Websites and Resources
Conferences and Events
Welcome to lootedart.com
This site contains two fully searchable databases.
The Information Database contains information and documentation from forty nine countries, including laws and policies, reports and publications, archival records and resources, current cases and relevant websites.
The Object Database contains details of over 25,000 objects of all kinds – paintings, drawings, antiquities, Judaica, etc – looted, missing and/or identified from over fifteen countries.
For a list of Essential Website Links, showing all key research sites and resources,click here.
For details of international resources, see below, Online Resources and Case News.
For the full range of developments on the Gurlitt case since the news broke on 3 November 2013, excluding what is on the homepage, including government press releases, Allied documents 1945-1950, specialist publications, the text of the proposed Lex Gurlitt, images and details of the works in the collection, click here. For all news stories, see the News Archive. For all other materials, including ALIU reports, etc, search 'Gurlitt'.
To subscribe to our looted art newsletter, click here.
At the inaugural meeting of the new Foundation - the Stiftung Deutsches Zentrum Kulturgutverluste - in the Federal Chancellery in Berlin a board of 15 trustees from the federal, state and municipal associations was established. Culture Minister Monika Grütters was appointed chair of the board, and Stephan Dorgerloh, Culture Minister of the state of Saxony, where the Centre is based, deputy chair. The art historian, Professor Dr Uwe M. Schneede, was appointed managing director of the board by Monika Grütters for what she called his reputation and commitment to provenance research which she said provides the Centre with the necessary national and international standing. A new Research Council is to be chaired by Dr Hermann Simon of the Centrum Judaicum in Berlin, whom Monika Grütters said brought into the Centre the perspective of the victims and their interests. The Council will evaluate project applications. Directives and authorisation policies were adopted. Guidelines were expanded to include private individuals and institutions which will now be able to apply for funding to undertake provenance research if their research can be shown to be in the public interest. Funding from the Federal Government will triple in 2015 from 2m euros to 6m euros. The Centre will move into its new building in Magdeburg in April.
To read the government's press release, click here.
2 January 2014: The Getty Research Institute has now catalogued and made available in its Series Vl of the records of M Knoedler & Co a finding aid to the Gallery's correspondence records. These are primarily the correspondence files maintained by the New York office, but they also contain files from the firm's other offices in London, Paris and Chicago. The bulk of the series are letters received by the New York and London offices between 1879 and 1971. These generally concern possible sales or purchases of artworks and include letters of inquiries about sales,negotiations of prices, appraisals,loans of artworks for exhibitions, and occasionally personal notes. The interoffice correspondence includes notes or instructions directed to staff and information about sales, potential sales, clients, collectors, and collections, as kept by each office. There is also the correspondence of the firm's library which concerns requests for documentation and illustrations of artworks, inquiries about publications, and includes letters received from the firm's library in London. Already available are finding aids and a database of the firm's stock book records, sales books and commission books.
"Our goal is for you to be able to walk down any street in Europe and learn the Holocaust history of that specific place."
Tracing the Past is a non-profit organization based in Berlin and launched at the end of October 2014 dedicated to the research and memorialization of the persecuted in Europe 1933-1945. Its first project has been to create a database from the 1939 German Minority Census. As a result, approximately two-thirds of the nearly 170,000 Shoah victims from Germany are now searchable for the first time by residential street address here.
Mapping the Lives is a proposed project dedicated to creating biographies, online maps and smartphone applications pinpointing the residential street addresses of all known victims of the Nazi Regime who were persecuted for reasons of race, religion, political views, resistance, sexual orientation, social orientation, and physical or mental incapacity.
16 December 2014: The French Commission des affaires culturelles et d'education has today presented in Parliament and published its report on French museums. The committee conducted 40 hearings and visited Germany, the UK and the US in the course of its investigation. Its report criticises France for lagging behind other countries as regards Nazi looted art. Only 102 works have been restituted of the 2,143 MNR works returned to France at the end of the war for the purpose of restitution. The Ministry's response to earlier criticism was to mount an enquiry into 145 of the works which led earlier this autumn to a report announcing "promising" research on 28 of them, about which the committee is scathing. The report calls for a new start, a serious search for heirs and the provision of funds for research. It also calls for provenance research in all French museums of works acquired since 1933 in line with the Washington Principles. To read the report, click here.
16 December 2014: Over the course of January and February 2015 Sir Paul Jenkins KCB QC, appointed by the UK Department of Culture, will undertake a short review of the work of the Spoliation Advisory Panel, set up in 2000 to deal with claims for works of art in UK collections. Such reviews form part of the regular and ongoing UK Government programme to review public bodies and ensure that they continue to operate effectively. The review will be conducted in consultation with key stakeholders and will look at the following areas of the Panel's work: Membership of the Panel; Terms of Reference and Rules of Procedure; Working arrangements and external relationships; Secretariat and relationship with the Department; and Funding and resourcing.
