This paper was written by the author as part of his graduation work in the field of museum studies in Brazil.
There is an increasing debate going on these days regarding provenance; many institutions dealing with works of art and various other objects are opening specific departments in the core of their organizations in order to discover and to make public whether they possess or not any items that may have questionable provenance status. It is a salient time when museums, art critics and scholars, besides families who had their collections confiscated for various reasons as well as their lawyers, have decided to come to terms with trying to solve the problem of provenance.
The returning of these items is among one of those utmost delicate issues, involving large amounts of money, strict legislation and laws (each and every country involved in this subject have their own legislations regarding artwork property). Affections, remembrances, joys and sorrow are also on debate.
In this very respect, museologists and other museum personnel have a key role, as they have the expertise (in documentation, research, knowledge of the collections) and most important of all, the responsibility to do all that they can do to return these collections to their righful owners.
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Antonio Felipe da Silva Júnior is a graduate in Museum Studies of the Anthropology and Museology Department at the Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.
Paper sent to the Central Registry by the author in August 2021