisco. Switzerland(?) Brussels, Hotel Albert I, place Rogier/77 rue Bosnio, St Giles. Spaniard. Smuggler and black market operator who also dealt in pictures. In May and July 1944, made trips with a Belgian art expert to Monaco in connection with the sale of a collection. In touch with Sola and Cheruy.

Koester, Prof. Brussels. Attached to ERR staff, November 1940.

Krebs, Jean. Brussels, 65 square des Latins. Banker and small collector. Sold to Hofer. Knew Paech.

Lagrand, Maurice. Brussels, 1/15 rue de la Regence. Partner of Leegenhoek. In contact with Lohse. Dealt with Josef Muehlmann and Herbst. Lived in Paris during latter part of the war.

Mader. Reported head of ERR, Belgium.

Manteau, Louis. Brussels, 62 blvd de Waterloo. In December 1945, a Still Life by Braque, looted from the Paul Rosenberg Collection, was recognised in his gallery. It has now been reported sequestered by the Belgian Government. He is related to Alice Manteau (see France).

Massot. Art expert and dealer. In touch with Lagrand and the Germans.

van der Meeren. Brussels. Client of Lefranc, from whom he bought objects confiscated from the Bauer collection.

Meeus, Baron. Brussels, 283 ave Tervuren. Industrialist and collector. Met Hofer in 1943 but no sales reported.

Mommen. Brussels. Shipping company used by the Germans.

de Mull. Brussels. Dealer-auctioneer. Owner of Galerie Beaux Arts. Dealt with the Germans.

Philippot. Brussels, 5 rue Andre Fauchille, Woluwe St Pierre. Partner of J van der Veken in firm L’Art Ancien.

Poncelet, Renee. Brussels, 53 rue St Ghislain. Reported to be in possession of a picture stolen from a French museum by her Dutch son-in-law.

Renders, Emile. Brussels, 1240 chaussee de Wavre. Wealthy collector and art historian who sold his celebrated collection of Flemish primitives to Miedl in 1940, subsequently in part to the Goering collection. The details of the negotiations, which extended over a period of six months and involved Hofer, Paech and Gritzbach, are not altogether clear. There is documentary evidence to indicate pressure on Goering’s side, but there is circumstantial evidence leading to the belief that Renders prolonged the negotiations in order to realise excessive profits rather than through a reluctance to sell.

Rohrbach, Hans Bernard Joseph. Antwerp, 50 quai Kipdorp. Director of Cosmos firm. Jewellery smuggler, active in Belgium, Spain and Portugal.

Seiffers, Galerie. Brussels. Small dealer, known to Hofer.

Sola, Francisco. Switzerland (?) Brussels, Hotel Albert I, place Rogier/18 rue Emile Klaus. Spaniard. Veterinary surgeon by profession. Smuggler, black market operator and collaborationist during the occupation. Reported to have held passport as Obersturmfuhrer. Interested in sale of pictures. In touch with Cheruy and Jorda.

Sweerts, Pierre. Brussels. Connected with Sola, Jorda and Cheruy.

Tauboeck. German national (?). Agent for Herbst of the Dorotheum; escorted his purchases from Brussels to Linz and Vienna.

van der Veken, J. Brussels, 5 rue Andre Fauchille, Woluwe St Pierre. Dealer and the best known Belgian picture restorer. Active in sales to German buyers during the war. Violently pro-German and professed his hopes for a German victory to Hofer in writing on one occasion. Closely associated with Renders.


Accosi, Pietro. Turin. Firm of shippers which acted as transport agents on one occasion for objects purchased in Italy for Linz.

Asta, Ferruccio. Ascona, Switzerland-Milan, via Andegari. Milan art dealer now living in Switzerland as a refugee. Reported to have worked actively with Geiger and suspected of trafficking in loot.

Bellini, Luigi. Florence, Lungarno Sederini 3. Well known Florentine art dealer who has conducted a large volume of foreign business for many years. Sold extensively to Hofer and Angerer for Goering. Hofer was introduced by Reber. Often visited personally by Goering who liked him.

Bossi, Ildebrando. Genoa, via Assarotti 1. Art dealer closely associated with Morandotti. Sold objects to Hofer for the Goering Collection.

Brass, Ugo. Venice. Seventy year old painter-collector-dealer, often approached by Hofer and Muehlmann on behalf of Goering. His prices were unapproachable and it is not believed that he sold any works of art to German officials, although his son was reputed to be an active Fascist Party member.

Brassini, Armando. Rome, via Flaminia 487. Prominent architect from whom Hofer purchased sculpture and decorative objects for the Goering Collection. Pro-German.