To read the terms of the review, click here. To read more about the Spoliation Panel, click here.
4 December 2014: 13 books published between 1840 and 1914 have been returned to the Jewish Community of Vienna following provenance research undertaken in the Berlin State Library. The research was published online, leading to a request for the books' return by Vienna.
The library of the Jewish Community Vienna was sealed by the Gestapo during Kristallnacht in 1938. Between 1939 and 1941 it was sent by Adolf Eichmann to the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA) (Reich Security Head Office) in Berlin. In 1945 part of the library was taken to Lower Silesia and Northern Bohemia to avoid aerial bombing, but only a small proportion was recovered in 1945.
The Berlin State Library's research into its 3 million volumes continues and some 1,000 have been returned to their rightful owners since the project began. In December 2013 the Library published a 400 page study, Beschlagnahmt, erpresst, erbeutet. NS-Raubgut, Reichstauschstelle und Preußische Staatsbibliothek zwischen 1933 und 1945 (Confiscated, Blackmailed, Seized: Nazi loot, the Reich Exchange Office and the Prussian State Library 1933-1945) which provides a context for the research both in the Berlin and other German libraries.
To read the press release from the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation about the restitution to Vienna, click here. To see further details of the 2013 book, click here.
Works of Art: Some 1,600 works were published by the Bern Kunstmuseum on 27 November in two listings, one for the works found in the Munich apartment and one for those found in the Salzburg house. The Salzburg collection accounts for 254 works, considerably more than the estimate of 60 previously given. The lists are published only in German and provide artist name, title, date, medium, dimensions and image. No provenance information is included. Bern says it will update the lists once the research progresses further. To see the Munich list, click here. To see the Salzburg list, click here.
Business Records: It was announced on Monday that Hildebrand Gurlitt's business records would be published online. Many have long called for these to be publicly available. Lostart.de has now published four categories of records covering the years 1937-1945: Einkaufsbuch Verkaufsbuch 1937-41 (Purchases and Saless Ledgers 1937-41; Ein- und Verkaufsbuch 1937- (Purchases and Sales Ledger 1937-); Im- und Export (Import and Export); and Konto-Korrent (Accounts). The names of the buyers are redacted by lostart for "data protection" reasons and will be only released to those who can show a "legitimate interest".
Provenance Research Reports: It was also announced on Monday that the Task Force would provide research reports on any of the 500 works deemed problematic which proved to have been looted. Immediately before the press conference, lostart.de published the third report on a looted artwork produced by the Task Force, this on the Spitzweg drawing Playing the Piano from the Henri Hinrichsen collection. Like the two previous reports, on the Matisse painting Seated Woman from the Paul Rosenberg collection and the Liebermann oil Two Riders on a Beach from the David Friedmann collection, the reports are in German, determinations are based on whether a work was lost due to persecution during the Nazi era, are thin in content, and redact information about competing claimants. The Spitzweg report shows that in 1966, following a claim to the German government from the Hinrichsen heirs, Mrs Gurlitt was asked about the fate of the drawing, which the German government knew had been acquired by her husband in 1940 in Leipzig. She replied that all business records had been destroyed on 13 February 1945 in the bombing of Dresden and she was not able to help.
Other works acquired from Hildebrand Gurlitt or sold out of the collection: Questions remain about what art was sold by Hildebrand Gurlitt to museums and collectors and what art was disposed of by him and his family through the German, Austrian and Swiss art market. CLAE and others are calling for museums to disclose any works with a Gurlitt provenance and for dealers to dislcose any works they have sold for the family since the end of the war.
27 November: The report of the French government's working group on the provenance of works of art returned to France after the Second World War has been published. Among the 27 works identified as looted and whose heirs are now being sought are MNR 645 Bateaux sur une mer agitée which belonged to the Bargeboer couple from Holland, both of whom perished; MNR 609 et MNR 610, oil paintings by Joseph Vernet which belonged to Édouard de Rothschild; R6D, a drawing by Marie Laurencin which belonged to Paul Rosenberg; OAR 45 et OAR 474, tapestries which belonged to Daniel Wolf of Amsterdam, and MNR 733, an oil painting by Egbert van der Poel which belonged to Eugene Reiz.
The group made a number of recommendations regarding the public availability of research resources, including the need to improve the documentation and information available on the MNR site, the creation of a guide to archival documentation and the digitisation of auction catalogues. The group's members were Thierry Bajou, Elisabeth Foucart-Walter, Elouise Garnier, Catherine Granger, Muriel de Bastier, Anne Liskenne, Monique Leblois-Péchon, Emmanuelle Pollack, Alain Prévet, Rachel Rimmer, Isabelle Rixte, Anne Roquebert, Philippe Saunier and France Legueltel, chair of the group.
