Salzburg Provincial Archive (Salzburger Landesarchiv)
The Salzburg Provincial Archive consists of a historical archive of records up until c.1850, and a central register of the records of provincial authorities since c.1850. The archive's collection covers 14,000 metres. A selective overview of materials is provided online.
The archive holds material relating to the Nazi period, including Nazi era and post-war records relevant to research on looted property. Among these are:
Records of the Reich Governor (Reichsstatthalterakten) 1938-1945:
328 boxes of material regarding the governing of the Reich Gau of Salzburg. The collection can be searched via a detailed database at the archives.
'Asset Securing' Records ('Vermögenssicherung'or VMS-Akten):
On the basis of a decree of 26 April 1938 (enforced in June 1938), persons considered 'Jewish' under the racist Nuremberg Laws were required to register all property over RM 5,000 at the Vermögensverkehrsstelle (Property Registration Office), an authority created on 18 May 1938. The material is still organised by the original filing numbers. There is no finding aid for the collection.
Records of the Salzburg Provincial Court (Landesgericht Salzburg):
This collection includes the records of the Restitution Commission (Akten der Rückstellungskommission, RK-Akten) which document post war restitution cases and may contain information on confiscated Jewish property. Researchers need to obtain authorisation from the Salzburg Provincial Court to access the collection. There is no finding aid.
Records of the Salzburg Provincial Finance Office (Finanzlandesdirektion):
The restitution records of the Salzburg Provincial Finance Office are missing and have therefore not been handed to the archive.
Land registers (Grundbücher) and title deeds (grundbücherliche Urkunden):
Since c.1850 land registers and title deeds are administered by district courts (Bezirksgerichte) in Austria. The Salzburg provincial archive keeps old land registers and the relevant title deeds. The archives of the following district courts can be consulted in the archive: Abtenau (1851-1963), Gastein (1852-1960), Golling (1851-1923), Hallein (1851-1984), Lofer (1817-1923), Mattsee (1851-1923), Mittersill (1780-1953), Neumarkt (1830-1980), Oberndorf (1850-1985), Radstadt (1818-1919), Saalfelden (1817-1978), Salzburg (1817-1983), St. Gilgen (1712-1960), St. Johann (1828-1945), St. Michael (1849-1964), Tamsweg (1851-1976), Taxenbach (1928-1954), Thalgau (1811-1921), Werfen (1820-1923), Zell am See (1874-1974). Unless the court has been dissolved, some records may still be located at the district courts themselves.
There is no finding aid for these records.
Resources for genealogical research at the Provincial Archives in Salzburg include:
Archives of the Records Department of the Military of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (Evidenzreferat):
This collection includes the Grundbuchblätter, records on individual soldiers; and Assentprotokolle, records of the systematic physical examinations of all men of c. 18 years of age for army suitability. These usually also include basic personal data, such as date of birth, profession/education, religion and home community.
The archive also holds household registration forms for Salzburg up to 1938 and those for communities merged with the city during the Nazi regime. Household registrations after 1938 can be found in the Salzburg Municipal Archive.
Access to records may be restricted. There is a general 30-year access restriction on records. For records containing sensitive personal data, this extends to 50 years. Researchers should contact the archive for advice on potential access restrictions to the collection they wish to consult. The director of the provincial archive may grant exceptional access. Users need to provide a written explanation for their interest in a particular collection and sign a declaration provided by the archive.
Inventarbuch der Landesgalerie Salzburg 1942-44:
In the late 1990s, the Salzburg Provincial Government commissioned the Provincial Archive to research the history and inventory book of the Landesgalerie Salzburg. The art gallery was founded during the Nazi period as a result of initiative of art dealer Friedrich Welz , who acquired works for the collection in occupied France and within the German Reich. The Landesgalerie collection later became part of the Salzburg Rupertinum, a museum Welz was instrumental in founding in the late 1970s, the Residenzgalerie, and the Salzburger Museum. A book researched by archivist Dr. Fritz Koller was published in 2000 as Inventarbuch der Landesgalerie Salzburg 1942-44 and can be ordered from the archive. Some of the texts from the book can be consulted online here and the works remaining in the city's collections can also be searched online.
For further information on looting and restitution in Salzburg the following research report can be consulted: Albert Lichtblau et.al. for the Austrian Historians' Commission, "Arisierungen", beschlagnahmte Vermögen, Rückstellungen und Entschädigungen: Salzburg ["Aryanizations", Confiscated Assets, Restitution and Compensation: Salzburg] . This report is no longer online.
Tel.: +43 (0)662 8042 4521 or 4527
Fax: +43 (0)662 8042 4661
Monday-Thursday: 8:30-12:00; 13:00-16:00
Landesgericht Salzburg (Salzburg Provincial Court)
Central Registry Archives, Correspondence, 23 April 2003
Salzburg Provincial Archive
<http://www.salzburg.gv.at/themen/se/salzburg/archive.html >, first accessed 21 July 2003. Link updated 16 July 2007.
Salzburg Provincial Collections - Provenance Research and Restitution
<http://www.salzburg.gv.at/themen/ks/kultur/galerie.htm>, first accessed 21 July 2003. Link updated 16 July 2007.
National Fund of the Republic of Austria
<http://www.en.nationalfonds.org/cgi-bin/dynamic?id=20060616143253005&words=research&temp=>, first accessed 21 July 2003. Link updated 16 July 2007.
Oldenburg Academic Publishing House
<http://www.oldenbourg-wissenschaftsverlag.de/olb/de/1.c.390332.de?hasjs=1184601150&submittedByForm=1&_lang=de&gsid=1.c.325875.de&id=390332>, accessed 16 July 2007.