Ciolli. Florence. Firm of antiquarians and packers. Reported to have been involved in the transfer of works of art purchased in Italy by the Germans for declared valuation of 4,000,000 lire. Nineteen cases were sent to the Commercial Office of the German Embassy rather than to the Brenner Pass in order that exemption of export duty might be obtained.

Contini-Bonacossi, Count Alessandro. Florence, Lungarno Amerigo Vespucci 28/Villa Vittoria-Carmignano, Tuscany. Art dealer and former prominent Fascist Party member. Close financial adviser to Mussolini. Has always maintained position of wealthy collector, rather than dealer, and engaged in large volume of international art business prior to 1939. Sold largest volume of works of art to Hofer for Goering Collection of any individual in Italy. Has denied willingness of these undertakings and has stated that he sold to the Germans "under compulsion". Has professed strong pro-Ally sentiments since the Allied occupation of Italy, and expressed desire to collaborate with Allied authorities. His activities are presently under investigation.

Corsini, Prince. Florence. Owner of the famous Memling Portrait of a Man purchased by Prince Philipp von Hessen for Hitler for 6,900,000 lire.

Fritsch, Irmgard. Como, c/o Lt Col Lisdoro. German national. Former secretary to Reber and sister of Frau Hofer. Was employed by the German military command at Lake Como as a typist. Acted as intermediary for Reber with the German military forces in Italy. Apprehension and interrogation recommended.

Geiger, Benno. Venice, Botto Nuevo. Art historian-dealer of Baltic origin. Friend of Kieslinger and acted as guide for Muehlmann and Kieslinger during their trips to Italy in 1942 and 1943. Involved in irregular art purchases ordered by Muehlmann and frequently in touch with Hofer.

Gianferrari, Prospero & Efi (nee Svedbergh). Sweden. Italian nationals who arrived in Sweden in 1944 with paintings purported belonging to the Italian State which were put up for sale in Stockholm. Well known Fascists and friends of Himmler.

Ginori. Florence, via Tornabuoni. Art dealers reputed to have had a working relationship with Angerer.

Grassi, Giulio and Luigi. Florence, Via Cavour 106. Established Florentine art dealers. Trafficked heavily with German officials and dealers, particularly Hofer, Angerer and Posse. Sold considerable quantity of furniture to Contini.

Guigni. Florence. Dealer who sold two Venetian 16th century tables to Hofer for the Goering collection.

Jandolo, Ugo. Rome, via Margutta 53. Established Roman art dealer who sold sculpture to Hofer for the Goering Collection with Morandotti as intermediary.

Labia, Count Paolo. Rome, via Andreas Vessallio. Member of prominent Milanese family with an important private collection containing paintings by Tiepolo. Introduced to Hofer by Reber and worked voluntarily for Hofer with whom he was in daily contact on the occasions of Hofer's visits to Rome. Brought objects to Hofer on commission and introduced him to individuals who wished to dispose of works of art. Travelled to Paris during the war. Had Austrian connections. Knew Germany and spoke German well.

Laurenzi, Prof. Director of the Italian Commission for the Protection of Works of Art in Greece, 1941-43. Arrested 14 September 1943.

Maier, Albert. Venice, San Trovaso 960-Munich, Muellerstrasse 14 (former). Munich art dealer, resident in Italy and in close contact with most German dealers who visited Italy, particularly Sauermann and Fischer-Boehler. Worked on commission for Morandotti, his landlord, and acted as Hofer's chief intermediary and guide in Florence.

Mayr. Bolzano. Director of the Bolzano Museum. Suspected of having been involved in the removal of twenty-three Byzantine gold coins from the custody of the Superintendent of Antiquities in Venetia.

Morandotti, Dr Alessandro. Rome, via Vittorio Emanuele 141-Venice, San Trovaso 960. Austrian national resident in Italy for many years. Agent for Angerer and Hofer.

Pospisil, Francesco. Florence. Dealer who worked with Muehlmann to whom he was introduced by Kieslinger. He offered two large Tiepolo battle scenes, Story of Horatio, to Muehlmann for Goering. These were declined because of the price. The pictures were stated later to have been sent to Switzerland for deposit in a Swiss bank. In April 1943 he travelled to France and Belgium for the Dienststelle Muehlmann and in Brussels was given 50,000 Belgian francs by Lagrand on behalf of Muehlmann.

Romano. Florence. Dealer specialising in sculpture and furniture. Introduced to Hofer by Maier. Sold works of art to several German dealers.

Sangiorgi, Giorgio. Rome, via Ripotta 117. Dealer who sold to Hofer.

Sasso, Emilio di Alfonso. Rome, via Legionari 20. Doctor of medicine, married to an American citizen, Catherine Elizabeth Stark. Reported to have engaged continuously in trafficking in works of art, presumably objects confiscated or stolen by Germans and Fascist Party members, with whom he was in close contact.