To read the report, click here.
21 August 2014: Rudolf Mosse was a philanthropist, advertising pioneer and the founder of the well-known Verlag Rudolf Mosse, a publishing house in Berlin, which, among other periodicals, published the Berliner Tageblatt. Following Rudolf’s death in 1920, Hans Lachmann-Mosse became the successor to the family’s business interests. Both Rudolf and his son-in-law Hans assembled significant art collections.
Following the Nazi rise to power in 1933, Hans Lachmann-Mosse and his family fled Germany. The same year the family’s assets were seized in Berlin and elsewhere by the Nazi government.
In 1934, parts of the Mosse family art collections were sold under duress at two auctions in Berlin, one at Rudolf Lepke’s Kunst-Auctions-Haus on 29-30 May 1934 and one at Auktions-Haus Union on 6-7 June 1934. Both auctions were organised by Karl Haberstock.
The full contents of the catalogues of both auctions have been made available in both German and English through the Object Database of the Central Registry of Information on Looted Cultural Property 1933 - 1945.
The Ashmolean's statement of 16 October 2014, available here, was issued in response to the Spoliation Panel's ruling that a Renaissance salt in its collection be returned to the heirs of the collector Emma Budge. The salt was part of a 2012 bequest of a 500 piece collection put together by Michael Wellby, a member of a family prominent in the silver trade. Wellby opened his own shop in Grafton Street in the 1960s, specializing in German silver of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, in which he became an acknowledged expert. The salt was acquired in or shortly after 1994 for his personal collection.
As a result of the Ashmolean's provenance research, led by Professor Timothy Wilson, Keeper of the Department of Western Art, the rightful owner of the salt was identified and contacted through the Commission for Looted Art. The ensuing claim for restitution was then referred to the Spoliation Advisory Panel for a ruling. The Panel analyzed the circumstances of the sale and concluded that it was a direct result of anti-Semitic intervention by the Nazi authorities. The Panel recommends that the Museum return the salt to the representatives of the Budge family. The Museum will therefore return the salt to the representatives of the Budge family.
9 September 2014: The records of the US National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) are available through the International Research Portal on their website (Holocaust Era Assets records) as a free collection on the online database Fold3. To access the records, register for a free Fold3 member account.
To read more about the NARA records available on Fold3, click here.
21 August 2014: The Limbach Commission has published its recommendation regarding the painting “Three Graces” by Lovis Corinth currently in the collection of the Bavarian State Paintings Collection. While the expert panel recognized that the painting's previous owner, Jewish industrialist Clara Levy, was a victim of Nazi-persecution, they held that the painting was legally shipped to New York by Levy's daughter-in-law in early 1940. Following this, it changed ownership several times before it returned to Germany after the war.
To read the full decision in German, click here.
23 July 2014: In September 2011 the Münchner Stadtmuseum, the largest municipal museum in Germany, both in terms of its physical magnitude and the scope of its collections, initiated a joint research project with the Berlin Arbeitsstelle für Provenienzforschung to systematically research its collection to identify potentially Nazi-looted objects. The project covered any objects that the museum had acquired between 1933 and 1945. Among the 20,000 objects which the museum acquired during that period, 205 silver objects were identified. All 205 objects originated from Jewish families who were forced to hand over these objects to the municipal pawn office in Munich, from which the municipal museum then acquired the items. After 1945, 57 of these objects were claimed and were restituted to the original owners or their families. The remaining 148 objects remained in the museum and were the subject of this research project.
A total of 66 inventoried items were published by the museum. The book, Spurensuche: Silber aus ehemals jüdischem Besitz im Sammlungsbestand des Münchner Stadtmuseums, contains images of the objects and samples of the museum's related inventory cards. Please click here for further information on the publication.
All but three objects listed in the book are also listed on Lostart.de. Click here for the entries on Lostart.de.
Lawsuits: provides details of claims and cases ruled on or being settled in court with copies of court filings and judgements.
Research Resources: provides details of family records, tracing services, art historical resources, texts of post-war reports, and books and publications.
Web Resources: provides details of various online databases of looted paintings, results of provenance research in countries around the world, archival records available online and other research materials.
Seeking Owners of Identified Looted Property: provides lists of names of individuals whose looted property has been identified in institutions in Germany and whose heirs are being sought.
Other categories of information include Governmental Conferences and Hearings, Laws, Policies and Guidelines, Art Trade, and Press, Television, Radio and Film. To explore all these sections, click here.
The site is regularly updated with new resources and developments. To provide details of resources or cases to add to the site, please email email@example.com.