|Status: The object is looted. Its current location is unknown.|
|Winter Landscape was appraised at 35,000 francs at the time of the exchange. This appraisal was probably provided by Dr Jacques Beltrand who was Hermann Göring’s official appraiser on all of the exchanges undertaken by the ERR in Paris on behalf of Göring.|
Arthur Pfannstiel, a German citizen, received Winter Landscape along with Girl with a Guitar by Laurencin, in an exchange with the ERR for Farmers Gambling by Cornelius Bega. Pfannstiel was also a confidential assistant of Baron Kurt von Behr, director of the ERR Paris Kunststab. This is one of only two exchanges of ERR confiscated artwork personally conducted by von Behr.
The exchange is thought to have been the fourth of eighteen formal exchanges of artwork undertaken by the ERR on behalf of Hermann Göring.
Approximately 700 works of art, which had been confiscated by the ERR in France were selected for Hermann Göring’s private art collection. The standard procedure for the selection of objects involved Göring’s personal visit to the Jeu de Paume in Paris where he chose from among the works of art which had been placed on display there by the ERR staff. In most instances, the objects were packed on Göring’s private train and shipped from Paris to Berlin between 8 February 1941 and 24 November 1942.
The ERR was a special unit of the German Foreign Political Office under Reichsleiter Alfred Rosenberg whose primary function was the looting and confiscation of so-called “ownerless” Jewish art collections. Approximately 21,903 objects from 203 collections are believed to have been seized by the ERR in France.
The ERR conducted twenty-eight formal exchanges of confiscated paintings with six dealers between February 1941 and November 1943. In most of the cases, the paintings were French paintings of the late 19th and 20th century, which were exchanged for Old Master paintings. Transportation of confiscated Impressionist and 20th century paintings to Germany was forbidden, as these were formally regarded as Entartete Kunst (degenerate art) by the Nazis. Instead, the ERR used these highly saleable paintings in the interest of commercial exploitation or to obtain Old Master and other paintings. Many of the exchanged paintings were smuggled to Switzerland from where they were sold into private collections.
The information provided was taken from a 1945 US Office of Strategic Services (OSS) Report. The object may since have been restituted to its rightful owner and its current location might be known.
If you can provide further information about the post-war provenance of this object, please contact the Central Registry of Information on Looted Cultural Property 1933-1945.
|Source of Information|
|Activity of the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg in France (Consolidated Interrogation Report No. 1). Office of Strategic Services, Art Looting Investigation Unit, APO 413, US Army, 15 August 1945.|
The Göring Collection (Consolidated Interrogation Report No. 2). Office of Strategic Services, Art Looting Investigation Unit, US Army, September 1945.
Central Registry of Information on Looted Cultural Property 1933-1945
76 Gloucester Place
Tel: +44 (0)20 7487 3401