Scialinga, Gasparp. Florence (?). Reported contact of Hofer and Reber.

Schiff-Giorgini, Dr. Rome, via Po 102. Collector-dealer of German origin. Contact of Hofer.

Sestieri, Dr Ettoro. Rome, Lungetevere Oberdan. Dealer. Historian. Director of Barberini Gallery. Worked with Grassi and Morandotti who introduced him to Hofer.

Simonetti. Rome. Dealer in contact with Hofer through Morandotti. Sold antique jewellery to Hofer for the Goering Collection.

Staeger, Frau Amy. Rome. German national, resident in Italy. Contact of Hofer.

Tatistscheff, Count Alexander. Rome, via Listonia 14. Middleman for Hofer.

Traine, Countess Luisa. Rome. Contact for Hofer.

Ventura, Eugenio. Florence. Antique dealer. Visited personally by Goering, with whom he became involved in an important exchange of pictures confiscated by the ERR. Advised during the war by the well known expert, Roberto Longhi.

Wallerstein, Dr Victor. Florence, viale Manfredo Fanti 109. German Jewish refugee dealer, whose brother is an orchestra leader in New York. Middleman for Hofer in Florence. Contact of Contini-Bonacossi, Ventura and Grassi.


Aduanas, Pujol-Rubio SA. Barcelona, Pasaje de la Paz 11. Agents for Fundicion Tipografica Neufville SA, Traversora de Garcia 183, Barcelona. Antonio Puigbellivol, of subject company, wrote Bauer Type Foundry in New York, from Lisbon 9 July 1945 asking their help in selling a Rembrandt self-portrait (60 x 75 cms), possibly a looted work.

Angel el Saldista. San Sebastian, Callo Oquondo 9. Antiquarian. This shop reported full of looted goods in July and August 1944; later shipped to Barcelona and Canary Islands. The firm is suspected of having acted as a clearing house for articles smuggled into Spain by members of the Blue Division or by German agents.

Baquera Kusche y Martin. Madrid, Plaza de Cortos Irun, Paseo Colone 93. Spanish customs agents and shippers. Agents for Schenker and active on behalf of Miedl and Lindpaintner. Instrumental in the importation into Spain of the twenty-two pictures deposited in the Free Port of Bilbao. On Allied Proclaimed List.

Barcas, Hugo. Barcelona, Paseo de Colon 4. Industrialist; partner of Semo Freres, Sophia, Bulgaria, agents in Spain for I G Farben. Rich Falangist. Frequent traveller between Spain, France, Chile and Argentina, and suspected of illicit traffic in paintings and art objects.

Delfanne, George Henri (alias Bauer, Heinrich; Masuy, Henri; Kranenbaum). San Sebastian, Capitol Hotel Paris, 25 bis rue Constantine Brussels, 12 quai du Commerce. Notorious German agent, involved in GIS activities in Spain, Belgium and France from 1939 to 1945. Operated undercover as a commercial agent. During 1943 and 1944 ran a smuggling organisation on the Franco-German frontier. Contact of Miedl, and involved in transfer of Miedl’s pictures to Spain.

Duval, Jean (alias Colonna). German agent connected with the Bauer smuggling ring, and active on behalf of Miedl.

Fritze, Gerhard. New York (?). German, naturalised Dutch. Contact of Miedl in Spain. Believed presently in United States.

Gabison, Andre. Madrid, Jorge Juan 17. French national, believed to be a member of the GIS, and to have engaged in smugglign activities on the Franco-Sp§anish border. Possibly involved in the illicit sale in Spain of French art objects.

Koninckx, Charles Georges. San Sebastian, Calle de las Dunas 3 Madrid (?). Belgian, resident in Spain. Connected with Miedl.

Lazaro, Andreas. Elisondo (nr French border). Suspected of having been involved in smuggling of valuable contraband, principally currency, jewellery and works of art, on behalf of the Germans; active between Dancharinoa on the French side and Elisondo.

Linares, Arturo. Madrid, Carrera de San Jeronimo 40/Plaza de las Cortes 11. Prominent dealer in paintings, antiques and Spanish art objects. Stated to have handled looted objects from the occupied countries, particularly those brought into Spain by the volunteers of the Blue Division, active in Russia and Poland.

Lottier, Pierre. Barcelona, Avda Jose Antonio 521-3. Partner of Erich Schiffman in Meubles Manonellas, shop opened ostensibly for the disposal of porcelain and china smuggled by him from France. Their goods reported to have been confiscated by the Spanish police.

Martin. Bilbao. Falangist art dealer reported to have purchased two triptychs looted from the Church of Smolensk and brought back to Spain by members of the Blue Division.

Moreno Bravo, Gregorio. Barcelona, Calle Bailon 230. Employee of the GIS and suspected of having held looted works of art and other valuables for German interests.

Otlet, Adrian. San Sebastian. Belgian smuggler and black market operator. Reported to have sold works of art looted from France in Spain. Contact of Miedl, Jean Duval and Heinrich Bauer. On Allied Proclaimed List.

Schiffman, Erich. Barcelona, Avda Jose Antonio 521-3. Partner of Pierre Lottier in Meubles Manonellas, shop opened ostensibly for the disposal of porcelain and china smuggled by Lottier from France. Their goods reported to have been confiscated by the Spanish police.

Zantop, Alfred. Barcelona, Avda Jose Antonio 778. German national (?) and suspected GIS agent. Connected with Gripos SA. Possibly engaged in effort to conceal German assets in Spain. Contact of Miedl, who is reported to have sold works of art for his account.


Buchholz, Karl. Lisbon, 50 avda da Liberdade. Berlin book dealer who opened a branch in Lisbon in 1943. Suspected of having worked for von Ribbentrop and Goebbels, and of possible traffic in loot. Partner of Lehrfeld, Portuguese national. Pre-war Berlin partner of Curt Valentin, German refugee dealer now established in New York (Buchholz Gallery, East 57th Street). Valentin is believed to have had no contact with Buchholz during the war.

Gessmann, Wilhelm (alias Alexander, Joan Charles; Alendorf, Wilhelm). International spy; representative of the Buchholz art and bookselling establishments in Berlin and Lisbon.

John, Conrad. Lisbon, Rua Nova da Trinidade 3A. Runs the Galeria de Arte with Elfriedo Marquos Perreira, and associated with Leon Josipovicci, dealer suspected of handling looted objects.

Josipovicci, Leon. Lisbon, 45 rua de Santa Marta. German national of Romanian origin. Connected with Conrad John and Elfriedo Marques Perreira; possibly involved in the handling of loot.

Kugel, M Jacques. Lisbon, rua das Chagas/rua Marochal Saldanha 2. German Jewish refugee dealer, of the Calondas Galleries, possibly implicated in art looting transactions, and twice reported as working for the Germans during the war.

Leal, Alfredo. Lisbon, avda Antonio Augusto de Aguiar 2. Art dealer of Antiquarium Ltd, specialising in porcelains. May be involved in the disposal of looted property.

Lehrfeld, Enrique. Lisbon, 50 avda da Liberdade. Partner of Buchholz in the New German Bookshop.

Ostins, Joan Rolland. Lisbon, Castilho 690/Hotel Central, Caldas da Rainha/Av Palace Hotel. Suspected enemy agent, reported to have transferred large sums of money and looted works of art to the Argentine. Travelled extensively in Europe during the war. Suspected of having worked for Lohse and the ERR at one time. On Allied Proclaimed List.

Perreira, Elfriedo Marques. Lisbon, rua Nova da Trinidade 3a. Partner of Conrad John in the Galeria de Arte. Possibly implicated in looted art transactions.


Kersten, Eduard Alexander-Felix. Stockholm, Linnogatan 8. Finnish national, formerly Himmler’s personal physician, with Gestapo connections. Travelled from Germany to Sweden during the war; now resident of Sweden. Possibly in possession of looted works of art deposited with him for Himmler’s account.

Koux, Henry H. Stockholm, Strandvagan 63. Of German birth; holds German and Swedish passports. Prominent industrialist; chairman of the German Chamber of Commerce in Stockholm. Indicted for subsidising the newspaper Dagsposten with fund of German origin. Member of the board of directors of Schenker & Co. Reported as consignee of several cases containing works of art, possibly loot, placed in the Free Port of Stockholm in 1944.

St Lucas, Gallery. Stockholm, Sturogatan 3. Held exhibition early in 1945 of Flemish and Dutch paintings of unknown origin. Possibly of loot being investigated by Swedish Government.

Lundquist, Editha Ludmilla Loppich. Stockholm. German national, married in October 1944 to Magnus Lundquist; obtained Swedish citizenship and instituted divorce proceedings almost immediately. Amateur of Chinese art; reported as one-time mistress of Goebbels, and admitted having lectured for the German propaganda agency during the war, in Norway and France. Employed by the German Foreign Office. Made a survey of the Swedish market for Chinese art objects confiscated from France, Holland and Germany. She was to receive a 10% commission on Swedish sales, the balance to be credited to the account of the German government in Sweden.


Beauvais. Luxembourg national, reported as having been instrumental in the indication of many important private colections for confiscation by the Emigranten und Judisches Vermoegensverwaltung.

Reiffers. Luxembourg. Collector of Italian Renaissance art.  Friend of Kieslinger.  Sold two paintings to Muehlmann. 

Wiedemann, Fritz. Treasurer, Dresden Museum and Linz Museum.